Technology Progression

  • First microprocessor

    First microprocessor
    In November in 1971, the first microprocessor was invented by Federico Faggin, Marcian (Ted) Hoff, Stanley Mazor, and Masatoshi Shima. This microprocessor was named the Intel 4004. It was considered the first general-purpose programmable processor available on the market. It would allow engineers to purchase and customize them with software to perform different functions in a wide variety of electronics.
  • Floppy Disk

    Floppy Disk
    In 1971, a team of IBM engineers led by Alan Shugart invented the floppy disk. The floppy disk is what made it possible to load software and updates onto mainframe computers. It was mostly used for primary data storage or a backup for data transfers between computers.
  • C programming language

    C programming language
    In 1972, Dennis Ritchie completed the original version of the C programming language. This programming language provided a powerful, consistent, and straightforward interface for programming systems. It was used to develop system software, application software, and embedded systems.
  • Ethernet

    In 1973, Robert Metcalfe developed Ethernet, which was used for connecting multiple computers over long distances. This made it possible to send data to other computers and high-speed laser printers.
  • First BIOS and 8-bit operating system CP/M

    First BIOS and 8-bit operating system CP/M
    In 1975, the first BIOS and 8-bit operating system CP/M was developed by Gary Kildall. This generally allowed the user to access the basic level of the computer system and configure hardware settings. In some cases involving more advanced computers, the BIOS can be used for CPU voltages, RAM latency, and PCI express speed.