Arab troops led by Emir Feisal take Damascus, ending 400 years of Ottoman rule.
Elections for the first Syrian National Congress. Included are delegates from Palestine.
The National Congress declares Emir Feisal king of Syria
Syria and Lebanon are put under French control and Palestine under British rule.
The French Greater Lebanon
France declare Greater Lebanon as a new state, which includes Syria
Nationalism ferments into an uprising against the French.
A new constituent assembly is elected and a constitution is drafted. The French reject the proposal, causing further unrest.
Syria Gains Partial Independance
France grants partial autonomy, but maintains military and economic dominance.
Syria falls under the control of the Axis Powers.
French and British troops occupy Syria, De Gaulle promises to end the French mandate.
Last of the French troops leave Syria
Baath Party Founded
Arab Socialist Baath Party founded
Various Wars & Border conflicts between Israel & Syria
1948: Israel gained independence & Arab countries (including Syria) attacked
1967: The Six-Day War, Israel vs. Syria, Jordan, Egypt, Israel wins & takes land from defeated countries
1973: The Yom-Kippur War, Egypt & Syria attack Israel (not successful)
Formation of United Arab Republic (UAR)
Alliance between Egypt & Syria
Fall of UAR
Coup in which the Baath Party came to power
Syria Assists Lebanon
Syrian troops are sent into Lebanon to help with their civil war
Hafez al-Assad sends troops in the city of Hama, destroying the city, killing over 10,000 people.
The Death of Hafez al-Assad
When Hafez al-Assad died, his son Barshad al-Assad became president.
Security Forces Attack the City of Daraa
When many families' children and family members were taken by the secret police, families marched onto the governer's house in hopes of releasing their family members. Security forces fired on the families and prevented ambulances from taking the wounded to hospitals. So, the wounded were put in the Omari Mosque.
5 week Uprising
100 citizens were killed, the Syrian government attacked people at funerals and killed atleast 9 people
Attack on the Omari Mosque
Security forces in Syria storm the Omari Mosque, where the wounded were being held. 5 people were killed.
Citizens Burn Baath Party Offices
Syria Suspended From the Arab League
Due to their inability to stop all the of the bloodshed and government crackdowns, Syria has been kicked out of the Arab League.
A Dozen Countries Vote Against Genral Assembly Resolution to Remove Assad from Power
Some of these countries: Russia, China, Iran, North Korea. All of these countries support the Syrian government, especially Russia, who sends them a lot of weapons, food, medical supplies, etc.