Spacerace

Space Raace

  • Russia

    Russia
    USSR launches Sputnik 1
  • Russia

    Russia
    USSR launches Sputnik 2 which carried a small dog named Laika into orbit
  • America

    America
    Explorer 1, the first American satellite to reach orbit, is launched. It carried scientific equipment that lead to the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belt.
  • America

    America
    Explorer 2 is launced but it fails to reach orbit
  • Russia

    Russia
    Sputnik 3 is launched.
  • America

    America
    The Vanguard 1 satellite is launched. It continues to function for 3 years.
  • America

    America
    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is formed, it replaces the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics (NACA).
  • America

    America
    Pioneer 1 is launched to a height of 70,700 miles.
  • Russia

    Russia
    Luna 1 is launched by the USSR. It is the first man made object to orbit the Sun.
  • America

    America
    Pioneer 4 is launched on a Earth-Moon trajectory. It passed within 37,000 miles of the Moon before falling into a solar orbit.
  • America

    America
    The "Mercury Seven" astronauts are selected by NASA
  • Russia

    Russia
    Luna 2 is launched. It impacts the Moon on September 13, becoming the first man-made object to do so.
  • Russia

    Russia
    Luna 3 orbits the Moon and photographs 70% of its surface.
  • America

    America
    Tiros 1, the first successful weather satellite, is launched.
  • America

    America
    The US launches Discoverer XIV, its first camera equipped spy satellite.
  • America

    America
    John F. Kennedy is elected the 35th President of the United States.
  • russia

    russia
    Yuri Gagarin orbits the Earth once and becomes the first man in space.
  • america

    america
    Alan B. Shepard becomes the first American in space.
  • america

    america
    President John F. Kennedy addresses Congress and challenges the nation to go to the Moon before the end of the decade.
  • america

    america
    Gus Grissom is launched on a sub-orbital flight. His Liberty-Bell capsule is lost when it fills with water and sinks after splashdown.
  • russia

    russia
    Gherman Titov spends a day in space aboard Vostok 2.
  • america

    america
    NASA announces the Gemini Program.
  • american

    american
    John Glenn orbits the Earth three times.
  • america

    america
    Scott Carpenter repeats John Glenn's flight aboard "Aurora 7".
  • america

    america
    President Kennedy gives a speech at Rice University reaffirming the importance of the Moon program.
  • america

    america
    NASA selects its second group of astronauts.
  • america

    america
    Walter Schirra orbits the Earth six times.
  • america

    america
    Mariner 2 flies past Venus and enters a solar orbit
  • America

    America
    L. Gordon Cooper spends 34 hours in space. He is the last American to fly in space alone.
  • Russia

    Russia
    Cosmonaut Valentia Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space.
  • America

    America
    A third group of NASA astronauts is selected.
  • America

    America
    President Kennedy is assassinated.
  • America

    America
    Ranger 7 transmits the first close range images of the Moon.
  • America

    America
    Astronaut Theodore Freeman dies in a plane crash.
  • Russia

    Russia
    Luna 9 becomes the first spacecraft to soft-land on the Moon.
  • Russia

    Russia
    Alexei Leonov spends 12 minutes outside of his Voskhod spacecraft performing the first spacewalk.
  • America

    America
    Gus Grissom and John Young fly the first manned Gemini spacecraft.
  • America

    America
    Ed White performs America's first spacewalk. Jim McDivitt remains in the Gemini capsule.
  • America

    America
    Mariner 4 returns close ranger images of Mars.
  • Russia

    Russia
    Venus 3 is launched. It becomes the first man made object to impact Venus on March 1, 1966.
  • America

    America
    Frank Borman and James Lovell begin a two week stay in Earth orbit aboard Gemini 7.
  • America

    America
    Walter Schirra and Thomas Stafford, in their Gemini 6 spacecraft, make the first space rendezvous with Gemini 7.
  • America

    America
    Astronauts Charles Bassett and Elliott See die when their plane crashes in bad weather.
  • America

    America
    Surveyor 1 soft-lands on the Moon.
  • America

    America
    Lunar Orbiter 1 enters orbit around the Moon and takes the first picture of the Earth from that distance.
  • America

    America
    Gemini 12, the last flight of the Gemini Program, launches with James Lovell and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin aboard.
  • Russia

    Russia
    Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee are killed when a fire ignites in their Apollo 1 capsule while performing a test on the launch pad.
  • Russia

    Russia
    Cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov is killed when the parachutes of his Soyuz 1 capsule fail to open properly following re-entry.
  • America

    America
    Astronaut Edward Givens is killed in an automobile accident.
  • America

    America
    Astronaut Clifton Williams is killed in a plane crash.
  • Russia

    Russia
    Venera 4 transmits data about the atmosphere of Venus.
  • Russia

    Russia
  • Russia

    Russia
    Zond 5 is launched. It carried a biological payload (including two turtles) around the Moon and returned to Earth six days later.
  • America

    America
    The crew of Apollo 7 begin a 10 day mission to study the new spacecraft.
  • America

    America
    Frank Borman, James Lovell, and William Anders begin the first manned journey from the Earth to the Moon. On Christmas Eve they take turns reading Genesis in a broadcast heard around the world.
  • Russia

    Russia
    Soyuz 4 & 5 perform the first Soviet spacecraft docking.
  • America

    America
    Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin become the first men to walk on the Moon while crewmate Michael Collins orbits around the Moon alone.
  • America

    America
    Pete Conrad and Alan Bean perform the first precision lunar landing, touching down just 600 feet from the Surveyor 3 probe that arrived two years earlier.