Space Race (Aerospace) By BryanSandifer Oct 4, 1957 Sputnik (USSR) USSR launches first satellite into space. Nov 3, 1957 Sputnik 2 (USSR) Sputnik 2 is launched by the USSR carrying a dog named Laika into space. Jan 31, 1958 Explorer 1 (USA) America's first satellite to reach orbit was the Explorer 1. It led to the discovery of the radiation belt by Van Allen. Mar 17, 1958 Vanguard 1 (USA) America created the Vanguard 1 satellite which was launched on this date. The satellite functioned until 1961. Oct 1, 1958 NASA (USA) NASA is formed which is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This replaced the old version called the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautic (NACA). Oct 11, 1958 Pioneer 1 (USA) Pionner 1 is launched from Earth reaching a height of 70,700 miles in the air. Jan 2, 1959 Luna 1 (USSR) The Luna 1 is launched by the USSR. This is the first ever man made object to orbit around the sun. Sep 12, 1959 Luna 2 (USSR) The Luna 2 is launched by the USSR. One day after launch is impacts the Moon, becoming the first manmade object to be on the moon. Oct 4, 1959 Luna 3 (USSR) The Luna 3 orbits the Moon and as it is orbiting it takes pictures of 70% of the surface of the moon. Apr 1, 1960 Tiros 1 (USA) The United States have a successful launch of Tiros 1, the first weather satellite. Aug 18, 1960 Discoverer XIV (USA) The United States Discoverer XIV satellite is launched. This is the first spy satellite with a camera. Nov 8, 1960 JFK (USA) The 35th President of the United States is elected. His name is John F. Kennedy. Apr 12, 1961 First Man in Space (USSR) A man from the USSR by the name of Yuri Gagarin becomes the first man to be in space. May 5, 1961 First American in Space (USA) Alan B. Shepard follows Yuri Gagarin by being the first American ever in space. May 25, 1961 Moon Challenge by JFK (USA) The president of the time, JFK, addresses Congress and challenges the whole US to go to the moon before the end of the decade. Aug 6, 1961 Space Day (USSR) A man from the USSR named Gherman Titov spent a whole day in space on a craft named the Vostok 2. Dec 7, 1961 Gemini Program (USA) The Gemini Program is announced by NASA. The Gemini Prgram is that helps prepare astronauts for space. Feb 20, 1962 3 time's the charm (USA) John Glenn Orbits the Earth 3 times being the only one to do so at the time. Sep 12, 1962 Importance of Moon (USA) JFK gives a speech at Rice University stating that the Moon program is very importance. Oct 3, 1962 6 times (USA) Walter Schirra orbits the Earth 6 times for the United States. Jun 16, 1963 First Woman (USSR) The first woman ever in space was Valentina Tereshkova from the USSR. Nov 22, 1963 Assassination (USA) John F. Kennedy is assassinated while in Texas riding in his limo. (Was killed at grassy knoll which is the name of the street I live on) Jul 31, 1964 Ranger 7 (USA) The Ranger 7 sends the first close range pictures of the Moon back to Earth, Mar 18, 1965 Spacewalk (USSR) Alexei Leonov is the first person to perform a spacewalk. He spends a total of 12 minutes outside his craft. Mar 23, 1965 Gemini Spacewalk (USA) Jim McDivitt stays in the Gemini capsule as Ed White performs the United States first spacewalk. (Picture is Ed White) Feb 3, 1966 Luna 9 (USSR) The USSR's Luna 9 becomes the first spacecraft to soft-land on the Moon. Aug 14, 1966 Lunar Orbiter 1 (USA) The United State's Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first picture of earth from a distance. Jul 21, 1969 Appollo 11 (USA) This was the first time any humans had been on the moon. Neil Armstrong and pilot Buzz Aldrin land on the moon on July 20, 1969. Armstrong becomes the first man to step foot on the moon on July 21. Nov 23, 1970 Lunokhod 1 (USSR) This was the first remote-controlled mobile vehicle on the moon. Jul 15, 1975 ASTP (USA) Soyuz 19 (USSR) This was the joining of the US and USSR space forces. It was a symbol of the goal both countries were going after.