Space Race

  • The launch of Sputnic 1

    The launch of Sputnic 1
    The USSR was the first to launch an artificial satellite into Earth's atmosphere. This was the first of many in the Sputnik program implemented by the USSR. This marked the start of the space age and the space race between the United States and USSR.
  • USSR launches Sputnic 2

    USSR launches Sputnic 2
    Carrying the first living organism in the Earth's atmosphere, the USSR launched Sputnik 2 on November 3, 1957. Laika, the German shephard,
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    The Space Race

  • US launches Explorer 1

    US launches Explorer 1
    Explorer 1 was the first Earth satellite of the United States, launched as part of its participation in the International Geophysical Year. The mission followed the first two Earth satellites the previous year, the Soviet Union's Sputnik 1 and 2, beginning the Cold War Space Race between the two nations.
  • US launches Explorer 2

    US launches Explorer 2
    Explorer 2 (EXPLR2) was to be a repeat of the Explorer 1 mission. However, due to a failure in the rocket during launch, the spacecraft did not reach orbit. Explorer 2 was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station LC-26A in Florida on March 5, 1958 at 18:28 UTC, by a Jupiter-C launch vehicle.[2] The Jupiter-C had its origins in the United States Army's Project Orbiter in 1954. The project was canceled in 1955, when the decision was made to proceed with Project Vanguard.
  • US launches the Vanguard 1

    US launches the Vanguard 1
    Vanguard 1 was the fourth artificial Earth satellite launched and the first satellite to be solar powered. Although communication with it was lost in 1964, it remains the oldest manmade satellite still in orbit. It was designed to test the launch capabilities of a three-stage launch vehicle as a part of Project Vanguard, and the effects of the environment on a satellite and its systems in Earth orbit. It also was used to obtain geodetic measurements through orbit analysis.
  • Sputnic 3 is Launched

    Sputnic 3 is Launched
    Sputnik 3 was a Soviet satellite launched on May 15, 1958 from Baikonur cosmodrome by a modified. It was a research satellite to explore the upper atmosphere and the near space.
  • Luna 2 is launched

    Luna 2 is launched
    Luna 2 was the second of the Soviet Union's Luna programme spacecraft launched to the Moon. It was the first spacecraft to reach the surface of the Moon. It successfully impacted with the lunar surface east of Mare Serenitatis near the craters Aristides, Archimedes, and Autolycus.
  • US launches Tiros 1

    US launches Tiros 1
    TIROS I was the first successful weather satellite, and the first of a series of Television Infrared Observation Satellites. It was launched at 6:40 AM on April 1, 1960 from Cape Canaveral, Florida, in the United States.
  • US launches Discoverer XIV

    US launches Discoverer XIV
    The Discoverer XIV is the first satellite to be ejected from an orbiting space vehicle and to be recovered in midair. Discoverer XIV was launched into a polar (north-south) orbit by a Thor booster from Vandenberg Air Force Base on Aug. 18, 1960
  • Yuri Gagarin orbits the earth

    Yuri Gagarin orbits the earth
    Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human being to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on April 12, 1961.
  • Alan B. Shepard goes into space.

    Alan B. Shepard goes into space.
    Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr. (November 18, 1923 – July 21, 1998) was an American naval aviator, test pilot, flag officer, and NASA astronaut who in 1961 became the second person, and the first American, in space. Ten years later, he commanded the Apollo 14 mission, and became the fifth person to walk on the Moon. He also served as chief of the Astronaut Office from November 1963–July 1969 and from June 1971–August 1, 1974. Shepard was promoted from captain to rear admiral on August 25, 1971.[2] He
  • First woman in space

    First woman in space
    Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova is a retired Soviet cosmonaut, and was the first woman in space. She was selected out of more than four hundred applicants, and then out of five finalists, to pilot Vostok 6 on the 16 June, 1963, becoming both the first woman and the first civilian to fly in space.
  • First close range images of the moon

    First close range images of the moon
    Ranger 7 was the first US space probe to successfully transmit close images of the lunar surface back to Earth. It was also the first completely successful flight of the Ranger program. Launched on 28 July 1964, Ranger 7 was designed to achieve a lunar impact trajectory and to transmit high-resolution photographs of the lunar surface during the final minutes of flight up to impact.
  • Luna 9 soft-lands on the moon

    Luna 9 soft-lands on the moon
    Luna 9 was an unmanned space mission of the Soviet Union's Luna program. On February 3, 1966 the Luna 9 spacecraft was the first spacecraft to achieve a soft landing on any planetary body other than Earth and to transmit photographic data to Earth.
  • Surveyor 1 softlands on the moon

    Surveyor 1 softlands on the moon
    Surveyor 1 was the first lunar soft-lander in the unmanned Surveyor program of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This lunar soft-lander gathered data about the lunar surface that would be needed for the manned Apollo Moon landings that began in 1969. The successful soft landing of Surveyor 1 on the Ocean of Storms was the first one by an American space probe onto any extraterrestrial body, and it occurred just four months after the first Moon landing by the
  • Data about the atmosphere of venus is transmitted

    Data about the atmosphere of venus is transmitted
  • The first walk on the moon.

    The first walk on the moon.
    Apollo 11 fulfilled U.S. President John F. Kennedy's goal of reaching the Moon before the Soviet Union by the end of the 1960s, which he had expressed during a 1961 mission statement before the United States Congress: "I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth."