The Space Race

  • Plans are made for Sputnik (USSR)

    Chief Soviet rocket scientist Sergei Korolev addressed Minister of Defence Dimitri Ustinov and proposed a developmental plan for an artificial satellite. This begined the Space Race.
  • Period: to

    Space Race

    When USA and USSR had the Space Race
  • Sputnik 1 Launching (USSR)

    Sputnik 1 Launching (USSR)
    Sputnik is launced in Gagarin's Start. Solviets start winning the race.
  • Sputnik 2 Launching (USSR)

    Sputnik 2 Launching (USSR)
    Had the first living organism, a dog named Laika.
  • Explorer 1 Launching (USA)

    Explorer 1 Launching (USA)
    First american artificial satellite. It was a response to Sputnik 1 and 2.
  • Luna 1 Launching (USSR)

    Luna 1 Launching (USSR)
    Ment to hit the Moon, but missed and became the first spacecraft to escape geocentric orbit and also the first to reach the heliocentric orbit.
  • Luna 2 Launching (USSR)

    Luna 2 Launching (USSR)
    First probe to reach the Moon two days after it was launched
  • 1960 Election (USA)

    Eisenhower left office and Kennedy took it. Kennedey did not want to help with the Space Race at this time.
  • Venera 1 Launch (USSR)

    Venera 1 Launch (USSR)
    First to flyby Venus
  • Vostok 1 Launching (USSR) and Kennedy's Mind Changed (USA)

    Vostok 1 Launching (USSR) and Kennedy's Mind Changed (USA)
    This was the spacecraft that carried the first human into space, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. He is credited as the first cosmonaut. Kennedy decided to start supporting the race after this happened.
  • Mercury-Redstone 3 or Freedom 7 Launching (USA)

    Mercury-Redstone 3 or Freedom 7 Launching (USA)
    First american spacecraft to carry an astronaut into space, Alan Shepard. Even though he was not in spaceorbit he was the first to manual control his altitud and retro-rocket firing.
  • Ariel 1 Launching (UK/USA)

    Ariel 1 Launching (UK/USA)
    First satellite controlled by another contry other than the USSR or USA. It was made by americans and sent in an american rocket
  • Telstar 1 Launching (USA)

    Telstar 1 Launching (USA)
    Telstar was part of a multi-national agreement among AT&T (US), Bell Telephone Laboratories (US), NASA (US), GPO (UK) and the National PTT (France) to develop experimental satellite communications over the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Mariner 2 Launched (USA)

    Mariner 2 Launched (USA)
    First american craft to fly by a planet, Venus
  • Address at Rice University on the Nation's Space Effort (USA)

    Address at Rice University on the Nation's Space Effort (USA)
    "We choose to go to the moon" speech that Kennedy gave saying that we would reach the moon before the decade was over.
  • Alouette 1 Launching (CAN/USA)

    Alouette 1 Launching (CAN/USA)
    First satellite made by another contry other than the USSR or USA. Canada sent this on an american rocket.
  • Vostok 6 Launched (USSR)

    Vostok 6 Launched (USSR)
    This craft had the first women in space
  • John F. Kennedy Spaces Center (USA)

    John F. Kennedy Spaces Center (USA)
    Johnson renamed NASA's Apollo Launch Operations Center and the NASA/Air Force Cape Canaveral launch facilities as the John F. Kennedy Space Center
  • Astérix Launching (FRA/ALG)

    Astérix Launching (FRA/ALG)
    This is the third country to put a satillate all by itself into space but the fifth to have a satillate. It was launching in Algeria
  • San Marco 1 Launching (ITA/USA)

    San Marco 1 Launching (ITA/USA)
    Sixth country to have control of a satellite. It was sent in an american rocket.
  • Apollo 1 Accident (USA)

    Apollo 1 Accident (USA)
    A fire starts inside the Apollo 1 capsule, killing astronauts Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom, Edward H. White II, and Roger B. Chaffee.
  • Soyuz 1 Accident (USSR)

    Soyuz 1 Accident (USSR)
    Soyuz 1 crashed in re-entery killing cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov.
  • WRESAT Launched (AUS/USA/UK)

    WRESAT Launched (AUS/USA/UK)
    Australia was the Seventh country that controled a satellite following USSR, USA, UK, CAN, FRA, and ITA, and was the third to launching in its own territory. THe rocket used, Sparta, was made in a colabragte effort of australia, america, and britian.
  • Apollo 8 Launching (USA)

    Apollo 8 Launching (USA)
    It was the first to reach the moons orbit.
  • Apollo 11 Launching (USA)

    Apollo 11 Launching (USA)
    Apollo is launched and would be the first to land on the moon on July 20, 1969. Americans beat the russians to the moon. Neil A. Armstrong is the first to walk on the moon. This was acomplished with only 160 days left for the decade to be over.
  • Ōsumi Launching (JPN)

    Ōsumi Launching (JPN)
    Japan was the fourth contry to put a satellite into space all by itself.
  • Apollo 13 Accident (USA)

    Apollo 13 Accident (USA)
    Was intended to land on moon, but after oxygen tank exploded it barely returned. Fortunally, no one died.
  • Dong Fang Hong I/Red East 1 Launching (PRC)

    Dong Fang Hong I/Red East 1 Launching (PRC)
    China became this fifth contry to send a satellite by itself into space. With this China thought that they could be a Super Power of the time too
  • Venera 7 (USSR)

    Venera 7 (USSR)
    It was the spacecraft to softland on an other planet and the first to send signals back. It landed on December 15, 1970
  • Salyut 1 Launching (USSR)

    Salyut 1 Launching (USSR)
    First Space Station
  • Mars 2 Launching (USSR)

    Mars 2 Launching (USSR)
    First USSR spacecraft to reach Mars. It was launched before Mariner 9 but got there after on 27 November 1971. It later impacted on Mars.
  • Mariner 9 Launching (USA)

    Mariner 9 Launching (USA)
    First spacecraft in Martion orbit. Even thought launched in after Mars 2 it got there before. on November 14, 1971
  • Fallen Astronaut (USA)

    Fallen Astronaut (USA)
    An aluminum statuette was left with a plaque that had the name of 14 astronauts and cosmonauts that had died before that time by an Apollo 15 crewmember.
  • Prospero Launched (UK/AUS)

    Prospero Launched (UK/AUS)
    The UK was the six country to put a satellite in space all by it self. It was launched in Australia.
  • Pioneer 10 Launching (USA)

    Pioneer 10 Launching (USA)
    This craft was the first to leave the inner solar system on July 15, 1972 and the first to reach Jupiter on December 3, 1974
  • Apollo - Soyuz Test Project or ASTP (USA/USSR)

    Apollo - Soyuz Test Project or ASTP (USA/USSR)
    Apollo CSM-111 was launched and later connected with Soyuz 19 in space. This ended the Space Race and was a deplomatic effort to lossen tension between the USA and USSR.