Mercury-Redstone 1 Failure-unmannedThe rocket only lifted about 4 inches off the ground, then went right back down. The escape rocket parachute deployed, but the rocket stayed intact. Mercury-Redstone 1 did not explode, it just did not lift off. The cause of the failure was that some of the electrical cords were in the wrong order. This was the first Mercury Rocket lift-off.
Alan Shepard First US person to fly into spaceThe First American in Space Alan became the second person in space in the Mercury-Freedom7. He commanded first Gemini mission (3). Alan was also supposed to command Apollo 13, but swapped missions with the crew of Apollo 14. Alan Shepard became the 5th person on the Moon.
Start of Mercury Project Manned SpacecraftMercury Goals: orbit a manned spacecraft around Earth
investigate man's ability to function in space
recover both man and spacecraft safely Mercury Project - 1958-1963
John Glenn First man to orbit EarthGlenn Orbits The Earth Commanded Mercury capsule Friendship 7. John Glenn became the first person to orbit the Earth and the 3rd person in space. He was also a United states Senator from Ohio.
John F. Kennedy challenges nation to go to moonJohn F. Kennedy announces his ambitious goal of sending an American to space and safely back to a session of Congress. He wanted the "catch-up and over-take" the Soviet Union in the space race. This was a historic speech that was nicknamed "The Moon Speech."
Last Mercury Flight Mercury-Atlas 9FAITH7 manned with L. Gordon Cooper Jr.
Last Mercury Flight of the Mercury Project (10th flight of Mercury)
Completed 22 Earth orbits
Gemini Project starts with Gemini 1Gemini Goals: to keep humans in space for up to 2 weeks
to perfect entering the atmosphere and landing at a specific spot
to orbit and maneuver itself around orbiting objects Gemini 1 and 2 were unmanned, Gemini 3-12 were manned
Alexey Leonov First ever EVA spacewalk21 minutes
From Soviet Union EVA: Extra-Vehicular Activity Any activity done by and astronaut or cosmonaut outside of a spacecraft beyond the Earth's appreciable atmosphere. (Mostly Spacewalks and Moonwalks)
Edward White First American Spacewalk Gemini 4Floated in space attatched to the spacecraft for 21 minutes
First American EVA Extra-Vehicular activity Died along with felow astronauts Gus Grissom and Roger Chaffee in a prelaunch test for Apollo 1.
Gemini 8 FailureThe Gemini was already in space and had already docked with the Agena. The spacecraft suddenly started to roll, and when Armstrong did everything he could, it still didn't stop rolling. It was a very violent rolling that could hurt the astronauts and make them lose conciousness. They came back safely, and landed in Asia. Command Pilot: Neil Armstrong
Pilot: David R. Scott
Backup C. PIlot. :Charles Conrad Jr.
Backup Pilot; Richard F. Gordon
Final Launch of Gemini Project Gemini 12Final launch of Gemini Project, 18th manned spacecraft Command Pilot: James A. Lovell
Pilot: Edwin E. Aldrin Jr.
Back-up Command Pilot: L. Gordon Copper Jr.
Back-up Pilot: Eugene A Cernan
Apollo 1 (204) Failurehttp://www-pao.ksc.nasa.gov/history/apollo/apollo-1/apollo-1.htm' >Apollo 1</a>
Tragedy struck as astronauts Virgil Grissom, Edward White, and Roger Chaffee lost their lives during the prelaunch test of Apollo 1 when a fire started in the Command Module. Apollo 1 could have been the first manned Apollo spacecraft to launch on February 21, 1967.
Start of Successful Apollo Program Apollo 7Apollo 7The Apollo ProgramOrbiting the Earth
Walter Schirra, Jr.-Commander
R. Walter Cunningham-Lunar Module Pilot
Donn F. Eisele-Command Module Pilot Apollo Goals:
Establish the technology to meet other national interests in space
Achieve preeminence in space for the United States.
Explore the moon
Endurance on the moon
Crew Members of Apollo 8 first orbit the Moonhttp://www.awesomestories.com/history/history-flight/to-the-moon' >History To the Moon</a> December 21-27,1968 Apollo Flights purpose: to land humans on the moon and bring them back safely back to earth This was the first flight to the moon.
CrewMembers: Frank Borman - Commander
James A. Lovell - Commander Module Pilot
William A. Anders - Lunar Module PIlot
Apollo 11 First landing on the moonNeil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin first step onto the moon's surface and collected moon rocks for observation. Michael Collins commanded the spacecraft until the astronauts were ready to go. "This is one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."- Neil Armstrong
Apollo 13 Failure "Houston, we have a problem."An oxygen tank exploded causing the astronauts to have lack of power, lack of water, lack of food, not much removal of carbon dioxide, and discomfort. They had a good few days before the explosion. They didn't know how they would get home without any power, but Flight Control helped them and they landed safely in the Pacific Ocean, fine, but they lost 31 pounds together total!
Commander; James A. Lovell
Commander Module Pilot: T. Kenneth Mattingly II
Lunar Module PIlot: Fred W. Haise Jr.
Last Apollo Launch -Apollo 17Last of the Apollo Launches
Apollo 17 was the last of US lunar landings. Commander: Eugene A. Cernan
Commander Module Pilot; Ronald E. Evans
Lunar Module Pilot: Harrison H. Schmitt