Alan Shepard became the first American to fly in space, on the Freedom 7 suborbital shot from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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President John F. Kennedy, in his “Urgent National Needs” speech, committed the United States and NASA to landing on the Moon by the end of the decade.
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John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth, making three orbits in his Friendship 7 Mercury spacecraft.
NASA leaders met at Marshall Space Flight Center to select one of three different methods of going to the Moon: Earth-orbit rendezvous, lunar-orbit rendezvous, or direct ascent.
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Gemini mission, Gemini IV, stayed aloft for four days and astronaut Edward H. White II performed the first EVA or spacewalk by an American.
apollo 1 was luched
During a simulation aboard Apollo-Saturn (AS) 204 on the launch pad at Kennedy Space Center, a flash fire broke out in the pure oxygen atmosphere of the capsule and flames engulfed the capsule. The three astronauts aboard – Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee – died of asphyxiation.
lifting body crash
On May 10, 1967, NASA research pilot Bruce Petersen was severely injured when the wingless M2-F2 lifting body crashed and flipped over numerous times on the bed of Rogers Dry Lake at Edwards Air Force Base. This was the 16th and last glide flight of the M2-F2 before it was scheduled to have begun powered flight with its XLR-11 rocket engine.
Apollo 8 launched atop the Saturn V booster from Kennedy Space Center with three astronauts aboard – Frank Borman, James A. Lovell, Jr., and William A. Anders. On Christmas Eve, the crew read from the book of Genesis.
frist man on the moon
Apollo 11: the first lunar landing mission with astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Edwin E. Aldrin, and Michael Collins. Armstrong and Aldrin were able to walk on the Moon while Collins orbited overhead in the Apollo command modul
apollo 13 the 13 time hey did apollo
NASA research pilot Thomas McMurty completed the first flight in an F-8A modified with Langley researcher Richard Whitcomb’s supercritical wing.
56 hours into the flight of Apollo 13, the oxygen tank in the service module ruptured and damaged several of the power, electrical, and life support systems. All crew members returned safel
Pioneer 10 was launched to Jupiter from Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
NASA research pilot Gary Krier flew an F-8C modified with a digital-fly-by-wire flight control system.
NASA administrator James C. Fletcher met with President Richard M. Nixon, who then made the decision to proceed with the Space Shuttle
Landsat 1 was launched from Kennedy Space Center, to perform an Earth resource mapping mission. It provided data on vegetation, insect infestations, crop growth, and associated land use information.
Apollo 17 was the last of the six Apollo missions to the Moon, and the only one to include a scientist. The crew of astronauts were Eugene A. Cernan, Ronald A. Evans, and Dr. Harrison H. Jack Schmitt, a geologist.
Skylab, a small orbital space platform, was launched. Skylab became home to three crews during 1973–74 for periods of 28, 59, and 84 days, respectively
The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project was the first joint international human space flight effort, taking place at the height of the Cold W
Viking 1 was launched from Kennedy Space Center on a trip to Mars. It landed there on 20 Jul. 1976. Viking 2 was launched to Mars on 9 Nov. 1975 and landed on 3 Sep. 1976.
Voyager 2 was launched from Cape Canaveral,
Florida and Voyager 1 on 5 Sep. 1977. Eventually, between them, Voyager 1 and 2 explored all the giant outer planets, 48 of their moons, and the unique system of rings and
magnetic fields that th
The table below is a concise summary of all total, annular and hybrid solar eclipses from 1961 through 1980 (excluding
Astronauts John W. Young and Robert L. Crippen flew Space Shuttle Columbia on the first flight of the Space Transportation System (STS-1).
Sally K. Ride flew on the STS-7 mission and became the first American woman to fly in space.
Guion S. Bluford was a mission specialist on the Space Shuttle Challenger (STS-8) and became the first African American .
Voyager 2 is the first -- and as of 2002, only -- spacecraft to observe Neptune. Twelve years after leaving Earth, Voyager 2 makes its closest approach to any planet since starting its journey, flying about 4,950 kilometers (3,000 miles)