U.S. scientists, who were involved, decided to send a monkey into space. The monkey's name was Albert 1. They wanted to see what would happen to the animal and the effects of radiation of high altitude.
First Satellite in Space by USSR
The USSR launched a satellite called Sputnik. It stunned most of the western world. The word "Sputnik" meant "fellow traveler". The Soviet Union were involved in it, so they got engineers and scientists to make a satellite that can orbit the Earth and shock the world.
Laika the dog in Space.
Laika was the first animal in Space. It was launched on board and the spacecraft was called Sputnik 2. The Soviet Government actually came up with the idea. So once again they got engineers and scientists to help make the rocket and wanted to see what would happen if an animal was sent into space and orbit Earth. Sadly Laika died during the flight
First Satellite in Space by USA
Explorer 1 was the first satellite in Space. It was launched by the Army. The 18 pound satellite had a cylindrical shape and it was 80 inches long and 6 inches in diameter.
Creation of NASA
NASA was created in order to participate in the Space Race and beat the Soviet Union that was part of it. The people who were part of it were the U.S. government who wanted to do more than send a satellite to orbit.
First man in space by USSR
Yuri Gagarin was the first man ever to go into space and orbit the Earth. The Soviet Union sent him to space to fly there as well.
First man in space by USA
Alan Shepard was the first american to go to space. Using the Freedom 7 spacecraft he was able to reach space.
First american to orbit the Earth
John Glenn was the first american to orbit the Earth while living in a space shuttle. He flew in the Friendship 7 and was the 5th man in space. This is one of NASA's biggest achievements.
JFK's speech and commitment to getting to the moon
A large crowd gathered in Rice Stadium in Houston, Texas in the year of 1962. When President John F. Kennedy announced a mission to the moon. The citizens were happy and excited that day.
First man to do EVA by USSR
Alexei Leonov was the first man to do an EVA. He was sent by the Soviet Union and spent 12 minutes and 9 seconds outside of the Voskhod 2 spacecraft.
1/3 Important Events in Gemini Missions
The Gemini 10 mission out the U.S. in the lead of The Cold War Space Race. Many people were happy about the event and NASA was part of it as well.
3/3 Important Events in Gemini Missions
Gemini 5 showed an 8 day endurance necessary for an Apollo lunar mission with the use of fuel cells to generate electrical powers.
2/3 Important Events of Gemini MIssions
This mission achieved the first space docking with an uncrewed agenda target vehicle. NASA was part of this event to help the U.S. win the Space Race.
Tragedy to the Moon
Three Apollo astronauts died in a explosion when they were only 218 feet from the launch pad. The Apollo 1 capsule was on fire and caused the horrible death.
Launches of Apollo 7-11
Apollo 7, that was made by NASA, was to land people on the moon in the year 1969 and it was a success.
Apollo 8 was the first crew to leave the low earth orbit. They also reached the moon, orbit it, and came home back to Earth.
A crew was in the low earth orbit and was the launch of Saturn V rocket made by NASA. It was the first full flight of the Apollo spacecraft.
It was a fourth crewed mission in the U.S. Apollo program. Also, the second crew to orbit the moon and return.
It was a spaceflight that first landed people on the moon and people in the U.S. were happy and thrilled to see that happen.
First man to do EVA by USA
Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin performed the first EVA on the lunar surface after landing the Apollo 11 Lunar Module Spacecraft.