Sofy Tafich - The Tough Road: India vs. Britain

  • Sepoy Mutiny

    Sepoy Mutiny
    The sepoys rebelled after learning that a handful of Indian soldiers were arrested for refusing cartridges of their new Enfield rifles. They joined with the Indian soldiers stationed in Delhi and the rebellion spread to northern and central India were fierce fighting took place between Britain and the sepoys.
  • Period: to

    Road to Indian Independence

  • Government of India Act

    Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom which consisted of ending the British East India Company and the change of its functions to the British Crown. The British government took direct command of India.
  • India National Congress

    India National Congress
    Growing nationalism in India led to the founding of the India National Congress which mainly focuses on specific concerns for Indians.
  • Muslim League

    Muslim League
    Another nationalist group that surfaced through the growing nationalism in India, like the Indian National Congress, it too focused mainly on specific conerns for Indians.
  • Burning of Passes (movie)

    Burning of Passes (movie)
    On this day, Gandhi refused to carry an obligatory identity pass, burning a handful of them infront of a British soldier. This happened to be Gandhi's first arrest.
  • Indian Troops Return Home

    World War I ends with the Treaty of Versailles and the Indian troops return home from war, expecting from the British government promised reforms that would lead to self government. However, Britain failed to fulfill this promise, and the Indians were once again treated as second-class citizens.
  • Rowlatt Acts

    The british government passed this act with laws that allowed the government to jail protesters for as long as two years, without even having a trial. These laws violated the individual rights of Western-educated Indians.
  • Amristar Massacre (movie)

    Amristar Massacre (movie)
    Hindua and Muslims gathered in Amristar, Punjab, at a festival in an enclosed square to pray and listen to political speeches relating to their disagreement with the Rowlatt Acts. Indians attended the gathering unaware that the British government had banned public protestant meetings. The British commander in Amristar orderd to fire without warning, the immense shooting going on for 10 miutes. Nearly 400 Indians died, and there were abou 1,200 Indians wounded.
  • Civil Disobedience

    The Congress Party endorces civil disobedience, which is the deliberate and public refusal to obey a law that isn't fair and nonviolence to succeed in gaining independence.
  • Boycotts (movie)

    Boycotts (movie)
    Gandhi convinced his followers to stop doing anything that benefited the British. This included the stopping of buying British goods (especially cloth), attending their government schools, paying their taxes, or voting in their elections.
  • Strikes (movie)

    Strikes (movie)
    Throughout 1920, jails in India were overcrowded with an immense number of prisoners. The british government arrested thousands of Indians who were involved in strikes and demonstrations.
  • Demonstrations

    Countless times, protests and Gandhi's pleas for non-violence usually led to riots. Which then led to the British soldiers losing patience and arresting countless Indians. The British government were not going to allow humiliation.
  • Salt March

    Salt March
    Indians were forbidden to buy salt from any source that wasn't the Briish government, according to the Salt Acts. Indians were also forced to pay taxes on salt. Gandhi organized the Salt March (peaceful protest) in 1930 where he, along with his followers, walked 240 miles to the seacoast where they began to make their own salt.
  • Hunger Strike (movie)

    As many other protests, Gandhi began a hunger strike to protest againt the unfair British government. These hunger strikes were what Gandhi used as a method to get people to listen to him when he spoke publicly, sharing his opinion.
  • Persia Becomes Iran

    Persia Becomes Iran
    In 1921, Reza Shah Pahlavi became Persia's new leader. He wanted to modernize the country, and therefore built public schools, roads, railroads, promoted industrial growth, and even allowed more right to women. In 1935, Reza Shah Pahlavi renamed Persia, naming it Iran.
  • India & Pakistan

    An Act was passed by the british House of Commons that allowed the nations of India & Pakistan independence in one month's time. The population has to decide where to go, the people who had it most difficult were probably the Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs had to decide where they would be headed.
  • Gandhi Assasinated (movie)

    Gandhi Assasinated (movie)
    Gandhi came to be in the way of the nation's violence, he was killed on this very date by an Hindu.