Russia's History and Government

  • Jan 1, 1200


    Mongols invade Kiev
    Slavs moved north and set up trade posts in Moscow.
  • Jan 1, 1480

    1480 Ivan III

    1480 Ivan III
    Ivan III rejected the mongolrule.
    Declared independence.
    Known as Ivan the Great.
  • Jan 1, 1547

    1547 Ivan IV

    1547 Ivan IV
    Ivan IV declared himself Czar
    Ruled harshly
    Known as Ivan the Terrible
    Conquered and expanded south past The Caspian Sea
  • 1700 Peter and Catherine the Great

    1700 Peter and Catherine the Great
    Peter the Great and Catherine the Great
    Wanted warm water ports
    Built the Capital St Petersburg
    If you were wealthy you lived comfortably
  • 1812 Napolean Bonaparte

    1812 Napolean Bonaparte
    Large land, climate was a great defense
    French led by Napolean Bonaparte invaded Russia
    Russian Army burned land and farms
    Russia won and remained independent
  • 1861 Czar Alexander II

    1861 Czar Alexander II
    Freed 40 million slaves
    Modernized Russia and built industries
    Remained Poor
  • WWI

    Russian Joins France and Great Britan to fight Germany and Austria in WWI
  • 1917 Czar Nicholas II

    1917 Czar Nicholas II
    People of Russia staged a revolution
    Forced Czar Nicholas II to step down
    Family sent to a home in Siberia where they were murdered.
  • Vladamir Lenin & Karl Marx

    Vladamir Lenin & Karl Marx
    Set a communist state and government controlled economy
    Moved Capital from St Petersburg inland to Moscow
    Created U.S.S.R. in 15 republics
    Followed Karl Marx's ideas (political thinker)
    Wanted everyone equal
    Ended private ownership
    Government owned farms & factories
    Lenin died 1924
  • Joseph Stalin

    Joseph Stalin
    Harsh dictator
    Did not allow citizens to practice religions property was seized
    Killed anyone who desagreed with policies.
  • WWII

    Germany invaded Soviet Union
    Soviets join US and Great Britan to defeat Germans
    Stalin set up troops in neighboring countries.
  • Cold War

    Cold War meant that no weapons were fired
    NATO- Europe democracies- US group of nations
    Warsaw Pact = soviet Union = group communist countries= Europe
  • Gorbachev and 1985 Attemps at Reform

    Gorbachev and 1985 Attemps at Reform
    Gorbachev- Soviet Union Leader
    Glastnost- openess to say or write what you thought
    Perestroika= reconstructing to boost economy
    Citizens doubted communism
    Huge protests
  • 1991 and Boris Yeltsin

    1991 and Boris Yeltsin
    President of U.S.S.R.
    Built a democracy and market economy
    All of the regions communist governments had fallen
    Collapse of the Soviet Union
  • Vladimir Putin and 1991

    Vladimir Putin and 1991
    Increased government control dealing with crime and violence.
    Served as second president of Russia
  • Slavs

    AD 800: Slavs build Kiev - Prospered with trade
  • Missionaries

    AD:988- Converted to Eastern Orhodox Christianity.
    Missionaries brought the form of Christianity from Byzantine Empire to Kievan Rus
    Brought writen language
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    Russia's history and government