• Elie Wiesel born

    Elie Wiesel born
    Elie Wiesel is born in Sighet, Transylvania, then and now part of Romania.
  • Nazi Party takes control of German Government

    Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany and the Nazi party takes control of Germany's government. The first permanent concentration camp, Dachau, is established.
  • Hitler Violates Munich Agreement

    Britain and France guarantee the integrity of Poland's borders after Hitler violates Munich Agreement of 1938 by invading and dismembering Czechoslovakia. In September, Germany invades Poland, starting World War II in Europe. In response, Great Britain, France, and the British Dominions declare war on Germany. In November, the first ghetto is established in Piotrków, Poland. Jews in parts of occupied Poland are forced to wear armbands bearing the Star of David for identification.
  • Elie and his family become polish residents

    German authorities begin to seal off ghettos in German-occupied Poland.
    Elie Wiesel and his family become residents of Hungary.
  • 4 Million Jews Dead By End Of Year

    Jews in the Warsaw ghetto rise up against their oppressors. By the end of the year, the Germans and their Axis partners have killed more than four million European Jews.
  • Elie And His Family Are Sent To Auschwitz

    Elie Wiesel is fifteen years old when he and his family are deported in May 1944 by the Hungarian gendarmerie and the German SS and police from Sighet to Auschwitz. His mother and younger sister perish; his two older sisters survive.
  • The State of Israel is created

    British forces withdraw from Palestine and the State of srael is established in accordance with the United Nations Partition Plan that proposed the partition of Palestine into two states, an Arab state and a Jewish state.
  • United Nations establishes "genocide" as an international crime

    In the shadow of the Holocaust, the United Nations approves the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. This convention establishes "genocide" as an international crime, which signatory nations "undertake to prevent and punish."
  • Elie Wiesel goes to Jerusalem for the first time

    Elie Wiesel goes to Jerusalem for the first time.
  • Punishment of the Crime of Genocide enters into force

    The United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide enters into force.