Holocaust Timeline

  • Elie Is born!

    Elie Is born!
    Elie Wiesel is born in Sighet, Transylvania, then and now part of Romania.
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    Holocaust Timeline

  • The Nazi Party takes power in Germany

    The Nazi Party takes power in Germany
    Adolf Hitlet becomes chancellor, or prime misister, of Germany.
    Nazis "temporarily" suspend gcivil liberties for all citizens. They are never restored.
    The Natzis set up the first concentration camp at Dachau. The first inmates are two hundred comunitsts.
    Boobs contrary to Nazi beliefs are burned in public.
  • Hitler becomes "Fuhrer"

    Hitler becomes "Fuhrer"
    Hitler combines the positions of chancellor and president to become "Fuhrer," or leader, of Germany.
  • Jews in Germany are deprived of fundamental rights.

    Jews in Germany are deprived of fundamental rights.
    Jews in Germany are deprived of citizenship and other fundamental rights.
    The Nazis intensify persecution of political dissidents and others considered "racially inferior" including "Gypsies," Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals. Many are sent to concentrarion camps.
  • The Olympic games are held in Germany.

    The Olympic games are held in Germany.
    The Olympic games are held in Germany; signs barring Jews from public places are removed unil the event is over.
  • German troops annex Austria.

    German troops annex Austria.
    German Troops annex Austria.
    On Kristallnacht (the "Night of Broken Glass"), Nazi gangs physially attack Jews throughout Germany and Austria.
  • Germany takes over Czechoslovakia.

    Germany takes over Czechoslovakia.
    In March, Germany takes over a neighboring nation, Czechoslovakia.
    On September 1, Germany invades Poland.
    World War II Begins in Europe.
    Hitler orders the systematic murder of the mentally and physically disabled in Germany and Austria.
    Polish Jews are ordere to register and relocate. They are also required to wear armbands or yellow stars.
  • War

    Britain and France declare war on Germany
  • Nazis begin deporting German Jews to Poland.

    Nazis begin deporting German Jews to Poland.
    Nazis begin deporting German Jews to Poland.
    Jews are forced into ghettos.
    Germany conquers one nation after another in Western Europe including the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France.
    (With Germany's backing, Hungary annexes parts of Romania, including Sighet and other towns in northern Transylvania.)
  • Residents

    Elie Wiesel and his family become residents of Hungary.
  • Germany attacks the Soviet Union

    Germany attacks the Soviet Union
    Germany attacks the Soviet Union.
    Jews throughout Europe are forced into ghettos and internment camps.
    Mobile killing units begin the systematic slaughter of Jews. In two days, one of those units was responsible for the murder of 33,771 Ukrainian Jews at Babi Yar - the largest single massacre of the Holocaust.
    Hungary deports 17,000 foreign and "stateless" Jews. Several thousand are used as slave laborers. The Nazis massacre the rest.
    The first death camp at Chelmno in Poland begins operations.
  • Studies

    Twelve-year-old Elie Wiesel begins studying the Kabbalah.
  • Final Solution

    Final Solution
    At the Wannsee Conference, Nazi officials turn over the "Final Solution"- their plan to kill all European Jews - to the bureaucracy.
    Five more death camps begin operation in Poland: Majdanek, Sobibor, Treblinka, Belzec, and Auschwitss-Birkenau.
    March: About 20 to 25 percent of the Jews who would die in the Holocaust have already perished.
    The ghettos of Eastern Europe are emptied as thousands of Jews are shipped to death camps.
  • Jews have already perished

    Jews have already perished
    February: About 80 to 85 percent of the Jews who would die in the Holocaust have already perished.
    April: Jews in Poland's Warsaw Ghetto strike back as the Nazis begin new rounds of deportations. It takes nearly a month for the Nazis to put down the uprising.
  • Hitler occupies Hungary

    Hitler occupies Hungary
    March: Hitler occupies Hungary; by June, the Germans are deporting twelve thousand Hungarian Jews a day to Auschwitz.
  • Ghettos

    Ghettos set up in Sighet
  • Deported

    Elie Wiesel is fifteen years old when he and his family are deported in May 1944 by the Hungarian gendarmerie and the German SS and police from Sighet to Auschwitz. His mother and younger sister perish; his two older sisters survive
  • Saw Furnace

    Saw Furnace
    Reached Auschwitz; that night they saw one of the furnaces
  • Parted

    (Very early) Elie & his father parted from Elie's mother and sister
  • Designation

    Elie was given the designation A-7713
  • inheritance

    Father didn't pass selection; gave Elie a spoon and knife as the "inheritance"
  • Nazis evacuate death camps

    Nazis evacuate death camps
    January: As the Russian army pushes west, the Nazis begin to evacuate death camps, including Auschwitz.
    April: American forces liberate the prisoners in Buchenwald.
    May: World War II ends in Europe with Hitler's defeat.
    The Holocaust is over; about one-third of all Jews in the world are murdered and the survivors are homeless.
  • Transferred

    SS units evacuate Auschwitz in January. Elie and his father are transferred to Buchenwald concentration camp, near Weimar Germany. Elie's father dies in January; Elie is liberated with the arrival of U.S. troops in April.
  • Evacuation

    All Jews ordered to go to the block to be shot; evacuation began
  • Corpse

    Elie looks in the mirror; a corpse looked back
  • International Miliary Tribunal

    International Miliary Tribunal
    An International Military Tribunal created by Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union tried Nazi leaders for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Nuremberg.
  • Journalism

    Elie Wiesel studies at the Sorbonne in Paris. He becomes interested in journalism.
  • Moves to U.S.

    Moves to U.S.
    Elie moves to the U.S.

    Elie publishes the English version of NIGHT
  • NPP

    Elie receives the Nobel Peace Prize