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Neuroscience

  • 3 color receptors

    3 color receptors
    Thomas Young and Hermann von Helmholtz, gave to the trichromatic theory of color vision. The theory began when Thomas Young proposed that color vision results from the actions of three different receptors. Young suggested that the eye contained different photoreceptor cells that were sensitive to different wavelengths of light in the visible spectrum.
  • Lousiana Purchase

    Lousiana Purchase
    The United States obtains the territory of ‘Louisiana’ from France.
  • Get that through your head!

    Get that through your head!
    Johann Chritian Reil uses alcohol to harden the brain.
  • Indian War of 1812

    The Natives Americans fought agaisnt the U.S. expansion to keep their lands.
  • Alabama

    Alabama becomes the 22nd state in the United States.
  • Don’t make that face

    Don’t make that face
    Charles Bell, a Scottish surgeon, demonstrated that spinal nerves carry both sensory and motor functions and that sensory fibers traverse the posterior roots whereas the motor fibers run through the anterior, this shows that the cranial nerve V was sensory to the face and motor to mastication whereas cranial nerve VII controlled muscles of expression.
  • Cerbeluwhat?

    Cerbeluwhat?
    Marie-Jean-Pierre Flourens states that cerebellum regulates motor activities.
  • Don’t cross the line

    Don’t cross the line
    John P. Harrison firstargues agaisnt phrenology, the detailed study of the shape and size of the cranium as a supposed indication of character and mental abilities.
  • Im crazy, not dumb

    Im crazy, not dumb
    Maachusetts establishes a “State Lunatic Hospital” for the mentally ill.
  • Neurons have things too

    Neurons have things too
    Gabriel Gustav Valentin indentifies neuron’s necleus and nucleolus with the help of a microscope.
  • America!!

    America!!
    The American Physiological Society is founded.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    The removal of thousands of native american people in which just as many died in the tormenting travel to their new land. It was a horrifying act which is still mpurned today for all the lives that were lost. [http://www.pbs.org/wned/war-of-1812/essays/native-nations-perspective/]
  • Can blind dream?

    Can blind dream?
    Eduard Zeis publishes study about dreams in people who are blind.
  • Nerves of steel

    Adolph Hannover uses chromic acid to harden nervous tissue.
  • White, dark white, light black, black...

    White, dark white, light black, black...
    Baillarger was the first physician to discover that the cerebral cortex was divided into six layers of alternate white and grey laminae. His name is associated with the inner and outer bands of Baillarger, which are two layers of white fibers of the cerebral cortex.
  • Assylum or prison?

    Assylum or prison?
    Dorothea Lynde Dix investigates brutality within mental hospitals in the United States.
  • 1 meter tall, 10 centemiters wide...

    1 meter tall, 10 centemiters wide...
    Benedikt Stilling is first to study spinal cord in serial sections.
  • 6-layeed cortex... Yummy!

    Robert Remark provides first illustration of 6-illustration cortex.
  • Butterflies in the stomach and vagus in the brain

    Butterflies in the stomach and vagus in the brain
    Ernst Heinrich Weber and Edward Weber discover that stimulation of the vagus, the tenth pair of cranial nerves, inhibits the heart
  • America II!!

    America II!!
    American Medical Association is founded.
  • He finally got it through his head!

    He finally got it through his head!
    Phineas Gage has his brain pierced by an iron rod.
  • Did you mean Corgi?

    Did you mean Corgi?
    Marchese Alfonso Corti describes the cochlear receptor organ in the inner ear (organ of Corti).
  • Darn... spilled my tomato sauce

    Joseph von Gerlach stains brain tissue with a carmine solution.
  • Can you read the thrid row?

    Can you read the thrid row?
    Hermann Snellen invents the eyechart with letters to test vision.
  • ...

    John Hughlings Jackson writes on loss of speech after brain injury.
  • What should the thesis be...?

    Theodore Meynert performs histologic analysis of cerebral cortex.
  • Ghost!

    Ghost!
    Silas Weir Mitchell provides a clinical description of phantom limb pain
  • Frankenstein? Is that you?!

    Frankenstein? Is that you?!
    Richard Caton is first to record electrical activity from the brain.
  • Pass the saw.

    Scottish surgeon William Macewen performs successful surgery to treat a brain abscess.
  • America II Jr.!!

    America II Jr.!!
    The Journal of the American Medical Association is founded.
  • You don’t snort it... You put it in your eye :)

    Karl Koller discovers anesthetic properties of cocaine by testing it on his own eye.
  • For the first time ever!

    English surgeon Richman John Godlee performs surgery to remove a brain tumor.
  • No more glasses!

    No more glasses!
    Adolf Eugen Fick makes the first contact lens out of glass for vision correction.
  • Who runs the world?!

    Who runs the world?!
    Margaret Floy Washburn is the first woman to receive a Ph.D. (Cornell University) in psychology.
  • Let’s go again!!

    John Jacob Abel isolates adrenalin.
  • You sure bout that?

    Bayer Drug Company markets heroin as nonaddicting cough medicine.
  • Girls!

    Girls!
    Physiologist Ida Hyde is the woman elected to the American Physiological Society.
  • That’s kinda corny...

    Austrain ophthalmologist Eduard Zinn oerforms rhe first successful human corneal transplant.
  • Period: to

    World War I

    World War I begins and ends.
  • What do you see?

    Shinobu Ishihara publishes a set of plates to test color vision.