MUSIC TIMELINE

  • 476

    THE BEGINNING OF THE MIDDLE AGES

    THE BEGINNING OF THE MIDDLE AGES
  • Period: 742 to 814

    Reign of Charlemagne

    In 800 he was crowned Emperor of the Romans, it was the first European sovereign with an imperial title since the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
  • 800

    Invention of the gunpowder

    Invention of the gunpowder
    It was created in China by the alchemists.
  • 843

    Treaty of Verdun

    Treaty of Verdun
    Treaty signed in 843 by the descendants of Emperor Charlemagne.
  • 900

    Invention of the tetragram

    Invention of the tetragram
    In this century were created different ways to write the music, the first one was the tetragram, this tetragram had 4 lines with their respective spaces.
  • Period: 901 to 1050

    Guido de Arezzo

    Guido de Arezzo was the one who named the musical notes that are used in our days.
  • Period: 1220 to 1288

    Construction of the Cathedral in Amiens

  • 1453

    THE BEGINNING OF THE RENAISSANCE

    THE BEGINNING OF THE RENAISSANCE
  • 1492

    THE END OF THE MIDDLE AGES

    THE END OF THE MIDDLE AGES
  • Period: 1523 to

    Orlando di Lasso

    He was a composer of the Renaissance. Orlando di Lasso wrote more than 2233 compositions in Latin, French, Italian and German, in all genres known in his time. Some famous compositions are:
    1556 Primer ciclo de motetes.
    1562 Segundo ciclo de motetes.
    1577 Bicinia.
    1584 Psalmi David I poenitentiales.
    1588 Tricinia.
  • Period: 1562 to

    Wars of Religion

    The Wars of Religion were eight conflicts that took place in France between 1562 and 1598.
    The First War (1562-1563), Second War (1567-1568), Thirt War (1570), Fourth War (1572-1573), Fifth War (1574-1576), Sixth War (1577), Seventh War (1579-1580) and the Eighth War (1585-1598)
  • 1576

    Masses Ave Maris Stella

    Masses Ave Maris Stella
    Tomás Luis de Victoria wrote the masses Ave Maris Stella.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LVE-sk7iaQ8
  • THE BEGINNING OF THE BAROQUE

    THE BEGINNING OF THE BAROQUE
  • Period: to

    The Thirty Years' War

    The Thirty Years’ War was a religious conflict that was one of the longest and most brutal wars in human history, that took part in central Europe.
    https://www.history.com/topics/reformation/thirty-yearswar#:~:text=The%20Thirty%20Years'%20War%20was,disease%20caused%20by%20the%20conflict.
  • Period: to

    Isaac Newton

    Isaac Newton was an English physicist and mathematician famous for his laws of physics. He was a key figure in the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century. He contributed for lot of things such as the laws of Motion.
  • Period: to

    Antonio Vivaldi

    Antonio Vivaldi was a 17th and 18th century composer who’s become one of the most renowned figures in European classical music. https://www.biography.com/musician/antonio-vivaldi
  • Creation of the modern piano

    Creation of the modern piano
    The piano was invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori in Italy. The instrument was baptized as "clavicembalo col piano e forte". Over time the name was contracted to the "piano" that has reached our days.
  • Death of Louis XIV of France

    Death of Louis XIV of France
    The king Louis XIV of France died after 72 years of reign. He led an absolute monarchy during France’s classical age. He revoked the Edict of Nantes and is known for his aggressive foreign policy.
    https://www.biography.com/royalty/louis-xiv
  • "Air on the G String"

    "Air on the G String"
    Johann Sebastian Bach wrote "Air on the G String". An important play of the music in the Baroque.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pzlw6fUux4o
  • THE BEGINNING OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD

    THE BEGINNING OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD
    It can be said that classicism is a movement that followed the principles of the model developed during the ancient period. Among its main characteristics is the search for physical, aesthetic and intellectual perfection of the human being.
  • Period: to

    Francisco Bayeau

    Francisco Bayeu was a spanish painter born in Zaragoza in 1734 and he died in Madrid in 1794.
    https://www.britannica.com/biography/Francisco-Bayeu
  • THE END OF THE BAROQUE

    THE END OF THE BAROQUE
    This period ends with the death of Johann Sebastian Bach.
  • Period: to

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    Wolfgang Mozart was a prolific artist, Austrian composer that created a string of operas, concertos, symphonies and sonatas that profoundly shaped classical music.
    https://www.classicsforkids.com/composers/composer_profile.php?id=46#:~:text=Wolfgang%20Amadeus%20Mozart%20was%20born,was%20a%20violinist%20and%20composer.&text=Mozart%20was%20only%2035%20when,is%20still%20considered%20a%20genius!
  • "Sinfonía de los adioses o sinf́onía nº45"

    "Sinfonía de los adioses o sinf́onía nº45"
    Is one of the most popular and fascinating works by its author, Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yPC0Iayw72M
  • End of The United States War of Independence

    End of The United States War of Independence
    The United States War of Independence was a military conflict that pitted the original Thirteen British Colonies in North America against the Kingdom of Great Britain. It occurred between 1775 and 1783, ending with the British defeat at the Battle of Yorktown and the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
  • THE END OF THE RENAISSANCE

    THE END OF THE RENAISSANCE
  • Period: to

    The French Revolution

    The French Revolution ended the system of absolute monarchies that had been in place for centuries in many European countries. The political system was based on the fact that all powers: legislative, executive and judicial resided in the king.
    Before this, the legislature would correspond to an Assembly or Parliament; the executive would continue to reside in the king and the ministers, and the judicial would fall to the courts of justice.
    The monarchy would cease to exist or be absolute.
  • "Amor Divino y Amor Profano"

    "Amor Divino y Amor Profano"
    "Amor Divino y Amor Profano" by José de Madrazo y Agudo, is a painting painted in 1813 in Rome, which in 1828 was already in the Prado museum. And it is one of the most important paintings of its author.
  • Period: to

    Ivan Aivazovsky

    He was a Russian Romantic painter. He is considered one of the greatest marine artists in history.
    https://www.imdb.com/name/nm1837302/bio
  • THE END OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD

    THE END OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD
    Classicism ends with the death of Beethoven.
  • BEGINNING OF THE ROMANTIC PERIOD

    BEGINNING OF THE ROMANTIC PERIOD
  • "Fantasy on Polish Airs" of Frédéric Chopin

    "Fantasy on Polish Airs" of Frédéric Chopin
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5_tsewEETfs Frédéric François Chopin (18 was a Polish teacher, composer and virtuoso pianist, considered one of the most important pianists in history and one of the greatest representatives of musical Romanticism.
  • Period: to

    Johannes Brahms

    Brahms was a German-born composer and pianist, with a significance for Romantic music comparable to that of Bach and Bethoven. His overall oeuvre includes compositions for chamber music, symphony orchestra, piano, choir, organ and vocalists. Brahms: Symphony No. 2 (Mov. I) - David Grimal
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RzMzVNXb1BA
  • End of the Industrial Revolution

    End of the Industrial Revolution
    The Industrial Revolution was a process of profound economic, social, cultural and technological transformations that took place between 1760 and 1840, and originated in England.
    There were major advances in transport, improved productivity and increased per capita income.
    It meant the creation of technological and scientific innovations that represented a break with the socio-economic structures that had existed up to that time.
  • Period: to

    Amadeo I of Spain

    He was king during the 19th century.
    https://www.britannica.com/biography/Amadeus-king-of-Spain
  • Invention of the telephone

    Invention of the telephone
    In 2002, the US Congress passed Resolution 269 recognising that it was the Italian Antonio Meucci who invented the telephone in 1854, which he called the telephon. Meucci, who gave a public demonstration of his device in 1860, was unable to renew the patent warning because of his financial hardship. Had he been able to pay the ten dollars necessary to maintain the caveat after 1874, Bell would not have been granted the patent.
  • THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY

    THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY
  • Period: to

    Frida Kahlo

    Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo Calderón, known as Frida Kahlo, was a Mexican painter. Her work revolved thematically around her biography and her own suffering. She was the author of 150 works, mainly self-portraits, in which she projected her difficulties to survive. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Frida-Kahlo
    https://www.britannica.com/summary/Frida-Kahlo
  • THE END OF THE ROMANTIC PERIOD

    THE END OF THE ROMANTIC PERIOD
  • Period: to

    John Cage

    John Milton Cage Jr, artistically John Cage, was an American composer, music theorist, artist and philosopher. A pioneer of aleatoric music, electronic music and the non-standard use of musical instruments, Cage was one of the leading figures of post-war avant garde.
    https://www.britannica.com/biography/John-Cage
  • World War I begins

    World War I begins
    This war was due to economic and colonial rivalries between the great powers. It pitted two blocs of countries: the Allies forming the Triple Entente France, England and Russia, joined by Belgium, Italy, Portugal, Greece, Serbia, Romania and Japan, among others, and the central powers of the Triple Alliance, the German Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, supported by Bulgaria and and Turkey. https://kidskonnect.com/history/world-war-i/
  • Period: to

    Spanish Civil War

    The Spanish Civil War took place between the Republican side formed by the government that had existed up to that time, and the National side, led by General Francisco Franco, formed by the bourgeoisie, landowners and upper classes.
    The Civil War was one of the hardest wars in Spain in living memory. After the victory of General Franco and the Nationalist side, a dictatorship began in the country that lasted almost 40 years, from 1939 to 1975, the year in which the Spanish dictator died.
  • Death of Arnold Schoenberg

    Death of Arnold Schoenberg
    Arnold Schoenberg (Vienna, September 13, 1874-Los Angeles, July 13, 1951) was an Austrian composer, music theorist and painter of Jewish origin. He is recognized as one of the first composers to delve into atonal composition, and especially for the creation of the technique of dodecaphonism based on series of twelve notes, opening the door to the later development of serialism in the second half of the twentieth century. He was also the leader of the so-called Second Vienna School.
  • Moon landing for first time

    Moon landing for first time
    Apollo 11 was a United States manned space mission whose objective was to have a human being walk on the surface of the Moon. The mission was sent into space on July 16, 1969, reached the surface of the Moon on July 20 of the same year and the next day had 2 astronauts (Armstrong and Aldrin) walk on the lunar surface.
    https://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/k-4/stories/first-person-on-moon.html
  • THE END OF THE 20TH CENTURY

    THE END OF THE 20TH CENTURY