Muhammad's Life

  • 570

    Muhammad is born

    Muhammad is born
    Muhammad was born in what is now Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
  • 585

    Suevi Empire Falls

    Suevi Empire Falls
    The Suivi were a germanic tribe that was living in the Iberian Peninsula (modern Spain and Portugal). Until 585, they lived in the area with other Germanic tribes, though the others were slowly being conquered by the Visagoths. Eventually, it was just the Suivi and Visagoths. The Goths attacked over the course of the year, and the Suivi Empire fell to them.
  • 589

    First Written Mention of Toilet Paper

    The Chinese had invented toilet paper before this date, but this was the first written mention. Interesting fact: when the Arabs and Europeans learned of this, they thought it was terribly unsanitary to use paper instead of water.
  • 595

    St. Augustine travels to England

    St. Augustine travels to England
    Augustine of Canterbury was sent, along with other Roman monks, to England by the Pope to christianize an Anglo-Saxon king. His travels were slow, but when he reached the island in 597, the king allows himself to be turned. Augustine is credited with founding the Church of England, and was given sainthood.
  • Jan 1, 600

    Smallpox Arrives in Europe

    The disease smallpox reached Europe for the first time; before then, it was in Africa and Asia. Historians are not sure from where the disease came from. One theory is that the Antonine plague was a variation of smallpox, while the other common one is that Arab soldiers carried it to the south part of Europe, and it spread from there.
  • Jan 1, 600

    Two South American Cultures Begin to Decline

    Two South American Cultures Begin to Decline
    Over sixty years, the western coast of South America had been hit with great climate changes; droughts and flooding from El Nino both happened in that time span. The Moche and the Nazca cultures lived on the west coast, and could not fully recover from these natural disasters. Thus began their demise.
  • Jan 1, 610

    Muhammad sees the Angel Gabriel

    Muhammad sees the Angel Gabriel
    Muhammad often went to meditate in the caves of Mount Hira. On once such visit, in the year 610, he came back to Mecca, claiming the Angel Gabriel had visitied him and given him the Koran. He was unsure of what he saw, and kept his vision a secret that only him and his family knew.
  • Oct 4, 610

    Heraclius becomes Emporer of Eastern Rome

    Heraclius becomes Emporer of Eastern Rome
    Heraclius overthrew the then current Emporer Phocas, and took over the Eastern Roman Empire. His first decree was to change the official language from Latin to Greek, as it was the msot common language in the area. 610 is also where historians stop calling this region the Easter Roman Empire, and start calling it the Byzantine Empire.
  • Jan 1, 613

    Muhammad begins spreading Islam

    Muhammad begins spreading Islam
    Muhammad was wary to spread Islam when he first recieved the vision, but after a few years, he started taking his message public. He built up a small following of followers. They were often ridiculed though, for not following the traditional tribal ways.
  • Jan 1, 622

    Muhammad Emigrates to Medina

    Muhammad Emigrates to Medina
    Due to the persecution and other mistreatment, Muhammad sends his followers to the oasis of Medina. He later joins them in 622, and together, they build the first all Muslim city.
  • Mar 1, 624

    Battle of Badr

    Battle of Badr
    The Meccans were not pleased with the growing Muslim area, and decided to squash it. The first major battle in a series of skirmishes, the Battle of Badr, was won by the Muslims.
  • Mar 1, 625

    The Battle of Uhud

    The Battle of Uhud
    The second major battle between the Meccans and Muslims was lost by Muhammad and his followers.
  • Apr 1, 627

    The Seige of Medina

    The Meccans eventually managed to lay seige to the Muslim city of Medina. The seige was long and drawn out, but the Muslims out lasted the Meccans.
  • Dec 12, 627

    Battle of Nineveh

    The Byzantine Empire and the Sassanids (who followed the Persians) had been battling since 92 ACE. The final battle, the Battle of Nineveh, was the final one. The Romans had been gaining a long line of defeats over the Sassanids, and after winning this one Sassanids had given up. They overthrew their king, and placed in a new one that signed a treaty with the Byzantine Empire.
  • Mar 1, 628

    Muslim/Meccan Peace Treaty Signed

    The Muslims and the Meccans signed a peace treaty to end their fighting. This treaty also recognized the Muslims as a true group of people, and were allowed to live in Arabia.
  • Jan 1, 630

    Conquest of Mecca

    The Muslims had gained power over their years- which meant power was taken away from the Meccans. During their march to take over Mecca, the Muslims were joined by various tribes that agreed with their cause. When they reached Mecca, they took the city with out spilling blood. The Meccans realized they could not win the fight, and joined them.
  • Jan 1, 630

    Serbs and Croats Settle in the Balkans

    Emporer Heraclius is back again, this time inviting Serbs and Croats to settle in the Balkans. While this doesn't seem significant, Serbs and Croats came to hate each other, which provided grounds for conflict in later years.
  • Jun 8, 632

    Muhammad's Death

    Muhammad's Death
    Muhammad came down with a sickness for a few days, before pasing on at the age of sixty three.