220px mohammed receiving revelation from the angel gabriel

Muhammad Timeline

  • 555

    Birth of Khadijah

    Khadijah was born in 555. She was the daughter of Khuwaylid ibn Asad and Fatimah bint Za'idah. Later she inherited her father's wealth and business talents. She later earned three titles, Ameerat-Quraish (Princess of Quraish) and al-Tahira (the Pure One), and Khadija Al-Kubra (Khadija the Great).
  • 570

    Muhammad is Born

    Muhammad is Born
    Muhammad was born on April 26 in 570 in Makkah. He was born into a merchant family, and orphaned at 5 years old. Later in life he was a caravan manager.
  • Dec 1, 600

    Chichen Itza Built

    Chichen Itza Built
    Chichen Itza is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site built by the Maya civilization. It was built in the Northern center of the Yucatan Peninsula. In the Maya lowlands Chichen Itza was a major focal point, through the Early Postclassic Period.
  • Dec 1, 610

    Receiving of Revelations

    Receiving of Revelations
    Around the age of 40, it was believed that Muhammad started retreating to the hills to meditate. During one of these vistis, Muslims believe, Muhamad received revelations from God. These messages were given to him by the angel Gabriel. These teachings were later written down in the Quran.
  • Dec 1, 610

    Revolt against Heraclius

    This was a Jewish inurrection against the Byzantine Empire, to come to the aid of Persia. The revolt began with the Battle of Antioch. The revolt ended with departure of the Persian troops and an eventual surrender of Jewish rebels to Byzantines.
  • Dec 1, 613

    Starting of Teachings

    Three years after Muhammad recieved the revelations, he began his teachings. He proclaimed that "God is One", that complete "surrender" to Him is the only way acceptable to God, and that he himself was a prophet and messenger of God.
  • Dec 1, 617

    Meccan boycott of the Hashemites

    The leaders of Makhzum and Banu Abd-Shams declared a public boycott against the clan of Banu Hashim, according to tradition. Banu Hashim was their commercial rival. Their boycott terms included, "that no one should marry their women nor give women for them to marry; and that no one should either buy from them or sell to them, and when they agreed on that they wrote it in a deed."
  • Nov 30, 622

    Islamic Calendar

    This was the first year for the Islamic calendar, which is still in use today. It is also commonly known as the Hijri calendar. This calendar consists of 12 lunar months, and helps to determine which day to celebrate Islamic holy days and events.
  • Dec 1, 622

    Moving North to Yathrib

    Year 1 of the Islamic calendar, Muhammad and his supporters left Makkah and moved notrh to Yathrib, later named Madinah. This journey is known at Jijrah.
  • Dec 1, 622


    As Muhammad moved towards Madinah, there he won the support from people in Madinah. He also won the support from Arabs in the desert, these people were known as bedouin. These groups formed the first community of practicing Muslims.
  • Dec 1, 630

    Age of Islamic Expansion

    The Muslims were able to conquer Iraq, and would later invade Egypt.They were even able to bring Alexandria under control. At this time they also would begin the conquest of Syria.
  • Dec 1, 630

    Return to Makkah

    Return to Makkah
    Muhammad returned to Makkah with 10,000 men.The city surrendered, and most of the people were converted to Islam. Muhammad then declared the Kaaba a sacred shrine of Islam.
  • Dec 1, 632

    Muhammad's Death

    Just two years after his return to Makkah, and as Islam was spreading through the Arabian Peninsula, Muhammad died. This then encouraged all Muslims to make a pilgrimage to Makkah, known as hajj.
  • Tang Dynasty

    Tang Dynasty
    The Tang Dynasty begins in China in 618 and lasted nearly 300 years until 907. Early Tang rulers began their reign by instituting reforms, as rulers did in the early days of dynasties. They gave land to peasants and broke up the power of the owners of the large estates. Restored civil service examinations to serve as chief method of recruiting officials for civilian bureaucracy.
  • The Sui Dynasty

    The Sui Dynasty
    The Sui Dynasty began in 589 and preceeded the Tang Dynasty. The Sui Dynasty was founded by Emperor Wen of Sui. His reign helped reunite Northern and Southern China, it also saw the construction of the Grand Canal.
  • Marriage to Ayesha

    Muhammad was married to the very young Ayesha after the death of his first wife. She was only six or seven when she was betrothed to Muhammad, but was about nine when the marriage was consummated. Ayesha is often described as Muhammad's most beloved wife.