Islamic History Time Toast

By Ant3343
  • 570

    Birth of the Prophet

    Birth of the Prophet
    Birth of Muhammad
  • 570

    Year of the Elephant

    Year of the Elephant
    Invasion of Abyssinian army to Makka stopped by birds.
  • 570

    Abdullah -Muhammad's father dies

    Abdullah -Muhammad's father dies
    Muhammad's father dies
  • 572

    Muhammad's mother dies

    Muhammad's mother dies
    Muhammad's mother dies
  • 572

    Muhammad is raised by Abu Talib

    Muhammad is raised by Abu Talib
    Abu Talib, Muhammad's uncle raises him
  • 595

    Kadijah

    Kadijah
    Muhammad marries Khadijah, the daughter
    Khuwaylid ibn Asad ibn 'Abdul-'Uzza ibn Qusayi. Muhammad was 25 and Kadija was 40.
  • Jan 1, 610

    The first revelation

    The first revelation
    Muhammad is visited by the Angel Jibril (Gabriel).'
    The first verses of the Qur'an were revealed this day.
    Each year this event is celebrated as the "Night of Power."
  • Jan 1, 615

    Muslims seek refuge in Abyssinia

    Muslims seek refuge in Abyssinia
    To escape persecution Muhammad sends followers to Abyssinia where a Christian King provided refuge.
  • Jan 1, 620

    Mohammad becomes leader of the people of Yathrib

    Mohammad becomes leader of the people of Yathrib
    Mohammad converts the people of Yathrib to Islam and become their leader. The city would now be known as Madinat al-Nabi, (Madina).
  • Jan 1, 622

    Anno Hegira

    Anno Hegira
    Makkans attempt to assassinate Muhammad. Muhammad hid from the assassins in a cave.

    Muhammad continued to lead the people of Madina and Muslims who migrated to Madina.
    The Hira is the mark of the new lunar system of dating
  • Jan 1, 624

    Battle of Badr(624) , Uhud (625), & Ditch (627)

    Battle of Badr(624) , Uhud (625), & Ditch (627)
    The three battles between Jews and Muslims in Madina. The battles are Battle of Badr (624), Uhud (625) and Battle of the Ditch (627). Those who were treacherous towards Muslims were shown leniency. They were exiled rather than executed.
  • Jan 1, 631

    Muhammad's army defeats Makka

    Muhammad's army defeats Makka
    Makkans surrendered to Muhammad's army, and a Muslim government is established.
  • Jan 1, 632

    Death of Muhammad

    Death of Muhammad
    Following Muhammad's last Hajj, Muhammad dies.
    Abu Bakr is chosen as his successor.
  • Jan 1, 632

    Muhammad makes the final Hajj

    Muhammad makes the final Hajj
    Before his death, Muhammad made the Hajj one last time and gave the Farewell Sermon on the Plain of Arafat.
  • Jan 1, 634

    Sunni's chose Abu Bakr as Caliph

    Sunni's chose Abu Bakr as Caliph
    Following Muhammad's death, Sunni's choose Abu Bakr to lead the Muslims.
  • Jan 1, 650

    Caliph Uthman has the Qur'an written down.

    Caliph Uthman has the Qur'an written down.
    Caliph Uthman has the Qur'an written down.
    The number of followers of the Islamic religion continues to grow.
  • Jan 1, 656

    Uthman is murdered .Ali is chosen as Caliph.

    Uthman is murdered  .Ali is chosen as Caliph.
    Ali is chosen as the first rightful Caliph. He is the first Imam.
  • Jan 1, 661

    Ali is murdered.

    Ali is murdered.
    Ali is murdered.
  • Jan 1, 1096

    The First Crusade Begins

    The First Crusade Begins
    The crusaders first take the Turkish city of Nicaea. Their next target is Jerusalem.
  • Jul 1, 1099

    Crusaders seize Jerualem

    Crusaders seize Jerualem
    Seven days of slaughter ensued as Christian Crusaders killed anyone who was not Christian. When virtually everyone was dead, the crusaders took all the property of the Muslims.
  • Jan 1, 1147

    The Second Crusade

    The Second Crusade
    Arabs and Turks attack Jerusalem and Edessa. They were only able to secure Edessa. This angered the Christians, and thus the taking of Edessa marks the beginning of the second crusade.
  • Jan 1, 1187

    Saladin Battles King Richard I for Jerusalem

    Saladin Battles King Richard I for Jerusalem
    Saladin, ruler of Egypt wins the battle against King Richard I for Jerusalem.
  • Jan 1, 1189

    Frederick Barbarossa helps King Richard I

    Frederick Barbarossa helps King Richard I
    Frederick Barbarossa gathers over 150,000 soldiers to assist King Richard I. They attack the Holy Land and won two battles. Barbarossa drowns when trying to cross a fast moving river. His heavy armor made it too difficult to swim.
  • Jul 11, 1191

    The Third Crusade

    The Third Crusade
    King Richard I and King Philip II together try to take Jerusalem. However King Philip II must return to France due to illness, and his army did not wish to fight without their leader. This may be the reason why King Richard's army was not able to secure Jerusalem.
  • Jan 1, 1202

    The Fourth Crusade Begins

    The Fourth Crusade Begins
    The fourth Crusade begins when the crusaders attack the city of Zara for the Venetians.
  • Jun 1, 1203

    The army arrives at Constantinople

    The army arrives at Constantinople
    The crusaders are helped by the Venetians to conquer the city of Constantinople. Most of the city is burned, and the people living there are killed. Most of the city's treasures are destroyed.
  • Jun 1, 1217

    The Fifth Crusade begins

    The Fifth Crusade begins
    Under the command of Cardinal Pelagius the crusaders once again attempt to take Jerusalem.
  • Sep 8, 1221

    The Fifth Crusade Ends

    The Fifth Crusade Ends
    After four years of battle Cardinal Pelagius is unsuccessful in capturing Jerusalem. Cardinal Pelagius denied peace offerings and continued the crusade. He ultimately lost Jerusalem due to his greed.