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Muhammad 600-660

  • Dec 3, 600

    Christianity Introduced

    Christianity Introduced
    In 600, Christianity was introduced by a missionary from Rome, St. Augstine. Also Irish missionary spread a Celtic version of the religion to the mainland of Britain.
  • Dec 3, 605

    The Black Stone

    The Black Stone
    The Black Stone is an Islamic relic. In 605, the Black Stone was moved because of renovation to the Kaaba. Clan leaders couldn't agree upon who should have the honor of putting the ston back in its proper place. Muhammad came up with a solution to put the stone on a cloth and have the four clan leaders all take a corner. That way they all had an equal share in the glory of replacing the stone. Muhammad had the honor of placing the stone in its proper place in the Kaaba.
  • Dec 3, 610

    Gabriel's First Apperance

    Gabriel's First Apperance
    Muhammad made his usualy visit to Mount Hira where he meditated and the angel Gabriel appeared to him. From this time forward Gabriel would contiue to reveal God's word to Muhammad in order for him to go and tell other people.
  • Dec 3, 610

    East Roman Empire Overthrown

    East Roman Empire Overthrown
    Helraclius overthrows the East Roman Emperor, Phocas, at Constantinople. His first major act is changing the official language, Latin, to Greek. The empire from this point on was know as the Byzantine Empire.
  • Dec 3, 612

    The Slavs overun the Greeks

    The Slavs overun the Greeks
    When Rome fell, the Slavs were getting pressure from the Huns so they decided to relocate. Since this was a life-or-death situation they made their way south, conquering as they went.
  • Dec 3, 619

    Death of Loved Ones

    Death of Loved Ones
    In 619, Muhammad's uncle and wife both died. Muhammad's uncle was his only source of protection from the other clans who seeked to destroy him. His wife, Khadijah, was his first love and the year became know has the "year of sorrow".
  • Nov 30, 622

    Departure from Mecca

    Departure from Mecca
    In the year 622, Muhammad and this followers left his birthcity of Mecca. This marked year one on the Islamic calendar because this was a test of true faith for his followers. They were leaving their birthplace and their families. They left to escape the oppostion of the opposing clans.
  • Dec 3, 627

    The Siege Of Medina

    The Siege Of Medina
    In 627, the Mecccans decided to try and end the uprising of Islam. The Quraysh military leader Abu Sufyan had a force of 10,000 men while Muhammad only had a force of 3,000. Muhammad was able to turn the tide and ended up attacking his oppressors. The men of Abu Sufyan, who were still alive, all converted to Islam.
  • Dec 3, 630

    Conquest of Mecca

    Conquest of Mecca
    In 630, Muhammad decided to march on Mecca. Muhammad had a force of more than 10,000, after the Siege of Medina other religious groups decided to join him. Muhammad took control of Meccca and destroyed the false gods. Most people converted to Islam.
  • Jun 8, 632

    Muhammad's Death

    Muhammad's Death
    On June 8th, 632 Muhammad departed this world. He asked to be buried in a grave without any markers because he was afraid that people would come and worship his grave.
  • Dec 3, 632

    Islam after Muhammad's Death

    Islam after Muhammad's Death
    After Muhammad's death the Islamic society was fighting over who should take over his place as leader. Abu Bakr was choosen, his first task was to expand the empire. This, after many wars, lead to the Golden Age of Islam, which started in 750 and lasted until 1258.
  • Dec 3, 639

    The Plague of Emmaus--- in ALL seriousness

    The Plague of Emmaus--- in ALL seriousness
    In 639, the Plague of Emmaus breaks out in the town of Emmaus in Palestine. The plague was a possbile form of the bubonic plague. The epidemic is a famous one because it lead to the death of an estimated 25,000 people and also the deaths of several friends of Muhammad.
  • Feb 11, 641

    Byzantine Empire

    Byzantine Empire
    In the Byzantine Empire the Emperor Heraclius died. His two sons, Constantine the 3rd and Heracleonas, secceed him. Constantine dies a few months later, people suspect that he was poisoned by his brother. Ironically, Constantine's son becomes the next emperor.
  • Dec 3, 642

    Arabs Conquer Egypt

    Arabs Conquer Egypt
    In 642, forces under the command of Amir ibn al-As attacked and conquered Egypt. Under the terms arranged by the Patriach of Alexandria, Egypt surrendered. People would be able to keep their religion as long as they made payments of a tribute.
  • Dec 3, 650

    Islamic Slave Trade

    Islamic Slave Trade
    In the time period of 650 to 1600, the Islamic slave trade was said to of had an estimated number of 7.25 million slaves. There were atleast 5,000 slaves per year being sold. The slaves were all from Africa because Islamic law pervented the taking of Islamic slaves.
  • Dec 3, 650

    Islam in China

    Islam in China
    In 650, The thrid Caliph of Islam, Uthman ibn Affan, sent a delegation to China in hopes that they would embrace the Islamic religion. The Chinese Emperor, Yung-Wei, built a mosque to show his admiration. The mosque is know as the "memorial mosque" and is still standing to this very day.