Muhammad's life

By kmss
  • 570

    Muhammad is born

    Muhammad is born in Mecca in around 570 CE to a family, which was part of the Banu Hasim tribe.
  • 576

    Early life

    Muhammad was sent by the surviving members of his family to live with a nomadic Bedouin family.
  • Period: 580 to 594

    Journeys through the Middle East

    Muhammad accompanied his uncle on many different trading journeys between Arabia and Syria.
  • 595


    Muhammad married a wealthy widow called Khadijah. He had worked for her previously.
  • 605

    Return to Mecca

    Muhamad returned to Mecca to act as a peacemaker between the leaders of the city. There he noticed that many of the town's most powerful citizens were beginning to ignore the poor of the city.
  • 610

    Encounter with archangel Gabriel

    Muhammad began to travel to a cave north of Mecca, where, Muslims believe, he was visited by the angel Gabriel who told him to begin speaking in the name of one god.
  • 613

    Ideas start spreading

    In this year Muhammad started publicly sharing his message, that there was just one god (Allah) with the people of Mecca. His ideas started spreading in the lower sections of society.
  • 617

    617: Attempt to stop Muhammad

    In 617 Mecca's leaders stopped trading with the members of his tribe, in an attempt to withdraw Muhammad's protection. This attempt failed but they put their plans to a halt.
  • 619

    A bad year in the life of Muhammad

    Both Muhammad's wife and his uncle died in this year. Furthermore, the next leader of the tribe, who was bitterly opposed to the new Muslim community, withdrew his protection.
  • 621

    From Mecca to Medina

    In 621 an agreement between Muhammad and the leaders of the city of Medina for the Muslim community to move there. The town already had a small Muslim as well as Christian and Jewish communities.
  • 622


    In 622 the journey known to Muslims as the Hegira started. Muhammad's followers started leaving the city of Mecca to reach Medina. When leaving Mecca, they were attacked by the leaders of the city. Many Muslims had to leave their possessions in Mecca and were therefore forced into poverty. This event became the first year in the new Islamic calendar.
  • Period: 624 to 625

    War (for the faith of Islam) 1

    In March of 624, the Muslims wanted to do something they often did since moving to Medina: raid a Meccan caravan. This time though, they were ambushed by Meccans, which outnumbered them by three to one. Still, they managed to win and took many prisoners.
    This was seen as a confirmation of their faith for Muhammad and his followers. Islam had started attracting many converts.
  • Period: 624 to 625

    War (for faith of Islam) 2

    One year after the first battle, the Meccans responded sending an army of 3000 men to fight the Muslims. This time they won but retreated too early thinking Muhammad was already dead.
    After recovering, Muhammad started many campaigns against those tribes, which had fought against him. These often ended with massacres of those refusing to convert to Islam.
  • 627

    An unclever move

    The Meccans sent 10000 men to capture Medina. Because Muhammad's men had dug trenches around the city, the Meccans weren't able to capture Medina. This resulted in a big loss of support in the population as well as trade.
  • 628

    The peace treaty

    In 628 a contract between Muhammad and the leaders of Mecca was signed to allow Muslims to visit Mecca and the Kaaba shrine.
  • 629

    The peace treaty is cancelled

    After a tribe allied with Mecca attacked one allied with the Muslims Muhammad sent a letter telling Mecca's leaders to either pay compensation to the families of those killed, cancel their alliances or to declare the peace treaty was no longer in operation. Mecca's leaders declared the peace treaty was cancelled.
  • 629

    The fall of Mecca to the Muslims

    After being informed the peace treaty was cancelled, Muhammad assembled an army of 10000 men to march towards Mecca.
    In December, the Muslims entered Mecca and destroyed many Arabian statues of their gods. As a consequence, many converted to Islam.
  • Period: 629 to 632

    Where did Islam spread?

    After the conquest of Mecca, Islam was spread through northern and western Arabia by Muhammad. This forced many tribes to convert to Islam.
  • 632

    The final journey

    On his last journey to Mecca, in February 632 Muhammad tried to convince the members of the Muslim community to see themselves as one big group rather than as members of the many different tribes of Arabia during his speech on Mount Arafat.
  • Jun 8, 632

    Muhammad's death

    In Medina, on 8th June 632, Muhammad suddenly fell and died.
    Then, the life of one of the greatest leaders through history died. His work has and will however still remained an important part of our world for many centuries.