Muhammad041

Mahummad - The Father of Islam

  • 569

    Muhammad's father, Abdullah, dies

    Muhammad's father, Abdullah, dies
  • 570

    Mahummad's Birth

    Mahummad's Birth
    Muhammad was born in Mcca in 570 A.D. His birth is believed to be in the month of Rabi' al-awwal.
  • Period: 570 to Jun 8, 632

    Muhammad's Life-Span

    Muhammad has had a truly remarkable life, from his birth, to his rumored encounter with God (Allah), to inventing the Islamic faith, to his death.
  • 576

    Muhammad's Mother dies

    Muhammad's Mother dies
  • 578

    Muhammad in Mecca in Care of an Uncle

     	Muhammad in Mecca in Care of an Uncle
    Upon his grandfather's death in 578, Muhammad, aged about eight, passed into the care of a paternal uncle, Abu Talib. Muhammad grew up in the older man's home and remained under Abu Talib's protection for many years. Chroniclers have underscored Muhammad's disrupted childhood. So does the Qur'an: "Did God not find you an orphan and give you shelter and care? And He found you wandering, and gave you guidance. And he found you in need, and made you independent" (93:6-8).
  • 594

    Muhammad Acts as Caravan Agent for Wealthy Tradeswoman, Khadija

    Muhammad Acts as Caravan Agent for Wealthy Tradeswoman, Khadija
    In his early twenties, Muhammad entered the service of a wealthy Meccan merchant, a widow named Khadija bint Khawalayd. The two were distant cousins. Muhammad carried her goods to the north and returned with a profit.
  • Jan 1, 610

    Muhammad Receives First Revelation

     	Muhammad Receives First Revelation
    Mecca's new materialism and its traditional idolatry disturbed Muhammad. He began making long retreats to a mountain cave outside town. There, he fasted and meditated. On one occasion, after a number of indistinct visionary experiences, Muhammad was visited by an overpowering presence and instructed to recite words of such beauty and force that he and others gradually attributed them to God. This experience shook Muhammad to the core. It was several years before he dared to talk about it outside
  • Nov 18, 613

    Muhammad Takes his Message Public

     	Muhammad Takes his Message Public
    After several similar experiences, Muhammad finally began to reveal the messages he was receiving to his tribe. These were gathered verse by verse and later would become the Qur'an, Islam's sacred scripture. In the next decade, Muhammad and his followers were first belittled and ridiculed, then persecuted and physically attacked for departing from traditional Mecca's tribal ways. Muhammad's message was resolutely monotheistic. For several years, the the Quraysh, Mecca's dominant tribe, levied a
  • Nov 18, 622

    Muhammad and the Muslims Emigrate to Medina

    Muhammad and the Muslims Emigrate to Medina
    In 622, Muhammad and his few hundred followers left Mecca and traveled to Yathrib, the oasis town where his father was buried. The leaders there were suffering through a vicious civil war, and they had invited this man well known for his wisdom to act as their mediator. Yathrib soon became known as Medina, the City of the Prophet. Muhammad remained here for the next six years, building the first Muslim community and gradually gathering more and more people to his side.
  • Nov 18, 630

    The Conquest of Mecca

    The Conquest of Mecca
    By now, the balance of power had shifted radically away from once-powerful Mecca, toward Muhammad and the Muslims. In January, 630, they marched on Mecca and were joined by tribe after tribe along the way. They entered Mecca without bloodshed and the Meccans, seeing the tide had turned, joined them.
  • Nov 18, 632

    Muhammad's Final Years

    Muhammad's Final Years
    Muhammad returned to live in Medina. In the next three years, he consolidated most of the Arabian Peninsula under Islam. In March, 632, he returned to Mecca one last time to perform a pilgrimage, and tens of thousands of Muslims joined him. After the pilgrimage, he returned to Medina. Three months later on June 8, 632 he died there, after a brief illness. He is buried in the mosque in Medina. Within a hundred years Muhammad's teaching and way of life had spread from the remote corners of Arabia