Modern China Timeline

  • Period: to

    Modern China

  • 1st Opium War

    1st Opium War
    Great Britain was sending China a highly addictive and dangerous drug called opium. The Chinese tryed to convince Great Britain to cancel their imports, but that just angered the queen, who sent her troops to China causing, and winning, the first opium war.
  • Sino-Japanese War

    Sino-Japanese War
    The Sino-Japanese War was a war between China and Japan for the Koreas. Japan had come out of isolation and was quickly modernizing, and turning to imperialism to gain much needed resources. They had their eyes set on Korea but neede to get China away because they, too had influence in Korea. Japan easily won the war.
  • Boxer Rebellion

    Boxer Rebellion
    Forgein diplomats entered China, and neither the people or Emprees Ci Xi liked that. A group of Chinese people formed a group that went against the forgeiners. The forgeiners gave them the name of boxers. They attacked forgein diplomats in the street, and did whatever they could to try to push them out of their country. Emperess Ci Xi loved that the Boxers were fighting and ambushing the forgeiners, so she didn't have to send in her own troops and anger any other countries.
  • Open Door Policy

    Open Door Policy
    The Open Door Policy allowed all the countries who had colonies set up in China to trade within the colonies that they did not own. This boosted the conolizers' economy, but that put much more forgein influence over China.
  • Communist Party Organized

    Communist Party Organized
    The Communist Party leader was Mao Zedong, and his main goal was to rule over China, and create a true communist nation, where everyone was in one class.
  • The Long March

    The Long March
    The Long March was a journey of the Communist party to escape the Natoionalist army.
  • Nationalists Flee to Taiwan/Mao Controls Communist China

    Nationalists Flee to Taiwan/Mao Controls Communist China
    Before World War II, the Nationalist Party mostly had contol of China, but the Nationalists and Communists had to join together to fight Japan during the war. Afterwards, they had a war between themselves to win control of China, and the Communists won, so the Nationalists fled to Taiwan.
  • The Great Leap Forward Begins

    The Great Leap Forward Begins
    The Great Leap Forward was Mao Zedong's attempt to modernize the economy and agriculture of China. Sadly, though, it turned out to be the Great Leap Backwards for China, because Mao's revolutionary plan ended up causing a great famine, where millions of people died.
  • Cultural Revolution

    Cultural Revolution
    The Cultural Revolution was a way for Mao to regain his power after his failure if The Great Leap Forward. His message that he spread all across China was to get rid of anything old and that the goal is to have everyone and everything, truly communist. He recruted young and eager people as his "Red Gaurds" and they went around attacking and humiliating anyone who was wealthy, or had wealth in their past.
  • U.S. President Nixon visits China

    U.S. President Nixon visits China
    In 1972, U.S. President Nixon visited China with hopes to strengthn the two countries political relationship. He was the first U.S. president to visit China and exposed Americans more to China.
  • Mao dies as well as the Cultural Revolution

    Mao dies as well as the Cultural Revolution
    Mao Zedong died of natural causes on September 9, 1976 after being in crucial condition from a haeart attack and being put on life support. His death ended the Cultural Revolution and the young Red Gaurds lost their power.
  • Tiananmen Square Massacre

    Tiananmen Square Massacre
    After the death of the General Party Secretary, Hu Yaobang, students gathered in Tiananmen Square and officials sent an army to clear the square, which led to a major massacre the caused many countries to put sanctions on China.