Modern Asia timeline

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    Warlord Era LONG TERM Politics and Economy

    The warlords terrorized China throughout the rise of the CCP. All the previous internal conflict in China had left it in the hands of the warlords who all controlled territories and terrorized peasants. The peasants were desperate for change, and when the CCP was created, its first goal was to eliminate the warlords that plagued the countryside, so peasants were drawn to Communism from the start.
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    Mao Zedong Continued...

    This timespan is long term because throughout the rise of the Communist Mao Zedong was a leader who made many contributions to the success of the whole party.
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    Mao Zedong's Leadership LONG TERM Nationalism

    From the start of the CCP, Mao was a prominent figure. His leadership during the Northern Expedition created success for the CCP. He was even able to build the CCP back up multiple times after the nationalists tried to bring it down during the Shanghai Purge, and the Fifth Encirclement Campaign. Mao was a great leader, and his speeches made people become Communists. In Drain the Pond to Catch the Fish, Wang reminisces that, "she was really fired up by Mao's conclusion"(13).
  • The First United Front Goes on the Northern Expedition SHORT TERM Politics and Economy

    It's short term because it didn't last long. With Mao as a leader, it was very successful and was able to eradicate many warlords across China giving the CCP a positive image to peasants who wanted change. In Drain the Pond to Catch the Fish, Wang describes the Red Army coming to her house and saying, "Why do the landlord's have so much land and you have none?" (10). The Northern Expedition alleviated some of the misery that China was facing because of the landlords.
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    Jiangxi Soviet SHORT TERM Politics and Economy

    It's Short term because the Soviet only recruited more people for a short time. The Jiangxi Soviet was the largest CCP base that reformed after the Shanghai purge. It recruited many people in Jiangxi to fight for the communists. Mao stressed that Communist recruitors meet certain quotas of recruits because they were about to be wiped out by nationalists. For example Wang remembers having, "a quota of 4,000 for Ganxi" (Drain the Pond to Catch the Fish).
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    Jiangxi Soviet continued...

    Without the formation of the Jiangxi Soviet, the communist party may have been completely destroyed by the nationalists after the Shanghai Purge.
  • The Fifth Encircelment Campaign SHORT TERM Nationalism

    It's short term because it was a cause of the Long March which was crucial for the CCP's growth.The campaign attempted to stop all the resources going into the Jiangxi Soviet so that the CCP would get wiped out. However, it led to the CCP breaking free of the campaign which was ultimately necessary for the CCP's growth and survival. It forced the CCP to travel north to Ya'nan where they fought the Japanese and gained many supporters as well.
  • Long March LONG TERM Nationalism

    It's long term because it was able to spread communism all over China making it more well-known. The Jiangxi Soviet went on the march to evade the nationalists. Along the way in all the villages they went to, Mao instructed that the communists needed to, "Speak politely," (Eight Main points for Attention) when passing through villages. Not only did the march raise awareness, but it also gave communists a positive reputation to the villages because they were polite.
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    Maoism LONG TERM Politics and Economy

    It's a long term cause because Mao was such a strong leader that he was able to make the CCP more appealing to peasants in many different ways. He editted Marx's Communism to focus more on land reform and nationalism (C1644) which made more peasants want to join the party. Mao explains that the party will certainly, "Confiscate the land of the landlords and distribute it" (Mao Japanese Resistance).
  • Nanjing Massacre SHORT TERM Nationalism

    It is short term because it created a stronger desire in peasants to fight against Japan which made people turn to the CCP. The Nanjing Massacre killed an estimated 250,000 people (C1644). This massacre lead many people to join the CCP because it was more focused on fighting Japan than the Guomindang were. Mao explains his goals, ending with, "Such are economic relations...which a China fighting Japanese agression... will establish" (Mao Japanese Resistence). Mao is focused on fighting Japan.
  • Yan'an Soviet Fights Japan SHORT TERM Nationalism

    It is short term because it gained more support from the peasants and all the people in China who wanted to focus on fighting the Japanese. The Yan'an Soviet began fighting the Japanese north of them using Guerilla tactics which were successful. Additionally, the guomindang made many attempts to attack the CCP instead of focusing on the more imminent threat of Japan which gained the CCP many supporters who thought that the most important thing at the moment was fighting Japan.