Mauricio Guzman's Indian Independence Timeline

Timeline created by wichonator97
In History
  • The Sepoys begin their rebellion.

    The Sepoys begin their rebellion.
    They marched to Delhi, where they were joined by Indian soldiers stationed there. They captured the city of Delhi. From Delhi, the rebellion spread to northern and central India.
  • British Empire now had control over all of India called a "Raj"

    British Empire now had control over all of India called a "Raj"
    They also promised that the Indian states that were still free would remain independent. Unofficially, however, Britain won greater and greater control of those states.
  • Hindu Indian National Congress, or Congress Party was created

    Hindu Indian National Congress, or Congress Party was created
    By the early 1900s, however, they were calling for self-government.
  • The Muslim league was founded. Part of a nationalist group.

    The Muslim league was founded. Part of a nationalist group.
  • Indian soldiers returned from the war.

    Indian soldiers returned from the war.
    They expected Britain to fulfill its promise. Instead, they were once again treated as second-class citizens.
  • The British passed the Rowlatt Acts

    The British passed the Rowlatt Acts
    They protested and 10,000 Hindus and Muslims came together to Amritsar a major city.
  • Greek soldiers invaded Turkey and threatened to conquer it.

    Greek soldiers invaded Turkey and threatened to conquer it.
  • The Amritsar Massacre took place in the spring. 400 Indians died.

    The Amritsar Massacre took place in the spring. 400 Indians died.
    To protest the Rowlatt Acts, around 10,000 Hindus and Muslims flocked to Amritsar. Most people at the gathering were unaware that the British government had banned public meetings. However, the British commander at Amritsar believed they were openly defying the ban. He ordered his troops to fire on the crowd without warning.
  • Congress Party and Mahatma Gandhi endorsed civil disobedience.

    Congress Party and Mahatma Gandhi endorsed civil disobedience.
    British arrested many Indians who participated in strikes and demonstrations.
  • Gandhi was sentenced to six years in prison.

    Gandhi was sentenced to six years in prison.
    He was arrested and accused of sedition.
  • Mohandas K. Ghandi organized the Salt March.

    Mohandas K. Ghandi organized the Salt March.
    Gandhi organized a demonstration to defy the hated Salt Acts. According to these British laws, Indians could buy salt from no other source but the government. They also had to pay sales tax on salt. To show their opposition, Gandhi and his followers walked about 240 miles to the seacoast. There they began to make their own salt by collecting seawater and letting it evaporate.
  • Gandhi publishes the Declaration of Independence of India.

    Gandhi publishes the Declaration of Independence of India.
  • Gandhi is arrested for violating the Salt Laws

    Gandhi is arrested for violating the Salt Laws
    non-cooperation movements break out across India.
  • Ghandi fasts in prison to protest the treatment of untouchables.

    Ghandi fasts in prison to protest the treatment of untouchables.
    Untouchables are the lowert class of indians.
  • The British Parliament passed the Government of India Act.

    The British Parliament passed the Government of India Act.
    It provided local self-government and limited democratic elections, but not total independence.
  • 10 million people were on the move in the Indian subcontinent.

    10 million people were on the move in the Indian subcontinent.
    As people scrambled to relocate, violence among the different religious groups erupted. Muslims killed Sikhs who were moving into India. Hindus and Sikhs killed Muslims who were headed into
    Pakistan.
  • The British House of Commons passed an act that granted two nations, India and Pakistan

    The British House of Commons passed an act that granted two nations, India and Pakistan
    In that short period, more than 500 independent native princes had to decide which nation they would join. The administration of the courts, the military, the railways, and the police—the whole of the civil service—had to be divided down to the last paper clip. Most difficult of all, millions of Indian citizens—Hindus, Muslims, and yet another significant religious group, the Sikhs—had to decide where to go.
  • India became theworld’s largest democracy.

    India became theworld’s largest democracy.
  • A Hindu extremist who thought Gandhi too protective of Muslims shot and killed him

    A Hindu extremist who thought Gandhi too protective of Muslims shot and killed him
    Gandhi personally went to the Indian capital of Delhi to plead for fair treatment of Muslim refugees. While there, he himself became a victim of the nation’s violence.