Matt's Civil Rights Timeline

  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    One of the first court cases on segregation. Started when Homer Plessy was sitting on a white section of a train even though he was black. Emphasized "separate but equal." as a result of the case.
  • Brown vs. Board of Education

    YouTube VideoAnother major court case based on segregation. Focused on the segregation of schools. Led by Thurgood Marshall, this case ended segregation of schools but it still happened.
  • Death of Emmett Till

    Death of Emmett Till
    14 year old boy who got murdered because he talked to a white girl. His mother Mamie Till Bradley opted for an open casket so that the world could see the tragedy. Mose Wright testified and pointed at the two white men who killed him, deeming him a hero.
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott

    Montgomery Bus Boycott
    Boycott started when Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her seat. Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. lead the boycott and used ideas based on Ghandi. Boycott worked because Supreme Court found the segregation to be unconstitutional.
  • Little Rock Nine

    Little Rock Nine
    Nine students in Little Rock Arkansas who attended the first integrated school. Governor Faubus tried to prevent the students from entering the school by sending the Arkansas National Guard. President Eisenhower countered by sending U.S. Army paratroopers to protect the students. The students were bullied, harrassed and stalked.
  • Tennessee Sit-ins

    Protesting against segregation in public facillities such as restaurants. These students role played beforehand so they could get used to the abuse. The students were thrown insults at them and some got arrested due to not moving to the colored section.
  • Albany, Georgia Movement

    Wanted to end segregation in Albany, Georgia. Martin Luther King Jr. was involved with the movement. It was unsuccessful due it it not being in favor with local officials.
  • Birmingham, Alabama Movements

    Tried to create interest on the tensions of race in Birmingham. Protests started peaceful, but got more violent later on. It was a victory because the city removed the white only and colored only signs and stoppd segregation in the city.
  • Death of Medgar Evers

    Death of Medgar Evers
    Medgar Evers was the first field secretary for the NAACP in Mississippi. Became a target to those who opposed desegregation. Was killed by a gun shot in the back of his head.
  • March on Washington

    March on Washington
    Large movement that occured in Washington DC. Martin Luther King delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. Speech was focused on equality and racial justice.
  • Freedom Summer

    An approach to get more blacks to vote. Needed more blacks to win the vote because Mississippi had the lowest African American voter registration. Failed due to the slowness of federal protection.
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Outlawed segregation based on race and ethnicity. This act was first proposed by JFK but was signed by Lyndon Baines Johnson. Helped African Americans by giving them the same rights that white people had.
  • Selma to Montgomery March

    Selma to Montgomery March
    A march that was led by Martin Luther King Jr. Started in Selma, Alabama to Montgomery, Alabama. Tried to bring more exposure to the problems that black voters faced.
  • Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

    Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
    Assassinated when he was standing at a second story balcony when a sniper shot him in the neck. Assassin was known as James Earl Ray. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1968 as a result.
  • Death of Rosa Parks

    Rosa Parks died at 92 due to natural causes. 50,000 people attended to see her casket. Chapel was renamed to Rosa L. Parks freedom chapel due to her accomplisments.