Making of a Nation

  • Cook discovers NSW

    Captain James Cook claimed the whole East Coast of Australia for Britain naming it NSW
  • The first Fleet lands

    The First Fleet lands in Port Jackson, Australia from Portsmouth, England, and establishes the English penal colony of New South Wales – the first European settlement in Australia.
  • Foundation of Sydney

    Sydney was founded in 1788 when the first fleet arrived in Australia from England.
  • 5 of 6 ships of the beleaguered Second Fleet arrived.

    5 of 6 ships of the beleaguered Second Fleet arrived. The colony was gripped my a food crisis.
  • crossed the Blue Mountains

    The area begins on the west side of the Nepean River and extends westward as far as Coxs River.
  • A penal colony was founded at Moreton Bay, now the city of Brisbane

  • The whole of Australia was claimed as British territory.

    In 1770 Captain James Cook of England claimed the East coast of Australia for British Crown but it wasn't until 1829 that all of Australia was claimed as British territory (after the colony of Western Australia was established at Perth by Captain James Stirling)
  • Sturt arrived at Goolwa, having charted the Murray River.

    On November 3, 1829 Sturt left Sydney to assume command of the expedition that eventually turned itself into the famous Murray River Voyage. Sturt was an ideal leader.
  • South Australia was founded

    Because the Commissioners were not able to appoint the colonial officers and surveyors until the South Australian Act became law - 19th February 1836 - the South Australian Company was able to organise its ships first.
  • Copper was discovered at Kapunda in South Australia.

    Kapunda is a town on the Light River and near the Barossa Valley in South Australia. It was established after a discovery in 1842 of significant copper deposits.
  • The gold rush begins near Bathurst in NSW

    The Australian gold rushes were a period of significant migration of workers, both more locally and from overseas, to areas which had discoveries of gold deposits. There were many discoveries of gold in Australia (in the then colonies of New South Wales and, to a lesser extent, South Australia) prior to 1851, but it is only the discoveries from 1851 onwards which created gold rushes.
  • Britain extended self rules to colonies

    Britain extended self rule to colonies
  • Male sufrage ganted

    (VIC) Male suffrage Granted
  • The last convicts were transported to Australia.

    By 1871 the total population had nearly quadrupled from 430,000 to 1.7 million people. The last convicts to be transported to Australia arrived in Western Australia in 1868.
  • Ayers rock is first sited by Europeans.

    Ayers rock is first sited by Europeans.
  • Australian Cricket team defeats England and the 'Ashes' are born

    The Ashes is a Test cricket series played between England and Australia since 1882. It is one of the most celebrated rivalries in international sport and is currently played biennially, alternately in England and Australia.
  • Tasmania proclaimed a state.

    Launceston, Tasmania is proclaimed a state.
  • First Premier in Australia

    Sir John Forrest becomes the Premier of Western Australia and the first Premier in Australia.
  • Equal women Franchise

    South Australia is the first colony to give women equal franchise with men.
  • WA finally accepts federation

    WA becomes the last colony to accept federation
  • Constitution of Australia

    The Constitution of Australia comes into force, as the federation of Australia is complete. John Adrian Louis Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun, is appointed as the first Governor-General, and Edmund Barton as the first Prime Minister.
  • Australian Troops fight in the world war 1

    The First World War began when Britain and Germany went to war in August 1914, and Prime Minister Andrew Fisher's government pledged full support for Britain. The outbreak of war was greeted in Australia, as in many other places, with great enthusiasm.
  • The first federal parliament is held in Canberra.

    Federal Parliament meetings were first held in Melbourne until 1927.