Making Of A Nation

  • Captain James Cook lands on Australia and claims it for Britain

    Captain James Cook, set out in the "Endeavour" in 1768, bound for Tahiti, to make observations of the planet Venus. His orders, however, also provided for charting the coasts of New Zealand and searching for "the Great South Land".
    Leaving New Zealand in March, 1770, Cook sighted the south-east coast of Australia a few weeks later.
  • Crossed The Blue Mountains

    Due to the rough terrain and lack of resources, the Blue Mountains were seen as an impassible barrier for future exploration from the time of Captain Cook’s landing in 1770 through to 1813.
  • South Australia Founded

    The state's origins are unique in Australia as a freely settled, planned British province, rather than as a convict settlement. Official settlement began on 28 December 1836, when the colony was proclaimed at The Old Gum Tree by Governor John Hindmarsh.
  • Myall Creek Massacre

    Myall Creek Massacre involved the killing of up to 30 unarmed Australian Aboriginals on 10 June 1838 at the Myall Creek near Bingara in northern New South Wales.
  • The gold rush begins near Bathurst in New South Wales

    The international rush towards Australia's fledgling gold fields brought 370 000 migrants to Australia in its first year and would greatly alter the social and economic fabric of New South Wales.
  • Woman Can Vote In SA

    From the turn of the 20th century, women have participated in voting in Australia. Following federation, the government of the newly formed Commonwealth of Australia passed the Commonwealth Franchise Act 1902 allowing most women to both vote and stand in the federal election of 1903.
  • Britain extended self rule to colonies

    The role of the first Governor of New South Wales was appointed to Captain Arthur Phillip, by the British Minister for the Colonies, Lord Sydney. Initially, Governor Phillip was to receive instructions from Lord Sydney. It took seven months for communication to reach New South Wales from England and so a lack of instructions essentially granted him complete power.
  • (VIC) Male Sufferage Granted

    Seffuerage refers to the right to vote. For people living in Australia, including all its six component states (colonies) and territories, as well as local councils. The colonies of Australia began to grant universal male suffrage during the 1850s and women's suffrage followed from the 1890s onward.
  • The Last Convicts Were Transported to Australia

    When the last shipment of convicts disembarked in Western Australia in 1868, the total number of transported convicts stood at around 162,000 men and women. They were transported here on 806 ships.
  • The last full blooded Tasmanian aboriginal, Truganini, dies.

    Truganini was born in 1812 on Bruny Island, south of the Tasmanian capital Hobart, and separated from the Tasmanian mainland by the D'Entrecasteaux Channel.
  • Capture of Ned Kelly

    Edward "Ned" Kelly was an Irish Australian bushranger. He is considered by some to be merely a cold-blooded killer, while others consider him to be a folk hero and symbol of Irish Australian resistance against the Anglo-Australian ruling class.
  • Australian cricket team defeats England and the 'Ashes' are born

    The Ashes is a Test cricket series played between England and Australia since 1882. The series is named after a satirical obituary published in a British newspaper, The Sporting Times, in 1882 after a match at The Oval in which Australia beat England, The obituary stated that English cricket had died, and the body willbe cremated and the ashes taken to Australia
  • Ausralian Labour Party Founded

    The Australian Labor Party is Australia’s oldest political party.It was formed in the 1890s and was represented in the first Federal Parliament elected in 1901, And is the only party to have survived since that time.
  • The Great Strikes

    The 1891 shearers' strike is one of Australia's earliest and most important industrial disputes.
    The dispute was primarily between unionised and non-unionised wool workers. It resulted in the formation of large camps of striking workers, and minor instances of sabotage and violence on both sides
  • Australia Becama A Federation

    The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia formed one nation.
  • The Australian Flag was Flown

    The Australian National Flag is Australia’s foremost national symbol. It was first flown in 1901 and has become an expression of Australian identity and pride.The Australian National Flag flies over the federal and state parliaments. The flag is paraded by our defence forces and displayed around the country at sporting events and by service organisations, schools, community groups and private citizens.
  • End of WW1

    World War 1 was a global war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. It was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until the start of World War II in 1939, and the First World War or World War 1 thereafter.