Making of a nation

  • The first fleet

    Between 1778 and 1850, 806 ships of convicts were shipped to Australia from England. The first 11 of these ships are now known as “The First Fleet”. The fleet consisted of three store ships, six convict ships, two men o-war ships with a total of 756 convicts
  • Crossed the blue mountains

    Attempts to cross the mountains lying to the west of Sydney had been made from 1790, by convicts seeking a way of escape and adventurers keen to explore the region. Most tried to follow the rivers upstream only to be stopped by rapids or sheer cliffs. Others became lost in deep gorges or were forced to turn back by the thick scrub.
  • south australia founded

    In 1834, the British Parliament passed the South Australia Act 1834 (Foundation Act), which enabled the province of South Australia to be established.
  • Melbourne founded

    Melbourne was founded in the reign of King William IV, on 30th of August 1835. No one can claim that they founded Melbourne. However, important people that contributed to the founding of Melbourne are: John Batman, John Fawkner, John Lancey, William Buckley and Charles Grimes.
  • South australia formed a government

  • Britain extended self rule to colonies

    From 1856 the organisation of the public service was embodied in a series of Acts which gave overall responsibility for the newly-formed departments to the Governor and Executive Council. The staff of these organisations are known as Public Servants.
  • Van Diemen’s Land changed name to Tasmania

    The Dutch explorer, Abel Tasman, was the first European to discover Tasmania and named it Anthoonij van Diemenslandt in the name of Anthony van Diemen. In 1803, Van Diemen’s Land became a penal colony of the British. In 1824, Van Diemen’s Land became a colony with its own rights. In 1856, Van Diemen’s Land achieved self-government with its own government and was named Tasmania in honour of Abel Tasman.
  • Male suffrage granted

    In November 1857, male suffrage was achieved in Victoria with the ending of the property qualification for Lower House elections.
  • The first game of AFL played

    In 1858 cricketers Thomas Wills and his cousin, Henry Harrison, and two others W.J Hammersley and J.B Thompson, invented the game to keep themselves fit during winter. Even though the game was invented so long ago, it is still a major part of Australian culture. Thousands of people watch the games every week.
  • First Melbourne cup public holiday

    Since 1877, Melbourne cup has been a public holiday in Melbourne. On the first day of races the Flemington grandstand was fully with its total capacity of 7,000 by 11am.
  • Ned Kelly hanged

    Edward (Ned) Kelly is Australia’s own Robin Hood. He was a ranger of the Australian outback, sentenced to jail many times. One of which was a 3 year sentence for receiving a stolen horse that he had no idea was stolen. On June 27th 1880, the Kelly gang attacked Glenrowan, they forced the railway workers to rip up the line and cut all the telegraph wires. Many hostages were taken during the day. By the end of the day a massive fight had occurred. Resulting in three of the gang members killed, an
  • Australian cricket team defeats England and the 'ashes' are born

    One of the worlds greatest rivalries, the ashes were born out of a cricket test match competition between Englan and Australia since 1882.
  • The australian labor party founded

    A new political party was established in 1891 to promote the interests of workers in the colonial parliments. Among the early achievements of the Australian Labor Party were laws that extended the right to work an eight-hour day to most australian workers.
  • The great strikes

    1890's, Australian workers started to strike and formed picket lines at the lack of employment opportunities as well as the erosion of pay and coditions. These strikes showed trade unions that strike action could not guarntee improvements in working conditions.
  • Women granted the right to vote

    1894, woman granted suffrage, whitch enabled them to vote and stand for election for the federal parliament. This gave way to discrimination based on gender, opening up the rights for federal election Australia.
  • Australia bebecame a fediration

    1901, Federation, Britain grants permission for the Australian colonies to federate. All australian colonies agree to come under the same governing body and federation occurs forming one nation. At their states, but they now have a federal body that responsible for matters concering the whole nation.
  • Australia sends Women to the Olympics for the first time

    Swimming was introduced as an event for women in 1912 at the Stockholm Olympics. Before then, women were not allowed to be Olympians. Fanny Durack and Mina Wylie were the first Australian women to compete in the Olympics – 1912. They won a silver and gold medal in 100m freestyle swimming.
  • WWI started

    WWI began when Britain and Germany went to war in August 1918. With a population of only 5 million, 146809 men enlisted, 60,000 men died and 156,000 men were wounded.
  • WWI ceasefired

    WWI stoped fighting and became allies.
  • WA becomes the last colony to accept federation

    successful referendums were carried out in WA in 1900. After this Australian colonies were granted permission to federate and a formal separation from Britain.