Internet Evolution

By Maria1*
  • Cold War Begins

    Cold War Begins
    It was a conflict caused by the tension between the Western-capitalist bloc led by the United States and the Eastern-communist bloc led by the Soviet Union at the time.
  • The USSR launched the first artificial satellite in history, Sputnik 1.

    The USSR launched the first artificial satellite in history, Sputnik 1.
    This is how the Advanced Research Projects Agency, known as ARPA and linked to the Department of Defense, was organized in the United States. It was created in response to the technological and military challenges of the then USSR and, a decade later, would be considered the organization that laid the foundations for what would become known as the Internet decades later.
  • The first communications system

    The first communications system
    In 1962, Paul Baran, a U.S. Government researcher, presented a communications system that, through computers connected to a decentralized network, was immune to external attacks. If one or more nodes were destroyed, the others could continue to communicate without any problem.
  • Massachusetts connected to California

    Massachusetts connected to California
    In 1965 a TX2 computer in Massachusetts was connected to a Q-32 in California via a switched telephone line, albeit a low speed and still limited one. It worked and allowed then to work in a connected way.
  • Pioneers of the Internet

    Pioneers of the Internet
    Michel Elie, considered one of the pioneers of the Internet, enters UCLA (University of California at Los Angeles) and joins ARPA on a research grant. At the end of the year, the UCLA computer was connected to a computer at SRI (Stanford Research Institute).
    Soon after, four American universities were interconnected. This network was called ARPANET and the objective of this development was to maintain communications in case of war in the situation of uncertainty and fear at the time.

    In 1970 ARPANET is consolidated.
    Ray Tomlinson establishes the basis for what is now known as electronic mail. This need arose because the developers needed a coordination mechanism that they covered with this system.
  • Internet was born

    Internet was born
    It is the year 1983 that is usually marked as the year when the Internet was "born". It was then that the United States Department of Defense decided to use the TCP/IP protocol in its Arpanet network, thus creating the Arpa Internet network. Over the years it became known only as the "Internet".
  • HTML, HTTP and web Browsers

    HTML, HTTP and web Browsers
    On March 12, 1989, Tim Berners Lee first described the hypertext transfer protocol that would lead to the first web using three new resources: HTML, HTTP and a program called Web Browser.
  • The first social network

    The first social network
    The first social network like the ones we have today was which is no longer accessible.
    It grew to over 1 million users, although it disappeared in 2001.
  • Messenger is born

    Messenger is born
  • Friendster is born

    Friendster is born
    A social network for video game lovers.
  • MySpace and Linkedin

    MySpace and Linkedin
    In 2003 MySpace (social network in the employment environment) and Linkedin (social network in the employment environment) were born
  • Facebook

    In 2004 a Harvard undergraduate named Mark Zuckerberg created the social network that today is the most important in the world: Facebook.
  • Youtube

    In mid-2005, legend has it that at a party in San Francisco, 3 Paypal employees recorded a video and had difficulty sending it to their friends. This inconvenience gave rise to the idea of creating YouTube, today's most important video social network. The first video uploaded to the network was not long in coming: 04/23/2005
  • Twitter

    2006 was a very important year in the history of the Internet because of the appearance of the microblogging social network Twitter and because Google finally bought Youtube for 1650 million dollars, acting now as one of its subsidiaries.
  • Digital around the world

    Digital around the world
    The number of internet users in the world has reached 4.66 billion people, representing 59.5% of the population (7.83 billion people).
    Users from mobile devices reached 66.6% of the world's population, or 5.22 billion people, representing 1.8% more than in January 2020, an increase of 93 million users.
  • Use of social Network

    Use of social Network