Indian Road to Independence

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In History
  • British India Company

    British India Company
    1600: British East India Company is established.
  • Official Language

    1835: Macaulay's Minute furthers Western education in India. English is made official government and court language.
  • Indian Rebellions begin

    Indian Rebellions begin
    The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India
  • Act 1858

    Act 1858
    The Government of India Act 1858 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom passed on August 2, 1858. Its provisions called for the liquidation of the British East India Company and the transference of its functions to the British Crown.
  • Period: to

    Hindu and Muslim League

    Two groups formed to rid India of foreign rule: Hindu Indian National Congress, or Congress Party, in 1885, and the Muslim League in 1906.
  • Ghandi Returns

    Ghandi Returns
    In 1915 Ghandi Returns from South Africa convinced of taking Independence from the British
  • Indian troops return home

    Indian troops return home
    Indian troops return home from the war in Europe
  • Rowlatt Act is passed

    Rowlatt Act is passed
    British finally pass the Rowlatt Act
  • Muslim and Hindus flock to Armitsar

    Muslim and Hindus flock to Armitsar
    More than 10,000 Muslims and Hindus flocked to Amritsar located in a major city in the Punjab
  • Greeks invade Turkey

    Greeks invade Turkey
    The greek soilders invade Turkey and threaten to conquer
  • Gandhi organizes nation-wide Satyagraha

    Gandhi organizes  nation-wide Satyagraha
    Gandhi organized a nation-wide Satyagraha which used non-cooperation techniques such as the ones above, as well as public demonstrations, in order to “withdraw Indian support from the vast, monstrous Machine of Empire until it ground to a halt”
  • Non Cooperation Act

    Non Cooperation Act
    On August 1, 1920, in a letter to Lord Chelmsford, the Viceroy, Gandhi gave the signal for a non-co-operation campaign. Along with it he returned the Kaiser-i-Hind gold medal which had been awarded to him in 1915.
  • Congress Party and Civil Disobedience

    Congress Party and Civil Disobedience
    Congress Party endorsed civil disobedience, the deliberate and public refusal to obey an unjust law, and non- violence as the means to achieve independence.
  • Salt Act

    Salt Act
    In 1930 in order to help free India from British control, Mahatma Gandhi proposed a non-violent march protesting the British Salt Tax, continuing Gandhi's pleas for civil disobedience. The Salt Tax essentially made it illegal to sell or produce salt, allowing a complete British monopoly.
  • Government of India Act

    Government of India Act
    British Parliment passed the The Government of India Act 1935 where provision for the establishment of a “Federation of India”, were to be made up of both British India and some or all of the “princely states”.
  • Viceroy's statement of War Aims

    Viceroy's Statement on War Aims and the War Effort: reiterates that goal of British policy is Dominion status for India, but that the 1935 Act is open to modification at the end of the war, in the light of Indian opinion.
  • Quit India Movement

    Quit India Movement
    The Quit India Movement was a civil disobedient movement by India in 1942 in response to Mohandas Gandhi's call for immediate independence. Gandhi hoped to bring the British government to the negotiating table.
  • Indian Independence

    Indian Independence
    The partition of India was set forth in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Indian Empire and the end of the British Raj. India was separated into diffrent sovereign states.
  • Formation of Pakistan

    Formation of Pakistan
    The partition of British India that led to the creation, on August 14, 1947 and August 15, 1947, respectively, of the sovereign states of the Dominion of Pakistan and the Union of India.
  • End of Mahatma Ghandi

    End of Mahatma Ghandi
    On Jan. 30, 1948, Indian political and spiritual leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was murdered by the Hindu nationalist Nathuram Godse, who fired three shots at close range as the 78-year-old Gandhi entered a prayer meeting.
  • New Republic

    New Republic
    India becomes a republic as its constitution comes into effect.