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India_Cordelia Miguel

  • Rifles

    A gossip that the rifles were greased with fat of beef and pork happened. To be able to use the cartridges, soldiers had to bite off the ends. So because of this, both Hindus that considered cow sacred, and Muslims that do not eat pork, were shocked by this "gossip" that was going around.
  • Raj

    In 1858, the British government took direct control of India. Raj refers to British rule after India came under the British crown during the reign of Queen Victoria. A minister in London directed policy, and a British governor in India carried out the government's orders.
  • Congress Party

    Congress Party
    The primarily Hindu Indian National Congress or Congress Party was one of the groups formed to rid India of foreign rule. It was founded by Indian and British members of the Teosophical Society movement. The congress met once a year each December. The first meeting was held in Bombay, it was first going to be in Pune but due to the pleague the meeting was shifted to Bombay. The first one was held in December 28-31 1885 with 72 delegates.
  • Gandhi in South Africa

    Gandhi in South Africa
    Gandhi arrives to South Africa and stays some time there. Then, he talks to his people, about civil desobedience, and everything without violence. He arrived to Durban and he stayed there 1 week before leaving for Pretoria. During 2 years, 2 bills were passed restricting the freedom of Indians.
  • South Africa

    South Africa
    Gandhi arrives in South Africa when he was 24. He spent 21 years there where he developed political views, ethics and leadership. In South Africa, Gandhi faced descrimination at all colored people. First, he was thrown of a train because he refused to move from the first-class. After, he was beaten by a driver for refusing to move to make space for a European traveler.
  • Muslim League

    Muslim League
    It was a political party, and was formed originally to promote a modern eduaction for Muslims. It was founded in Dhaka (now Bangladesh) in 1906. The Muslim League made many decisions such as the division of India and religions. Also, the creation of Pakistan as a muslim state in 1947. After the Independence of India and Pakistan the league was still a minor party. Also, in Pakistan, the league formed the country's first government.
  • Prison

    Gandhi is sent to prison, for 2 months. He was sent because he was making meetings and talking to people about civil desobedience, so he was thrown in jail for 2 months.
  • Gandhi Returns Permanently

    Gandhi Returns Permanently
    Gandhi returns to India to attend the Indian National Congress. He had a lot of meetings and talked about civil desobedience a lot during South Africa. Finally, he returned to India back to the people. He was gone to South Africa 21 years. After, Gandhi took leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1920 and after declared independence in 1930.
  • Indians return from WWl

    Indians return from WWl
    The Indians return from WW1. They lost a lot of soldiers and fought on the British side since they were a British colony. They won the war, but still 47,746 got killed and 65,126 wounded during World War I. When it was finished they returned home to India to their people.
  • Rowlatt Acts

    Rowlatt Acts
    It was passed by the Imperial Legislative Council in London in March, 10, 1919. It was named after Sir Sidney Rowlatt. This act authorized the government to imprision for up to two years, without trial, control of the press etc. Gandhi was against this and argued that not everybody should get punished for political crimes.
  • Civil Desobedience

    Civil Desobedience
    Civil desobedience was when people didn't follow certain laws without violence.
  • Strikes and Demonstrations

    Strikes and Demonstrations
    During 1920, the British arrested thousands of Indians who participated in strikes and demonstrations. But, with Gandhi and everyone on his side, and all their theories of nonviolence, some protests led to riots so people where arrested for participating in these things.
  • Arrested

    Gandhi is arrested for sedation for leading the campaign of mass civil desobedience against the British in India. He was sentenced to six years in prison. After he was released, he continued to build India's union and he still used civil desobedience.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Gandhi makes the Decalaration of Independence. He was part of the Congress in 1920 and soon after in 1930 they decalared the independence of India.
  • Salt March

    Salt March
    Gandhi organized people for this. The British said that Indians could buy salt from no other source than the government. Also, they had to paid taxes. Gandhi and his followers walked about 240 miles to the seacoast. They made their own salt by collecting seawater and evaporating it.
  • Government of India Act

    Government of India Act
    They where the acts passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom to regulate the government of India. It provided self-government but not total independence.
  • Independance

    In 1947 finally India had their Independence. Their leader Gandhi made it possible, because he was part of the Congress.
  • Gandhi's Death

    Gandhi's Death
    Gandhi died in 1948. He was 78 years old in New Delhi. He was shot by Nathuram Godse. They had already tried to kill him 5 times. He was standing in the steps outside of a building where there was a prayer meeting and three gunshots killed him.