In Between the Wars: Asia

  • Rise of Militarism in Japan

    Japan moved to a more democratic style of government; the parliament and political parties grew stronger. A militant group within the ruling party gained control of the political system. Civilians formed extremist patriotic organizations; members of the army and navy created similar societies.
  • Nationalists and Communists in China

    Marxism had the greatest impact in China because in the 1920s there was no central authority, which led to 2 new political forces emerging in China. The political forces were the Nationalist party and the Chinese Communist Party; both wanted to rule China.
  • The Long March in China

    A civil war broke out in China between the Nationalists and the Communists. In October 1934 the Chinese Communists broke through Nationalist enemy lines and began an epic flight from their encircled headquarters in southwest China; the trek lasted a year and covered around 4,000 miles. The march marked the emergence of Mao Zedong as the official leader of the communists.
  • Indian Independence

    The people of India were fed up with British rule, and their leader, Gandhi, organized mass protests against British rule. The British government tried to make amends by expanding the role of Indians in government; however, these reforms were not enough. The people wanted full independence from Great Britain.