Imperialism in China

Timeline created by ryan_dinh
  • China's Imperalism Flourishes

    China's Imperalism Flourishes
    Through the 1700s, China’s imperial system flourishes under the Manchu dynasty. China is at the center of the world economy as Europeans and Americans seek Chinese goods. By the late 1700s, however, the strong Chinese state is experiencing internal strains — particularly, an expanding population that taxes food supply and government control — and these strains lead to rebellions and a weakening of the central government.
  • Period: to

    Imperialism in China

    By 1800, China was a prosperous country with a highly developed agricultural system. China was not industrialized, but workers in small workshops were able to produce most of the goods the Chinese needed. Because China was practically self-sufficient, its emperors had little interest in trading with Europeans. For decades, Europeans could do business only at the port of Canton. Despite pleas from Britain and other nations, China refused to open other ports to foreigners.
  • China simultaneously experiences major internal strains and Western imperialist pressure

    China simultaneously experiences major internal strains and Western imperialist pressure
    In the 1800s China simultaneously experiences major internal strains and Western imperialist pressure, backed by military might which China cannot match. China’s position in the world and self-image is reversed in a mere 100 year period China's motives for imperialism had been that Chinese wanted to gain territory so that they could increase the geographical size of the Chinese empire so that they would work towards being a more powerful and influencial empire. China also wanted their own nature
  • Opium War

    Opium War
    The First Opium War or the First Anglo-Chinese War was fought between the British East India Company and the Qing Dynasty of China from 1839 to 1842 with the aim of forcing China to allow free trade, particularly in opium. The Treaty of Nanjing, first of the unequal treaties, granted an indemnity to Britain, opening of five Treaty Ports, and the cession of Hong Kong Island, ending the monopoly of trading in the Canton System. The wars are often cited as the end of China's isolation.
  • 1842The Treaty of Nanjing

    1842The Treaty of Nanjing
    A Treaty signed, that marked the end of the Opium War. Also forced China to lower Tarrifs. ) was signed on 29 August 1842 to mark the end of the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Qing Dynasty of China. It was the first of what the Chinese called the unequal treaties because Britain had no obligations in return.
  • The Taiping Rebellion

    The Taiping Rebellion
    A civil war against the Qing Dynasty. Left 20 million dead from the rebellionThe Taiping Rebellion was a civil war in China from 1850 to 1864. It was led by Hong Xiuquan. The Taiping Rebellion was against the ruling Qing Dynasty. About 20 million people died. Most of them were civilians.
  • Self- Strengthening Movement Begins

     Self- Strengthening Movement Begins
    Program backed by Cixi, updated Chinese educational systems, displomatic services and military.The first step in the foreign powers' effort to carve up the empire was taken by Russia, which had been expanding into Central Asia. By the 1850s, tsarist troops also had invaded the Heilong Jiang watershed of Manchuria, from which their countrymen had been ejected under the Treaty of Nerchinsk. The Russians used the superior knowledge of China they had acquired through their century-long residence
  • The Open Door Policy-

    The Open Door Policy-
    The principle that all nations should have equal access to any of the ports open to trade in China had been stipulated in the Anglo-Chinese treaties of Nanking and Wanghia (1842-44). Great Britain had greater interests in China than any other power and successfully maintained the policy of the open door until the late 19th century. After the first Sino-Japanese War (1894-95),
  • Boxer Rebellion

    Boxer Rebellion
    Beginning in 1898, groups of peasants in northern China began to band together into a secret society known as I-ho ch'üan ("Righteous and Harmonious Fists"), called the "Boxers" by Western press. Members of the secret society practiced boxing and calisthenic rituals (hence the nickname, the "Boxers") which they believed would make them impervious to bullets.
  • China leads rebellion

    China leads rebellion
    In the Nineteenth Century, the Qing Empire faced a number of challenges to its rule, including a number of foreign incursions into Chinese territory. The two Opium Wars against Western powers led by Great Britain resulted in the loss of Hong Kong, forced opening of “treaty ports” for international trade, and large foreign “concessions” in major cities privileged with extraterritorial rule. After its loss in the Sino-Japanese War (1894–95),
  • National party and chinese Communist Party Founded

    National party and chinese Communist Party Founded
    The Nationalist Party and the Chinese Communist Party (founded in 1921) work and compete to reunify China politically.The very rapid change in China’s international status and self-image as a leading civilization leads the Chinese on a quest to reestablish China’s place in the world — a quest that continues today