Holy roman empire 1000

History of the Middle East -Timeline

  • 476

    Byzantine Empire

    Byzantine Empire
    After the fall of the western half of the Roman Empire fell in 476 the Byzentine empire started to flourish. There was major progress in the aspects of art, liturature, and architecture. The eastern half of the Roman Empire was now called the Byzantine Empire.
  • 481

    Clovis

    Clovis
    Clovis was the first ever king of the franks. He was the one to unite all the frankish kingdoms. He was also a Roman Official. He was a cotholic figue and converted because of his wife. He took power when he was 15.
  • 527

    Emperor Justinian

    Emperor Justinian
    Emperor Justinian or also know as Justinian the Great, was Byzantine Emperor from 527 to 565. During his time in power his goal was to recapture the lost western half of the classic roman empire.
  • Sep 13, 622

    Hijrah

    Hijrah
    The Hijrah is was the journy of Muhhamad and his followers to Madinah. It became the first official year in the calendar. Madinah is the city of the prophet.
  • Jan 1, 630

    Prophet Muhammad

    Prophet Muhammad
    He was born Makkah to a merchant family. He grew up to be a rich caravan manager, and married a rich widow named Khadija; and she was his employee. Muhhamad received revelations from god, the messages were given by the angel Gabriel. He wrote down the teachings and that soon became the Quran.
  • Jan 1, 632

    Abu Bakr

    Abu Bakr
    He was a wealthy merchant and Muhhamad's father-in-law. After Muhhamad died Abu Bakr came into power and became Caliph. Under his management the islamic religion began to grow.
  • Sep 14, 635

    Center of Muslim World: Damascus

    Center of Muslim World: Damascus
    Damascus was conquered by the Muslim-Arab general Khalid ibn al-Walid in September–August 635 CE, However it was claimed to be occupied all the way back to 6300 BCE.
  • Sep 13, 661

    Umayyads

    Umayyads
    In 661 the governer of Syria, Mu'awiyah, became the caliph of the Umayyads. It was the first muslim empire to rule the caliphite. The empire was overthrown by Abu al-Abbas, in 750, they became the Abbasids.
  • Sep 13, 750

    Abbasid Dynasty

    Abbasid Dynasty
    Established in 750, the Abbasid's were set up by the Umayyads. The Umayyads were overthrown by Abu al-Abbas, a decendent of Muhammads uncle. There were times of splended ruling and growing prosperity. It ended in 1258.
  • Sep 14, 750

    Golden Age of Islamic Society

    Golden Age of Islamic Society
    The Golden Age of Islamic Society was considered to be during the reign of the abbisids. The Islamic Golden Age was inaugurated by the middle of the 8th century by the ascension of the Abbasid Caliphate.
  • Sep 14, 762

    Baghdad

    Baghdad
    In 762, baghdad was established and built under the Barmakids. It was created under the Abbisid dynasty. Its location gave it control strategically.
  • Sep 14, 768

    Charlemagne

    Charlemagne
    Charlemagne was the founder of the Carolingian Empire. He expanded the Frankish kingdom. He influenced poeple mainly by religion and the power he held. He is commonly portrayed with a cross in one hand and a sword in the other to represent his honner to god and to the people he fights for.
  • Jan 5, 800

    Holy Roman Empire

    Holy Roman Empire
    The Holy Roman Empire was set up in western Europe following the coronation of Charlemagne. It was created by the medieval papacy in attempt to unite the Christains into one rule.
  • Sep 14, 800

    Feudalism

    Feudalism
    Feidalism started to flourish in the early 9th century in midevil Europe. Feudalism is the social hierarchy where the rich are on top and powerful and the poor are the workers and they are under the power of those who have wealth and power.
  • Sep 14, 973

    Center of Muslim World: Cairo

    Center of Muslim World: Cairo
    In 969 the Fatimids arived to establish a new capitol for the Fatimid Dynasty. It took a few years to build up the city which eventually became the capitol of Egypt.
  • Sep 14, 1016

    Seljuk Turks

    Seljuk Turks
    The seljuk turks were in power up until 1153. The dynasty ruled parts of Central Asia and the Middle East. They were targets of the first Crusade.
  • Sep 14, 1050

    Crusades

    The Crusades was caused by the Seljuk Turks invading the Byzantine Empire. The Turks converted to Islam which forced the emperor of the Byzantine Empire to ask the pope in Roman for help from the military.
  • Sep 14, 1066

    William of Normandy

    William of Normandy
    Also known as William the Conquerer, he was the first Norman King of England. In order to keep england protected he needed to build many castles and mottes.
  • Sep 14, 1066

    Battle of Hastings

    Battle of Hastings
    The Battle of Hastings took place under William of Normandys Ruling. The battle was between the Norman-French army of William of Normandy and the English army under King Harold II. King Harold was killed in battle. The Normans won. The battle was for superiority.
  • Sep 14, 1088

    Pope Urban II

    Pope Urban II was best known for starting the first crusade. He was born around 1035 to a noble family in northern France. He was educated as a child and was a canon and archdeacon
  • Sep 14, 1199

    King John

    King John
    He became the king of england in 1199. He lost the duchy of Normandy to King Phillip II. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign led to the signing of the Magna Carta.
  • Sep 14, 1215

    Magna Carta

    Magna Carta
    The 1215 charter required King John of England to proclaim certain liberties and accept that his will was not arbitrary. King John was cornered out in a feild and was forced to sign or he was to be killed.
  • Sep 13, 1258

    The Mongols in the Middle East

    The Mongols in the Middle East
    The Mongols were a pastoral people who swept out of the Gobi in the early 13th century to seize control over much of the world. They captured Baghdad in 1258 and established a capitol.
  • Jan 1, 1348

    The Black Death

    The Black Death occured in Medieval England, and was to kill about 1.5 million people between 1348 and 1350. Another name for the Black Death is the bubonic plague. There was no medicine known to prevent or help cure the plague.
  • Jan 1, 1478

    Spanish Inquisition

    Spanish Inquisition
    The Spanish Inquisition was established by Queen Elizabeth amd the Church in order to eliminate an heretics in Spain. Heretics were people who believed in different religions than the Church. If the people were suspected of heresy, they would be tortured and questioned for weeks, and when they confessed, they were burned at the stake.