History of the Internet

By Izzi_x

    APRANET stands for 'Advanced Research Projects Agency Network' and was important to the creation of the internet because it was the first operational network for 'packet switching'. They set up the network and had 4 hosts in 1969, but by 1981 that number grew to 213 hosts. It is estimated that a new host would join the network in approximately 20 days.
  • Bulletin boards

    Bulletin Board Systems were introduced in the 1970s and were an early form of modern social uses of the internet. Usually these boards would be a free and entertaining hobby, whereas some hosts decided to charge for access to these Bulletin Board Systems. People using these systems would often live in the same area, as they would have to use a phone line and it would cost a lot to access Bulletin Board Systems in a long distance area, and would often consist of meets or get-togethers.
  • Email

    ARPANET created the first version of email. This was important because it meant people could communicate with each other in a quick, easy and effective way. The first network email was sent to another computer next to it to test if it was working. After that, instructions were passed around and more people started to use email facilities.
  • International packet switched service

    The IPSS was created in 1978 by the UK's General Post Office, Western Union, and the USA's Tymnet. It could be accessed in the UK, the USA, Canada, Europe, Hong Kong and Australia by 1981. By the 1990s, it could be accessed worldwide. Both companies and regular users could access this, but would have to use a PSS line. If they chose to have faster speeds, then this would be more expensive.
  • TCP/IP protocol, National Science Foundation (NSF)

    TCP and IP were developed by the Department of Defense in 1983. This would connect many different networks together to form the 'internet'. It was successful and provided file transfer, remote logon and email on lots of different systems. Individual machines are connected to the same LAN, with TCP/IP standardised on the LAN to ensure all types of systems could communicate. In 1984, the NSF would use this system to create 'supercomputing' areas for the US research department.
  • Domain name addressing system

    Before the domain name addressing system was invented, HOSTS.TXT was the default domain name. This was an important step because more and more hosts were joining the network and it was important to be able to distinguish between them.
  • 10,000 hosts

    In 1987, the networks reached 10,000 hosts. The number of hosts after that year continued to increase. As well as the obvious benefits of websites getting more views and making more money, problems such as network congestion and domain name shortages also occurred.
  • First commercial dialup

    Dial up access is a form of internet access that is accessed by using a telephone line. Unfortunantely, in the same year, ARPANET ceased to exist. However, this meant more opportunity for the internet to grow and advance.
  • Search engines

    The first Search Engine to be created was 'Archie' in 1990, created by Alan Emtage. This worked by matching words to filenames that the user searched for. This was useful to the public because they could make efficient searches and find their information in a quick and easy way. The name was inspired from the word 'Archives', but shortened to 'Archie'.
  • World Wide Web, CERN

    Tim Berners-Lee developed the frst web browser on Christmas day 1990, and released the first version to CERN in 1991. This began to spread the general use of the internet.
  • First widely used browser (Mosaic)

    Mosaic was developed in 1993 by the NCSA. This was a very important step because it spread the awareness of the internet and encouraged more people to use the internet and its services.
  • Word ‘Internet’ in daily use

    By 1996, people were using the word 'Internet' everyday. It was in the forefront of the mind of the public, and more and more people were starting to use it.
  • The creation of Facebook

    Facebook is just one of many social networking sites that has shaped the development of the internet. Facebook is one of the most visited pages on the internet. Some people will use the internet just to access their Facebook page. Because of this, people can stay in touch when they are far away, and keep in touch with old and new friends and family quickly and easily.
  • Webcasting, blogs, and other recent trends.

    These recent phenomenons have formed the recent trends in social internet use. Most people will mainly use the internet for two key purposes: research and social reasons. Because of this, many people will access the internet just to check their social pages, consequently allowing the website to access more views and earn more money.