History of the Byzantines

By flofaro
  • 330

    Founding of the Byzantine Capital

    This is when Emperor Constantine I moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium and then had it dedicated to himself as Constantinople.
  • Period: 330 to Jan 1, 1453

    The Byzantine Empire

  • 527

    Justinian Comes to Power

    After many weak Emperors, Justinian came to be Emperor of the Byzantines. He created the Justinian Code, instituted quite a few administrative reforms, and tightened control of the provinces and their tax collections.
  • 533

    General Belisarius Military Campaigns

    Emperor Justinian sent General Belisarius to defeat Persia. He had a series of victories and in the end defeated them so that Justinian could go and make peace with them. Took until 545 AD.
  • 537

    Hagia Sophia Completed

    Justinian commisioned the building of this new Greek Orthodox basilica. It took less than 6 years to make because its building was done with such haste. Although there were problems with its domed roof, they did accomplish it.
  • Jan 1, 600

    Islamic Conquests

    Muslim armies attacked the Byzantine Empire by going through Syria. In the end, the parts of the Byzantine territory that were lost were Syria, Holy Land, Eygpt, and North Africa. Lasted till 700.
  • Jan 1, 1025

    Emperor Basil II Conquests

    Basil aimed only to extend his land during his reign. He had secured land from Georgia and Armenia. He won over all of Bulgaria. He also got Sicily, and attempted to place a hold in Germany and Rome but those two attemts failed.
  • Jan 1, 1054

    Great Schism

    This was the final seperation between the Eastern Christian Chuches (the Patriarch of Constantinople) and the Western Church (the Pope of Rome). The Pope and the Patriarch excommunicated, and the Eastern Christion Churches became the Greek Orthodox Church.
  • Jan 1, 1095

    Emperor Alexios I and Pope Urban II

    Emperor Alexios ruled when there were quite a few Turks trying to invade the Byzantine Empire, so he appealed to Pope Urban for help to drive them out of his territory. This led to a rush of Crusaders that then harassed the Byzantine Empire.
  • Oct 1, 1204

    Fourth Crusade

    The Venetian annd French Crusaders were originally planning on attacking Eygpt to get control of the Muslim power and get back Jerusalem. Then the son of the disposed Emperor Isaac II, Alexius, escaped captivity in Constantinople and went to the West. That is when the Crusaders decided to stop in Constantinople and overthrow the Emperor to put Alexius on the throne.
  • Jan 1, 1453

    End of Byzantines

    The Byzantine Empire's economy had been crippled for a very long time. They had to become a vassal for the Turks until they revoked the privileges they gave the Byzantine Empire and the Ottomon army stormed Constantinople, finishing the fall of the Byzantine Empire.