History of Special Education and Inclusive Education Timeline

Timeline created by jparello
In History
  • President’s Panel on Mental Retardation

    President’s Panel on Mental Retardation
    The President's Panel on Mental Retardation was appointed by President Kennedy on October 17, 1961, with the mandate to prepare a "National Plan to Combat Mental Retardation."
  • Community Mental Health Act (also known as the Mental Retardation and Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act of 1963)

    Community Mental Health Act (also known as the Mental Retardation and Community Mental Health Centers Construction Act of 1963)
    https://www.thenationalcouncil.org/about/national-mental-health-association/overview/community-mental-health-act/
    The Community Mental Health Act of 1963 was an act to provide federal funding for community mental health centers and research facilities in the United States.
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act
    Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, which provided funding for primary education, and is seen by advocacy groups as expanding access to public education for children with disabilities.
  • Mills v. Board of Education

    Mills v. Board of Education
    In the Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia case, the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia students classified as “exceptional” – including those with mental and learning disabilities and behavioral issues. This ruling made it unlawful for the D.C. Board of Education to deny these individuals access to publicly funded educational opportunities.
  • Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children (PARC)

    Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children (PARC)
    In the Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children (PARC) v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ruling, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania sided in favor of students with intellectual and learning disabilities in state-run institutions. PARC v. Penn called for students with disabilities to be placed in publicly funded school settings that met their individual educational needs, based on a proper and thorough evaluation.
  • Congressional Investigation

    Congressional Investigation
    After PARC and Mills, Congress launched an investigation into the status of children with disabilities and found that millions of children were not receiving an appropriate education.The Bureau of Education for the Handicapped found that there were 8 million children requiring special education services. Of this total, 3.9 million students adequately had their educational needs met, 2.5 million were receiving a substandard education and 1.75 million weren’t in school.
  • The Education for All Handicapped Children Act and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

    The Education for All Handicapped Children Act and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
    The EHA establishes a right to public education for all children regardless of disability, while the IDEA requires schools provide individualized or special education for children with qualifying disabilities. Under the IDEA, states who accept public funds for education must provide special education to qualifying children with disabilities.
  • Handicapped Children’s Protection Act

    Handicapped Children’s Protection Act
    President Reagan signed the Handicapped Children’s Protection Act, a law that gave parents of children with disabilities more say in the development of their child’s Individual Education Plan, or IEP.
  • Disabilities Education Act

    Disabilities Education Act
    The Education for all Handicapped Children’s Act became the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. President Clinton reauthorized IDEA with several key amendments that emphasized providing all students with access to the same curriculum, additionally, states were given the authority to expand the “developmental delay” definition from birth through five years of age to also include students between the ages of six and nine.
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1&v=3XMndYNEGFA&feature=emb_logo
    Congress amended IDEA by calling for early intervention for students, greater accountability and improved educational outcomes, and raised the standards for instructors who teach special education classes.