Special Education Legislation

  • Smith Hughes Act of 1917

    Federal Funding for public schools to develop secondary vocational education programs in agriculture, trades and labor, and home economics.
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  • Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1963

    Broadened definition of vocational education from agriculture, industrial arts, and home economics to including business education and cooperative work-study programs.
  • Vocational Education Act of 1968 Amendment

    "Set aside" funding for special populations mandated. 10% of state grant vocational educational fundds were for programs for youths with disabilities. 15% for youth with disadvantages
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973

    Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973
    This Act falls under Rehabilitation and Civil Rights; providing equal access and reasonable accommodations in education and community settings.
    Section 504 Modeled after language of Civil Right Act of 1964. No federal funds attached so services and supports may vary.Provides legal basis for requesting reasonable accommodations in the workplace.
  • CETA (Comprehensive Employment and Training Act)

    Workforce training for persons with economic disadvantages to gain access to job training and employment opportunities. Summer Youth Programs
  • Education for All Handicapped Children (EHA)

    Education for All Handicapped Children (EHA)
    Provided equal access to education and one free meal a day to children with disabilties. Required evaluation and creating an educational plan with parental input.
    ** These six principles are still found in Part B of IDEA 2004
  • Education Amendments of 1976, Title II

    Included amendment to Vocational Education Act
    Maintained and Increase "set-aside funding"
    Mandated that vocational education programs be coordinated with other federal vocational and educational programs.
  • (JTPA) Job Training Partnership Act (Amendments 1986/1992)

    Training reflected local job market; funds used for services in adult programs and summer youth employment and training programs. Job Search,Remedial and Basic Education, Work experience, Vocational Exploration, and Literacy Training; Job Corps
  • EHA Amendment 1983

    Authorized 6.6 million dollars to develop and support School-to-Work Transition services for youth with disabilities. This became a national priority, however, there were no specific mandates on transition.
  • Rehabilition Act Amendments

  • Carl D. Perkins VEA 1984

    2006 (CTE)
  • EHA Amendment 1986

    EHA Amendment 1986
    Continued funding for transition model demonstration and research, however still no state mandates for transition services. Some states ITPs (Individualized Transition Plan), but these were later incorporated with the IEP (Individualized Education Plan).
  • EHA Amendment 1986

    EHA Amendment 1986
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

    This Act renamed EHA and added autism and traumatic brain injury were added to list of eligible categories.
    Highlighted students' multiple transition needs.
    Include transition planning initiative process by age 16
  • ADA (Americans with Disabilties Act) 1990

    ADA (Americans with Disabilties Act) 1990
    Brpad civil rights protection to individuals across education, employment, public services, public accommodations, transportation, telecommunication, NO direct funds tied to ADA or Section 504.
  • GOALS 2000

    Clinton signed this bill with 8 national goals in mind:
    school readiness
    school completion rate of 90%
    student achievement and citizenship
    teacher education and professional development
    mathematics and science
    adult literacy
    safe, disciplined, alcohol and drug-free schools
    parental participation
  • School-to-Work Opportunity Act

    Tech-prep programs, career readiness, and school-to-apprenticeship programs
  • Improing America's Schools Act of 1994

    This Act replaces the original ESEA 1965
  • IDEA Amendment 1997

    IDEA Amendment 1997
    Transition Services expanded to include: transportation, speech and language, social work, counseling, and rehabilitation counseling. Age requirement changed from 16 to 14 to initiate transition planning process. Also mandates students with disabilities access to general education courses and participate in high-stakes assessments, unless IEP had statement that explained WHY and WHAT ALTERNATIVE would be used.
  • Workforce Investment Act

    One-stop Centers
    Good for students with disabilities with the goal of obtaining skilled employment
  • Higher Education Amendments Act of 1998

    Reiterates Section 504 of Rehab Act 1973 and ADA
  • No Child Left Behind Act

    No Child Left Behind Act
    Four significant changes:
    Accountability for results
    Increased flexibility and local control
    Expaneded options for parents
    Use of teaching methods that are proven to be effective
  • IDEA Amendment 2004

    Final Regulations aligned with NCLB.
  • ADA Amendment 2008

    Restore intent and protections. EEOC revised regulations that define term "substantially limits."
  • Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008

    Pell Grant offered year round
    Grants to low-income students will be expanded
    Programs for students with disabilties will be strengthened
    National Technical Assistance Center to provide information and assistance?