History of Mental Health

  • 100

    Ancient Mesopotamia Treatments

    Ancient Mesopotamia people believed that people had demos inside of them. They attempted to cure this by preforming exorcisims, incantations, prayer, atonement, and other rituals to drive otu the spirit.
  • 400

    Hippocrates / Independent care

    Families often cared for the mentaly ill that was in thier family. Also, Hippocrates was a greek physician that the first to understand a glimse of mental illnesses. He realized that it is caused of the brain and not a caused by the gods.
  • 500

    Ficton vs Realtiy

    Back in ancient times there was no difference between science, fiction, and religon.
  • Jan 1, 1300

    Middle Ages

    Middle Ages
    Euorpeans beliveved that people with metal illnesses were not dangerous and gave them freedom. Others believed that they were possed by deomns or they were witches. Across te glode the Muslim Arabs established asylums near the 18th century.
  • Jan 1, 1407

    First European Establishment for Mentally Ill

    First European establishment for the mentally ill. The establishment is located in Spain.
  • Isolation

    Patients that were considered mentally ill were isolated, sometimes being hosed with handicapped, vagrants, and deliquents. Insane people, however, were chained to walls and kept in dungeons.
  • America's First Psychiatric Hospital

    America's First Psychiatric Hospital
    Amearica opened the first two psychiatric hospitals in Williamsburg, VA It is reported that at least 20% of the patients there were cured.
  • Mesmerism

    A man named Mesmer started a treatment called "mesmerism" and he took the affected body parts and soaked them and various chemicals. Most of the patients later felt numbess or became paralized.
  • Phillippe pinel

    Phillippe pinel
    phillippe pinel takes over an insane asylum and forbid the usage of chain and shackles. Also he took patients out of dungeons but in other places mistreatment still went on
  • Period: to

    Dorothea Dix

    Dorothea was an American that orginazisd an investigation for the care of the mentally ill. Due to the underfunded hospitals the patients were locked in cages, stalls, and pens being chained, naked, beaten with rods, and lashed into obedience. Dorothea Dix brought light upon this situation which resulted in a bill to expand the state's mental hospital. In Dix's future she did similar investigations in jails and almshouses (nursing homes).
  • Emil Kraepelin

    Emil Kraepelin
    Mental diorders began to be studied more scientifically by scientist Emil Kraepelin. Although most of Kraepelins research will be disproved in his future his distinction between manic-depressive psychosis and schizophrenia is still used to this day
  • Back to the old ways / Nellie Bly

    A study conducted in the late 1800s proved that the hospitals for the mentaly ill and humane treatment does not actually cure the patient. Hospitals began to get overcrowded with the mentaly ill and the old overseer ways began to replace the humaane care. A New York World reporter Nellie Bly posed as a mentally ill perosn to get an inside veiw form the hospitals. Her reports resulted in more funding towards hospitals to improve care.
  • "New" Methods of treatment durring The Great Depression

    The methods used in one of America's lowest of times included drugs, sending electrical impulses through the body, and surgery. One of the surgeries that grew widley popular was the lobotomy. This is a type of brain surgery that removes a section of the brain (refer to our powerpoint slides for further information). Some patients are also infected with malaria or insulin-induced comas.
  • Low blood sugar coma

    in the 1930 doctors believed that putting people with a mental illness in low blood sugar coma would alter their brains and cure them of their mental illness
  • Dr.Walter Freeman

    Dr.Walter Freeman
    Dr.Walter Freeman preformed the first prefrontal lobotomy
  • Call for Research

    Call for Research
    Calling for Nations Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) to conduct further research into the mind brain and behavior to lesson mental illness, President Harry Truman signed the National Mental Act. It will be formally established on April 15, 1949.
  • Mentally Ill Rising

    Patients being hospitalized began to exopnentially rise. In England and Wales there was 7,00 patients being hospitalized in 1850. By the time that 1955 came around the population of patients peaked at 560,000.
  • New drugs introduced

    In 1954 a new drug was introduced to help people who were mentally ill. They were electroconvulsive therapy, insulin coma therapy and lobotomies. theses treatments had a negative affect on it patients. Therefore it wasn't affective.
  • One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest

    Best selling novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, written by Ken Kesey, is about his experiences in working in the psychiatric ward of a Vererian's hospital. Kesey told the public that he believed that the patients there did not seem to have any mentally illneses but rather acted in an unusual way that society was unwilling to acecpt.
  • The Community Mental Health Act

    On october 31 1963 John F Kennedy signed a law that would get community mental health centers to help people who were housed in mental hospitals away from their communities
  • Period: to

    More Modern Treatments

    Researchers began more serious treatments such as SSRIs, brain scans. Their roots for diognosing someone were changed to the evidence that was based in hard sciecne.
  • Mental Health Act

    Mental Health Act
    Mental Health Act creates "seperating". A law in which sets out hwn you can be admitted, obtained, and treated.
  • Budget Cuts

    Budget Cuts
    In the 1980s serious budget cuts were made that had a serious affect on the communuity, by affecting the services dealing with mental health. President Ronald Ragen helped form these cuts that affected the hospitals at a time which mental hospitals were hindered th euspport for programs that would help mentaly ill patients.
  • less mental patients

    By 1986 there was a 100,000 less patients in mental institution over the U.S
  • Homosexuality, Mental disorder?

    Homosexulatiy is removed form the manual of mental disorders
  • New drug introduced

    in 1990 new antipsychotic drugs are released and they appear to be effective and have few side effects
    ex clozapine
  • Mentally Ill Jails

    Survey of American Jails proves that most crimal faciliteis are full of mentally ill people.
  • History and Archive record

    People met in London to record and create a history and archive about the mental health users/patients
  • increase in mentally ill peole in jails

    They're was a five percent increase in mentally ill people who were put in maryland jails
  • Museum

    Bethlem's Museum of the Mind grand opening. Museum dedicated to the art that was created by the patients of the hospitals.
  • Clifford Beers

    Clifford Beers
    In 1908 Clifford Beers published his an autobiography called “A Mind that Found Itself” telling his horrific experience at a connecticut mental institution.