History of Public Mental Health (California)

  • George III recovery for mental illness

    first time mental illness was thought to be cured.
  • Penn Hospital

    Thomas Kirkbride advocate for the mentally ill. He became superindent of the Penn Hospital for the insane
  • Contruction of the "Asylums"

    Begining of the contruction of the "Asylums". State mental hopitals would house the mentally ill and criminal offenders.
  • Kirkbride Plan

    Publication on insanity and treatment (including floor plan) 250 bed max facility
  • Nellie Bly

    New York World reporter Nellie Bly poses as a mentally ill person to become an inmate at Blackwell's Island in New York City.
  • Manfred Sakel Insulin Shock Therapy

  • Ladislas J Meduna - Metrazol (shock therapy)

  • Ugo Cerletti - electroconvulsive therapy

  • National Mental Health Act

    President Harry Truman signs the National Mental Health Act, calling for the establishment of the National Institute of Mental Health to conduct research into neuropsychiatric problems.
  • Governor Earl Warren conference of local mental health officers and physicians

    Make California a leader in the mental health system program.
  • Bell of Hope

    The thrid revolution in mental health care. Shackles were melted down, it bcame the symbol of the National Mental Health Association.
  • Chlorpromazine

    Marketed as Thorazine by Smith-Kline and French, Chlorpromazine is the first antipsychotic drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
  • Publick Psychiatric Hospitals

    The number of mentally ill people in public psychiatric hospitals peaks at 560,000.
  • Short-Doyle Ac

    State legislature enacts the Short-Doyle Act, which provides
    financial assistance for local governments to establish locally
    administered community mental health programs.
  • Community based mental health care

    President John F Kennedy helped promote comprehensice community care in call to congress - Special Message
  • Medi-Cal

    Medi-Cal is created
  • Lanterman-Petris-Short Act

    The Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (LPS) changes the law by
    requiring a judicial hearing procedure prior to involuntary
    hospitalization of an individual. This makes involuntary hospitalization of mentally ill people vastly more difficult. One year after the law goes into effect, the number of mentally ill people in the criminal-justice system doubles.
  • Medi-Cal include Short-Doyle

    Traditional Medi-Cal benefits expand to include Short-Doyle
    community mental health services.
  • Mental health programs

    Legislature requires all counties to have mental health programs.
  • Mental Health Systems Act

    President Jimmy Carter signs the Mental Health Systems Act, which aims to restructure the community mental-health-center program and improve services for people with chronic mental illness.
  • Decade of the brain

  • Assembly Bill 3632

    Assembly Bill 3632 assigns county mental health departments the responsibility to provide special education students with mental health servicesguaranteed under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
  • Bronzan-Mojonnier Act

    The Bronzan-Mojonnier Act enacts provisions relating to the identification of the shortage of services resulting in the criminalization of people who are mentally disabled, and the provision of community support and vocational services for individuals who are homeless and mentally disabled and for seriously emotionally disturbed children.
  • Mental health legislation mandates cultural competence

  • Bronzan-Wright-McCorquodale Realignment Act of 1991

    The Bronzan-Wright-McCorquodale Realignment Act of 1991 shifts authority from state to counties for mental health and other health programs
  • Medicaid State Plan Amendment

    More benifits and helped mental disabilies remain active in community
  • Medicaid Rehabilitation Option

    California adopts the Medicaid Rehabilitation Option to expand
    community mental health services.
  • Medicaid Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment

    California institutes Medicaid Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment by providing increased state matching funds to counties. Medi-Cal Mental Health Managed Care program is implemented. Inpatient and various specialty services became the responsibility of the Mental Health Plan in each county
  • Merge of Medi-Cal and Short- Doyle

    Medi-Cal fee-for-service and Short-Doyle programs merge into one mental health managed care program administered by counties
  • Bill 34

    Assembly Bill 34 authorizes grants totaling $9.5 million for pilot programs in Los Angeles, Sacramento, and Stanislaus Counties to provide services for severely mentally ill adults who are homeless, recently released from jail or prison, or at risk of being homeless or incarcerated in the absence of services. The program is expanded to all counties the next year.
  • Assembly Bill 88

    Assembly Bill 88 (mental health parity law) requires health plans to provide coverage for the diagnosis and treatment of severe mental illnesses of a person of any age and for the serious emotional disturbances of a child under the same terms and conditions applied to all other covered medical conditions
  • Assembly Bill 1424

    Assembly Bill 1424 modifies the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act of 1968, mandating mental health departments, law enforcement agencies, and court systems to consider a patient’s psychiatric history.
  • Laura’s Law

    Assemby Bill 1421, “Laura’s Law,” permits court-ordered, assisted
    outpatient treatment for severely mentally ill people.
  • California Mental Health Master Plan

    confirmed states responsibility in MH system services
  • Mental Health Services Act (Proposition 63)

    Voters approve the Mental Health Services Act (Proposition 63), providing significant funding for mental health services based on a 1% tax on annual incomes of more than $1 million.
  • Wraparound Services for children youth and families

    help fund and expand family based services for alternative to group homes
  • US Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008

    The US Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008 requires group health insurance plans to offer coverage for mental illness and substance use disorders in no more a restrictive way than all other medical and surgical procedures covered by the plan.
  • Cut Spendings

    In the aftermath of the Great Recession, states are forced to cut $4.35 billion in public mental-health spending over the next three years, the largest reduction in funding since deinstitutionalization.
  • Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

    The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act include measures to expand affordable forms of health insurance coverage and identifies mental health and substance abuse as one of 10 essential areas of coverage.
  • Realignment 2011

    Realignment 2011 gives counties more money and more responsibility for a range of mental health, substance abuse, and criminal justice services. Assembly Bill 114 transfers responsibility and funding for educationally related mental health services from county mental health departments to county education departments.
  • Department of Health Care Services

    Legislature eliminates the Department of Mental Health, creates the Department of State Hospitals, and transitions responsibility for managing all community mental health services functions to the Department of Health Care Services.
  • Wright-McCorquodale-Bronzan Mental Health Act

    The Wright-McCorquodale-Bronzan Mental Health Act establishes demonstration projects to test the effectiveness of community-based, integrated service systems of care for adults with serious mental illness