Treatment for Psychological Disorders

  • 460 BCE

    Hippocrates & Greek Medical Writers

    Hippocrates and Greek medical writers treated mentally ill people by quiet, occupation, and the use of drugs such as the purgative hellebore.
  • 500

    Meditation Therapy

    Used to manage pain and reduce stress. There is concentrative meditation involves sitting and lying comfortably and focusing on your breathing. This is to treat and heal your inner self.
  • Apr 23, 1100

    The First Asylum

    The first asylum was founded in Europe for mental diseases at Mets.
  • Apr 23, 1212

    The Children's Crusade

    Children walked from Germany and France to Italy in beliefs that they could free the Holy Land supernaturally because they were pure in heart. Most of them were murdered, drowned, or sold into slavery.
  • Apr 23, 1400

    Medieval Europeans

    The medieval Europeans did not think the mentally ill were dangerous. Although some religious believed caring for the sick is the same as caring for the mentally ill, some Muslim Arabs established asylums in the 8th century to carry on the quasi-scientific approach of the Greeks.
  • Apr 23, 1500

    Pope Innocent XIII

    He believed the insane had the devil within them and he wrote a book about methods and techniques on how to get rid of the devil located in their souls.
  • Philippe Pinel in France takes over the Bicetre Insane Asylum

    He forbids use of chains and removes patients from dungeons. He provides sun filed rooms and exercise on the grounds.
  • Dr. Gottlieb Burckhardt the superintendent of a Swiss psychiatric hospital

    In attempt to change the behavior of 6 mentally ill patients, he drilled holes through their heads and took out sections of their frontal lobes. Two of the 6 patients died. This surgery was actually considered morally reprehensible in 1890
  • Wagner-Jauregg

    He made the discovery that general paresis can be treated by infecting the ill with malaria. This work earned him the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Insulin Coma Therapy

    Sakel created insulin coma therapy in which patients are repeatedly injected with large doses of insulin in order to produce a coma that could last several weeks. This was a treatment for schizophrenia and morphine withdrawwl
  • Electroconvulsive Therapy

    Introduced by von Meduna. Electroconvulsive therapy is a procedure in which a patient under general anesthesia has small electric currents passed through their brain, creating a brief seizure. This was believed to cure schizophrenia
  • Art Therapy

    British artist Adrian Hill coined the term art therapy in 1942. People recovering from tuberculosis in a sanatorium found a therapeutic benefit from drawing and painting while convalescing.
  • Drug Therapy

    Through the study of drug effects on mind and behavior revolutionized the treatment of people with severe disorders.
  • Gestalt Therapy

    Fritz Perls introduced gestalt therapy which tries to get a good insight into patients and their relations to the world. Role Playing is an often method used during this therapy
  • Logotherapy

    Victor Frankl created logotherapy in the pursuit of that meaning for one's life. This is therapy for anxiety, neurosis, depression, OCD, terminally ill, and schizophrenia.
  • Forest Bathing Therapy

    Researchers in Japan and South Korea have created a scientific literature on the health benefits of spending time in the forest. It is been proven to reduce blood pressure and stress. Improve sleep and mood. Increased ability to focus and recover from surgery or illness
  • Light Exposure Therapy

    To counteract winter depression, some people spend time each morning exposed to intense light that mimics natural outdoor light.
  • Deep Brain Stimulation

    This is a neurosurgical procedure, where a neurostimulator is implanted in the brain to send electrical impulses to the brain. This is therapy for parkinson's diease, essential tremor, dystonia, chronic pain, major depression, and OCD.
  • Family Therapy

    Therapy conducted with groups rather than individuals, permitting therapeutic benefits from group interaction
  • Thermotherapy

    The use of heat for pain relief and health. It is most commonly used for rehabilitation purposes.