Hippocrates and Greek medical writers treated mentally ill people by quiet, occupation, and the use of drugs such as the purgative hellebore.
Used to manage pain and reduce stress. There is concentrative meditation involves sitting and lying comfortably and focusing on your breathing. This is to treat and heal your inner self.
Apr 23, 1100
The First Asylum
The first asylum was founded in Europe for mental diseases at Mets.
Apr 23, 1212
The Children's Crusade
Children walked from Germany and France to Italy in beliefs that they could free the Holy Land supernaturally because they were pure in heart. Most of them were murdered, drowned, or sold into slavery.
Apr 23, 1400
The medieval Europeans did not think the mentally ill were dangerous. Although some religious believed caring for the sick is the same as caring for the mentally ill, some Muslim Arabs established asylums in the 8th century to carry on the quasi-scientific approach of the Greeks.
Apr 23, 1500
Pope Innocent XIII
He believed the insane had the devil within them and he wrote a book about methods and techniques on how to get rid of the devil located in their souls.
Philippe Pinel in France takes over the Bicetre Insane Asylum
He forbids use of chains and removes patients from dungeons. He provides sun filed rooms and exercise on the grounds.
Dr. Gottlieb Burckhardt the superintendent of a Swiss psychiatric hospital
In attempt to change the behavior of 6 mentally ill patients, he drilled holes through their heads and took out sections of their frontal lobes. Two of the 6 patients died. This surgery was actually considered morally reprehensible in 1890
He made the discovery that general paresis can be treated by infecting the ill with malaria. This work earned him the Nobel Peace Prize
Insulin Coma Therapy
Sakel created insulin coma therapy in which patients are repeatedly injected with large doses of insulin in order to produce a coma that could last several weeks. This was a treatment for schizophrenia and morphine withdrawwl
Introduced by von Meduna. Electroconvulsive therapy is a procedure in which a patient under general anesthesia has small electric currents passed through their brain, creating a brief seizure. This was believed to cure schizophrenia
British artist Adrian Hill coined the term art therapy in 1942. People recovering from tuberculosis in a sanatorium found a therapeutic benefit from drawing and painting while convalescing.
Through the study of drug effects on mind and behavior revolutionized the treatment of people with severe disorders.
Fritz Perls introduced gestalt therapy which tries to get a good insight into patients and their relations to the world. Role Playing is an often method used during this therapy
Victor Frankl created logotherapy in the pursuit of that meaning for one's life. This is therapy for anxiety, neurosis, depression, OCD, terminally ill, and schizophrenia.
Forest Bathing Therapy
Researchers in Japan and South Korea have created a scientific literature on the health benefits of spending time in the forest. It is been proven to reduce blood pressure and stress. Improve sleep and mood. Increased ability to focus and recover from surgery or illness
Light Exposure Therapy
To counteract winter depression, some people spend time each morning exposed to intense light that mimics natural outdoor light.
Deep Brain Stimulation
This is a neurosurgical procedure, where a neurostimulator is implanted in the brain to send electrical impulses to the brain. This is therapy for parkinson's diease, essential tremor, dystonia, chronic pain, major depression, and OCD.
Therapy conducted with groups rather than individuals, permitting therapeutic benefits from group interaction
The use of heat for pain relief and health. It is most commonly used for rehabilitation purposes.