History of Emotional and Behavior Disorder

  • Period: 460 BCE to 377 BCE

    First Accounts of Mentally Ill

    -Cave Dwelling to Modern Civilizations (China, Egypt, Greece): Belief that people were possessed by devil and demonic influence
    Greek physician, known as father of medicine created forms of physical illness: melancholia, mania, and phrentis
  • Period: 500 to 1500

    Mental Illness Continued

    Middles Ages: Medical and Physical theories lost in Western society.
  • Period: 980 to 1037

    Investigation of Mental Illness

    Islamic physician, Avicenna: logical research on mental illness termed melancholia, epilepsy, mania, and hysteria; but not influential in Western society
  • Period: 1536 to

    Sources of Mental Illness Investigated

    -Plater: Mentally ill possessed by demons
    -Johann Weyer: German physician- wrote book, The Deception of Demons, referring to so-called 'witches' as mentally sick
  • Period: 1547 to

    Institutions for Patients of Mentally Ill

    Henry VIII (London): created St. Mary of Bethlehem (Bedlam), asylum or "madhouse" for patients
  • Period: to

    Mentally Ill Directed Away From Religion

    -Philosophers distinguish differences between "mind" and "soul"
    -Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and George Berkeley create concept of mental functions.
  • Period: to

    Humane Treatment of Patients with Mental Illnes

    -Phillipe Pinel, French physician, known for advocating for human treatment of patients with mental illness
  • Period: to

    American Research on Mentall Illness

    -Benjamin Rush, father of American psychiatry, introduces "moral derangement", fought for education and humane treatment of patients with mental illness
  • Period: to

    Educating Patients with Mental Illness

    -Jean Itard, wrote classic book, The Wild Boy of Aveyron, accounts of his attempts to teach a orphaned child with mental illness and mental retardation.
  • Period: to

    US Institutions Created

    -Schools for deaf, blind, and feeble-minded established
    -Pennsylvania Training School for Idiotic and Feeble-Minded Children, New Jersey Training School for Feeble Minded Boys and Girls
  • Period: to

    Campaign in US for Appropriate Treatment of Mentally Ill

    -Dorothy Dix, campaigned for public support and funding for hospital for patients with mental Illness in America
    -Samuel Gridley Howe, physician and educator, director of Boston's first state institution for patients with mental illness
  • Period: to

    Scientific Method Applied to Study of Behavior

    -Empirical research completed, by Gustav Fechner and Sir Francis Galton, to compare pathological behavior to normal behavior.
  • Period: to

    Minimal Support in Education for Mentally Ill

    -Compulsory Education Law spread throughout US
    - Students with mental illness were deemed "uncorrectable" and segregated in separate classes.
    -Many students were excluded fro schools
  • Period: to

    Intelligence Test of Mentally Ill

    -Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon developed intelligent test, Staford-Binet, to predict school success of mentally ill
    -Measurement of Intelligence and The Intelligence of School Children- assessments which grouped students with mental disorders in separate classes
  • Period: to

    Social Movements for Emotionally Disturbed

    -Dr. William Healy, Augusta Bronner, Grace Fernald, and Julia Lathrop developed Juvenile Psychopathic Institute and studied children who engaged in antisocial and criminal behavior
    -Council for Exceptional Children and Council for Children with Behavior Disorders developed in support of children with disabilities
  • Period: to

    Therapuetic Milieu Principle

    -Bruno Bettelheim, Fritz Redl, and associates introduce principles around therapeutic milieu therapy with seriously disturbed and aggressive children.
  • Period: to

    Non-institutionalized Settings

    -New York City establishes 600 therapuetic settings for students with emotionally disturbed and socially maladjusted which prepared them to re-enter regular school settings.
  • Period: to

    Guided Instructions for Working with Emotionally Disturbed

    -Books, Case Studies and reports gave strategies in teaching students with emotional distrubances
    -Fruedian theories used to support active treatment of students with disabilities
    -B.F. Skinner's theory was important methods that guided practice on classroom management
  • Period: to

    Term: Emotional Disturbance

    -Eli Bowers completes research and identifies 5 characteristics of students with emotional disturbance hold. This term is adopted by federal government.
  • Period: to

    Special Message to Congress

    -President John F. Kennedy shares Special Message to the Congress on Mental Illness and Retardation.
    -National health program created
    -P.L. 88-164 established adding disability category of "serious emotionally disturbed"
    -In 1965, funds allocated for Community Mental Health Centers
  • Period: to

    Mills vs. Board of Education 1972

    -Groundbreaking federal case, filed against District of Columbia Board of Education
    -Parents and Guardians of students with multiple behaviors who were denied education filed expulsion on basis of behaviors was unconstitutional
    -Results ruled in support of students rights to public education and due process procedural safeguards
  • Period: to

    Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

    -Law that prohibits discrimination of people with disabilities
    -Mental Impairment is viewed as a major life impairment
  • Period: to

    Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (EAHCA)

    -President George Ford signed law (PL 94-142), requiring states to provide all students with disabilities a free and appropriate public education, ages 3-21.
    - "Social emotional disturbance" defined
  • Period: to

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

    -In 1990, 1997, and 2004, PL 94- 142 also known as EAHCA was renamed with amendments to people first language, adding disability categories, focus on implementing quality education; Special initiatives for students with EBD
    -1997 amendments included Functional Behavior Analysis and the Behavior Intervention Plan of students with Emotional and Behavior disabilities
    -2004 amendments address behavior strategies, IEP team assessments and professional developments