Primitive Times 4000 BC – 3000 BC• Thought illness and disease a punishment from the Gods
• Witch doctors used herbs and plants as medicines
Egyptians 3000 BC – 300 BC• Physicians were priests
• Treated illness with bloodletting and leeches
Ancient Chinese (1700 BC –AD220)• Used acupuncture
• Believed to cure the body you must nourish the spirit
Greeks (1200 BC – 200 BC)• First to observe the human body and the effects of disease
• Believed disease the result of natural causes
Romans (753 BC – AD410)• Established the first hospitals by caring for soldiers in their homes.
• Built sewers and aqueducts to create the first public health and sanitation systems.
Dark Ages (AD400 – AD 800)• Emphasis on saving the soul – the study of medicine was prohibited
• Monks and priests treated patients with prayer
Middle Ages (AD 800 – AD 1400)• Renewed interest in the medical practices of the Greeks and Romans
• Bubonic plague killed 75% of the people in Europe
Renaissance (AD 1350 – AD 1650)• Dissection of the body led to understanding of anatomy and physiology
• Invention of printing press allowed medical knowledge to be shared