Louisiana began as a French colony claimed in the name of Louis XIV by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, in 1682 when he reached the mouth of the Mississippi River.
New-Orleans is founded.
The city of New Orleans is founded by the French as La Nouvelle-Orléans. It was named after Philip II, Duke of Orléans, the king of France at the time.
New-Orleans, capitol of Louisiana.
The capitol of Louisiana was Mobile in 1682, moved to Biloxi in 1699, then settled in New-Orleans in 1722.
France cedes New-Orleans to Spain.
It is said that in 1762, King Louis XV of France lost a wager to his cousin King Charles III of Spain, and thus the whole Louisiana territory became a Spanish possession (Treaty of Fontainebleau and the Treaty of Paris ).
The Great New Orleans Fire (I)
The Great Fire destroys many of the French-built structures in the original French Quarter of the city.
The Great New-Orleans Fire (II)
A second fire destroys much of the remaining French architecture. The Spanish rebuild the French quarter using Spanish colonial architecture.
Right of Deposit.
The United States is granted "Right of Deposit" in New Orleans, allowing them to use the city's port facilities.
Louisiana becomes French again.
Louisiana reverts back to French control after Napoleon regains the territory under a treaty agreement with Spain.
Napoleon sells the Louisiana territory to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase.