History of Journalism

  • 1456

    Printing Press

    Printing Press
    Johannes Gutenberg created the printing press, which led to the printing of the Bible and other books.
  • First Newspaper

    The First Newspaper was created in the 17th century in Europe.
  • Englands Oxford Gazette

    In 1665 the first regularly published newspaper was created, the Englands Oxford Gazette.
  • First American Newspaper

    First American Newspaper
    Publick Occurrences was the first american newspaper published, it was cancelled after one issue due to lack of permit.
  • New England Courant

    New England Courant
    The New England Courant was the first, continued, American Newspaper, published by James Franklin.
  • First Amendment

    The First Amendment was ratified in 1791.
  • Penny Press

    Penny Press
    Newspapers grew during the Industrial Revolution, much cheaper printing.
  • The New York Sun

    Benjamin Day founded The New York Sun and sold 5,000 copies a day for one cent. Within 2 years he was selling 15,000 daily.
  • Boom of Journalism

    The first newspaper closest to what we know now was New York Herald, it had Wall Street coverage.
  • Associated Press

  • New York Times

    New York Times
    New York Times was founded in 1851, it was fair, balanced reporting, high-quality writing, and they weren't as popular as they are now.
  • Civil War

    Beginning of war correspondents, led to competition, journalists relied heavily on telegrams to send news. This began more concise style of writing that we see in newspapers today.
  • Radio Waves

    Henreich Hertz of Germany sent and detected the first radio waves.
  • Yellow Journalism

    Yellow Journalism
    William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer owned competing newspapers in NYC, both used Yellow Journalism and created an even larger demand for news.
  • Morse Code

    Morse Code
    Guglielmo Marconi, who is usually credited with inventing the radio, built a wireless device that could transmit Morse Code.
  • Progressive Era

    The birth of real investigative reporting happened in the early 1900s, during the Progressive Era.
  • Broadcast

    Reginald Fessenden makes first broadcast of music to ships in New York Harbor on Christmas.
  • First Radio Station

    Frank Conrad started broadcasting in Pittsburgh, this was the first radio station. He didn't intend to get an audience but then more people started listening.
  • Espionage Act

    This act made is illegal to share information that might interfere with the success if the armed forces. This extended in 1918 by the sedition act, and made it illegal to speak out against the government. Anyone found guilty of such acts would be fined $10,000 and/or 20 years in prison. Repealed in 1924, some parts still remain.
  • KDKA

    Westing House started there first radio station called KDKA in Pittsburgh.
  • Radio Act

    This Act establishes Federal Radio Commission to clean up overlapping.
  • Wireless Broadcasting

    Philo Farnsworth did the first wireless broadcast. WW2 interrupted development.
  • FCC

    Changed to FCC and would later extend power over TV broadcasting as well. (Currently debating whether its power should extend to Internet.)
  • Period: to

    Big Impact

    TV's big impact, FM developed and had better quality than AM radio, but it grew slowly because people had moved on from radio. Radio lost a lot of their best performers to TV. Radio developed new formats like music, news, and talk shows.
  • Golden Age

    Golden Age of TV- First color broadcast was 1954.
  • Period: to

    Growth and Stabilization

    Rise of FM and radio personalities, another development was that stations specialized: country, religion, political, and sports.
  • Watergate

  • New York Times vs. U.S.

    New York Times vs. U.S.
    Papers were copied by a government official and given to the NYT. They exposed government knowledge that the war would cost more lives and that the war was being escalated even as the President had said is was close to ending.
  • Fox

    Fox Network made Big Three to Big Four.
  • Period: to

    Digital Era

    Internet, Satellite, "free" online music, Hulu, Netflix, YouTube, social media, etc.