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History of India from 1960 to 2000

  • India's Border War with China

    India fights with China over a border dispute and loses.
  • Prime Minister Dies

    Prime Minister Dies
    Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru dies.
  • Second War with Pakistan

    India engages in a second war with Pakistan over the area of Kashmir.
  • Indira Gandhi

    Indira Gandhi
    Two years after Nehru's death, his daughter, Indira Gandhi becomes prime minister.
  • Third war with Pakistan

    India engages into a third war with Pakistan over the creation of Bangladesh which was originally a part of East Pakistan.
  • Troops invade Golden Temple

    Troops invade the Golden Temple, which is the Sikhs' most holy place of worship to deter them against pusing for self-rule.
  • Indira Gandhi is assasinated

    Sikh bodyguards kill Indira Gandhi and her son takes over in her place.
  • Gas Leak at Pesticides Plant

    Gas Leak at Pesticides Plant
    Thousands are killed or left disabled after a gas leak at the Union Carbide pesticides plant.
  • India sends troops to Sri Lanka

    With ethnic conflict occurring in Sri Lanka, India sends troops to help serve as peacekeepers.
  • Troops leave Sri Lanka

    After 3 years of serving as peacekeepers, Indian troops withdraw from Sri Lanka.
  • Period: to

    Muslim-Hindu violence

    Muslim separatist groups began campaigns of violence against Hindus and Hindu extremists destroyed Muslim mosques.
  • Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated

    Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated
    Rajiv Gandhi was killed by a suicide bomber who agreed with the beliefs of a Sri Lankan militant group.
  • Economic Reform Programme

    Prime Minister Narasimha Rao began a new program to help reform India's economy.
  • Electoral Defeat in Congress

    Congress suffers a defeat as a Hindu nationalist emerges as the new largest single party.
  • Forming of a Coalition Government

    BJP forms a coalition government underneath Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee.
  • Lahore Peace Declaration

    Lahore Peace Declaration
    Prime Minister Vajpayee travels to Pakistan to sign a bilateral Lahore peace declaration.
  • War in Kashmir

    Another dispute over Kashmir led India and Pakistan to fight against each other