History of Ghana

Timeline created by zennobiaaa
In History
  • May 28, 1200

    Formative Centuries

    Guan begin their migrations down Volta Basin from Gonja toward Gulf of Guinea.
  • May 28, 1298

    Formative Centuries

    Akan kingdom of Bono (Brong) founded. Other states had arisen or were beginning to rise about this time.
  • May 28, 1471

    Formative Centuries

    First Europeans arrive. Portuguese build Elmina Castle.
  • May 28, 1482

    Formative Centuries

    Portuguese set up trading settlement.
  • 19th Century

    The Asantes were defeated in the Battle of Kantamanto near Dodowa.
  • 19th Century

    George Maclean signed treaty with the Asantes. 600 ounces of Gold kept for the Asantes. Two princes sent to Britain. Returned after 6 years in 1842.
  • 19th Century

    Battle of Bobikuma. Britain defeated
  • 19th Century

    Britain lost another war.
  • Formative Centuries

    British proclaim coastal area a crown colony.
  • 19th Century

    Britain establishes Gold Coast Colony.
  • 19th Century

    Cocoa introduced to Ghana.
  • 19th Century

    Nana Agyeman Prempeh I ascended the throne of the Asante Kingdom.
  • 19th Century

    Anglo-Asante war leads to exile of asantehene and British protectorate over Asante. - British troops marched to Kumasi, led by Sir Francis Scott. The king was exiled first to the Elmina Castle, then to Sierra Leone and later to Seychels.
  • 19th Century

    Aboriginess right Protection society.
  • 20th Century (Pre Independence)

    First Africans appointed to colony's Legislative Council. Arnold Hodgson went to ask for the golden stool. The Asantes were infuriated. Yaa Asantewaa, the queen mother of Edwiso (Ejisu) led attack on the British Fort in Kumasi.
  • 20th Century (Pre Independence)

    Northern Territories proclaimed a British protectorate.
  • 20th Century (Pre Independece)

    German Togo becomes a mandate under Gold Coast administration.
  • 20th Centry (Pre Independence)

    Nana Agyemang Prempeh I returned . Died in 1931.
  • 20th Centyrt (Pre Independence)

    Constitution of 1925 calls for six chiefs to be elected to Legislative Council. Guggisburg Constitution
  • 20th Century (Pre Indepencence)

    Prempeh II Asante Confideracy Council.
  • 20th Century (Pre Independence)

    United Gold Coast Convention founded.
  • 20th Century (Pre Independence)

    Ex-servicemen marched on Christianborg Castle to hand petition to the governor about their poor conditions. The order was given and 3 laid dead. UGCC was held responsible and its officers were detained. (The dead were sergeant Adjetey, Corporal Attipoe, and Private Odartey Lamptey). The six detained were Kwame Nkrumah, Obetsebi Lamptey, Ako Adjei, Ofori-Atta, Dr Danquah and Akuffo Addo. Mr Aiken Watson was appointed by the British Government to look into disturbances. He recommended a new consti
  • 20th Century (Pre Independence)

    Nii Kwabena Bone II--an Accra chief organised the boycott of Europen and Syrian, Lebanese goods.
  • 20th Century (Pre Independence)

    Kwame Nkrumah breaks with United Gold Coast Convention and forms Convention People's Party. Internal trouble in UGCC. Nkrumah broke off to form his own Convention Peoples' Party (CPP), with the slogan of SELF GOVERNMENT NOW.
  • 20th Century (Pre Independence)

    New constitution leads to general elections. Convention People's Party wins two-thirds majority.
    First General election . CPP won 34 seats , UGCC --3. Kwame Nkrumah who was in prison for positive action, won the seat in central Accra, and was released to become the leader of Govt business, and Prime Minister on 21 March 1952.
  • 20th Century (Pre Independence)

    New constitution grants broad powers to Nkrumah's government. 104 elected representatives. CPP --72 seats, Northern People's Party (NPP) - 15, Independents - 11, and others - 6.
    The NLM (National Liberation Movement ) was formed by linguist Baffour Akoto. Leader was J B Danquah, and Dr K.A. Bussia - member. This group wanted a federal government.
  • 20th Century (Pre Independence)

    Plebiscite in British Togoland calls for union with Gold Coast. There was another election. CPP won 72 of the 104 seats. The NLM and its allies won the remaining seats and so became the parliamentary opposition. The former British Mandated Togoland also voted to join the Gold Coast--Ghana.
    Convention People's Party wins 68 percent of seats in legislature and passes an independence motion, which British Parliament approves.
  • 20th Century (pre Independence)

    British Colony of the Gold Coast becomes independent Ghana on March 6.
  • 20th Century (Post Independence)

    Entrenched protection clauses of constitution repealed; regional assemblies abolished; Preventive Detention Act passed.
  • 20th Century (Post Independence)

    Plebiscite creates a republic on July 1, with Nkrumah as president.
  • 20th Century (Post Independence)

    Ghana declared a one-party state. Completion of Akosombo Dam.
  • 20th Century (Post Independence)

    While Nkrumah is in China, army stages widely popular coup. National Liberation Council(NLC), led by General Joseph Ankrah, comes to power. Russian and Chinese technicians expelled.
  • 20th Century (Post Independence)

    General Ankrah is replaced by Brigadier Akwasi Afrifa in April, a new constitution is introduced and the ban on party politics is lifted the following month.
  • 20th Century (Post Independence)

    an election for a new National Assembly is held, the Progress Party (PP) wins and is led by Dr Kofi Busia, who is subsequently appointed Prime Minister. The PP government takes office in October.
  • 20th Century (Post Independence)

    Lieutenant Colonel Ignatius Acheampong leads a military coup in January that brings National Redemption Council to power.
  • 20th Century (Post Independence)

    The NRC is replaced by the Supreme Military Council (SMC) also led by Acheampong.
  • 19th Century

    A referendum is held in favour of union government.
  • 19th Century

    Acheampong forced to resign by fellow officers; General Frederick Akuffo takes over.
  • 20th Century

    The ban on party politics is lifted and 16 new parties are subsequently registered.
  • 20th Century

    Junior officers stage Ghana's first violent coup. Armed Forces Revolutionary Council formed under Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings.
  • 20th Century

    Hilla Limann elected president in July.
  • 20th Century

    Rawlings stages second coup, December 31. Provisional National Defence Council established with Rawlings as chairman.
  • 20th Century

    First phase of Economic Recovery Program introduced with World Bank and International Monetary Fund support. Rawlings adopts conservative economic policies, abolishing subsidies and price controls, privatising many state enterprises and devaluing the currency.
  • 20th Century

    National Commission for Democracy, established to plan the democratization of Ghana's political system, officially inaugurated in January.
  • 20th Century

    Various organizations call for return to civilian government and multiparty politics, among them Movement for Freedom and Justice, founded in August.
  • 20th Century

    Provisional National Defence Council announces its acceptance, in May, of multipartyism in Ghana. June deadline set for creation of Consultative Assembly to discuss nation's new constitution.
  • 20th Century

    National referendum in April approves draft of new democratic constitution. Formation and registration of political parties becomes legal in May.
  • 20th Century

    Ghana's Fourth Republic inaugurated January 4 with the swearing in of Rawlings as president.
  • 20th Century

    One thousand people are killed and a further 150,000 are displaced in the Northern Region following ethnic clashes between the Konkomba and the Nanumba over land ownership.
  • 20th Century

    Ghana hosts peace talks for warring factions early 1995 of Liberian civil war.
  • 20th Century

    President Rawlings pays official visit to the United States March 8-9, first such visit by a Ghanaian head of state in more than thirty years.
    Government imposes curfew in Northern Region as renewed ethnic violence results in a further 100 deaths.
  • 20th Century

    Jerry Rawlings re-elected president for second and last term
  • 21st Century

    Presidential and Parliamentary elections took place on 7 December 2000. Opposition leader John Kufuor polled 48.4% of the vote, not enough to win the first round. John Atta Mills scored 44.8% with the five other parties scooping the remaining votes. In parallel parliamentary elections, the NPP achieved a majority taking 99 seats. NDC took 92, PNC 3, Convention People's Party 1, independents 4. The Presidential run-off between Kufuor and Mills took place on 28 December 2000. Kufuor won taking 57%
  • 21st Century

    Petrol prices rise by 60% following the government's decision to remove fuel subsidies.
  • 21st Century

    Ghana accepts debt relief under a scheme designed by the World Bank and the IMF.
  • 21st Century

    126 people are killed at the Accra Sports staduim in a soccer match
  • 21st Century

    Kufuor is Sworn in as the new president in January 7.
  • 21st Century

    Government scraps public holiday celebrating Rawling's military coup in an effort to wipe out the legacy of his rule. Thousands march in Accra to protest against statement by Rawlings that army may turn against government.
  • 21st Century

    Floods hit Accra causing 10 deaths and 100,000 to flee their homes.
  • 20th Century

    A coup staged by junior officers of the armed forces, led by Flt-Lt Jerry Rawlings, fails on 15 May and he is subsequently imprisoned.
  • Period:
    May 28, 1500
    to

    Formative Centuries

    Era of slave raids and wars and of intense state formation in Gold Coast.
  • Period: to

    Formative Centuries

    Rise and consolidation of Asante Empire.
  • Period: to

    19th Century

    Two ambassadors were sent to Kumasi to discuss peace with King Osei Bonsu. This failed.
  • Period: to

    19th Century

    In Asante Denkyira war, Sir Charles Macarthy and his Fante allies supported the Denkyiras. Marcathy was killed.
  • Period: to

    19th Century

    British government signs Bond of 1844 with Fante chiefs.
  • Period: to

    19th Century

    Kofi Karikari invaded Southern and coastal areas. Major General Sir Garnet Woseley with British expedition forces defeated the Asantes. Treaty of Fomena in 1874. Asante forced to recognize the Independence of all states south of the Pra River.
  • Period: to

    19th Century

    Last Asante invasion of coast. British capture Kumasi.
  • Period: to

    20th Century (Pre Independence)

    Gold Coast Regiment serves with distinction in East Africa.
  • Period: to

    20th Century (Pre Independence)

    Gold Coast African forces serve in Ethiopia and Burma.
  • Period: to

    20th Century

    Elections for new district assemblies begin in early December and continue through February 1989.