History of Britain

  • 2000 BCE


    About 2000 years B.C. pre-Celtic people had already settled in Great Britain. These were called the Iberians probably they came from Spain.
    They lived during the Bronze age and the Iron age.
  • 700 BCE


    Around 700 B.C. the Celts arrive from Northern Europe.
    They were organized into tribes.
  • 55 BCE

    Julius Caesar

    Julius Caesar
    Julius Caesar invaded Britain in 55 B.C. buth is first expedition was not successful.
    He returned the next year but he didn’t want to subdue the land but only to obtain tributes.
  • Period: 410 to 1066


    They were a mix of tribes from German, Denmark and the Netherlands.
    The land they settled in was Angle-land or England.
  • 1066

    William duke of Normandy

    William duke of Normandy
    William attack and defeated Harold of Wessex and introducted the feudal sistem and the Domesday Book
  • Period: 1154 to 1485

    The Plantagenet

    They were a huge powerful family.
    The dinasty producted Henry II, Richard the Lionheart, King Jonh and the powerful Edward I.
  • Period: 1455 to 1485

    War of the Roses

    The English throne was waged between two
    branches on the same family, the House of York and the
    House of Lancaster, each house was represented by a rose, the House of York used a white rose. The House of Lancaster used a red rose.
    The War of the Roses ended when Henry Tudor, a
    Lancastrian, defeated King Richard III, a Yorkist at the
    battle of Bosworth.
  • Period: 1485 to

    The Tudor

    They marked the end of the medieval system and the rise of
    the modern age.
    The two most famous Tudor monarch were Henry VIII and Elizabeth I.
    Henry VIII wanted a son, but from Catherine of Aragon had one daughter. He wanted to divorce but the Pope refused and Henry created a separated Curch. After this he married Anne Boleyn and he had a daugther (Elizabeth I), later she was killed.
    From married Jane Seymour had a son
    (Edward) and he became the king when Henry died.
  • Period: 1547 to

    Mary I and Elizabeth I

    When Edward died Mary I became the Queen Queen and tried to convert the country back to the Catholic Church, killing many people who refused: forthis reason she is often known as Bloody Mary.
    Elizabeth I became the Queen after Mary died.
    She restored the Protestant religion and defeated the Spanish Armada.
  • Period: to

    Stuart dynasty

    When Elizabeth I died James I became the King.
    dynasty. He tried to force
    Catholics to go to Protestant churches. A group of
    Catholics planned to blow up the Houses of Parliament
    when James was there, this was known as the Gunpowder Plot but the plan was discovered and one of the group called Guy Fawkes was caught and burnt alive.
  • Queen Victoria

    Queen Victoria
    Victoria became Queen in 1837 when she was 18 years old,
    and married a German prince called Albert three years later.
    There were many advances in science during the Victorian period and the British empire grew.
  • Period: to

    Elizabeth II

    After a historic 70 years on the throne as
    Britain's longest-serving monarch.