Period: Jan 1, 1509 to
The English Reformation
Jun 11, 1509
Marriage to Catherine of Aragon-Catherine of Aragon was born December 16th, 1485 in Spain.
-Henery the Eighth married Catherine of Aragon after his father died; they had a joint cornoation on June 24th, 1509.
-Catherine bore a stilborn, then a son that died after 52 days, a miscarriage, a son that soon died and enventually in 1516 Mary was born.
- She was 23 when she married Henry (who was 18)
-Catherine and Henry ended their marriage which required Herny to step away from the church.
Jun 24, 1509
Coronation of Henry VIII
Jun 24, 1509
Biography of Henry VIIIHenry was born in Grenwich, England of June 28, 1491. He was the second son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York. His elder brother died in 1502, allowing him to ascend in 1509. When he was young, he was athletic and intelligent. He spoke English, Spanish, French, and Latin. He was also very religious; he apparently heard three masses per day. He was very fond of hunting. He would tire eight to ten horses each time he went out. He loved writing, music, and art. He was a great patron of arts.
Feb 18, 1516
Birth of Mary Tudor-
Jan 25, 1533
Marriage of Anne Boleyn-Historians are uncertian about Anne Boleyns' actual birthday.
-Although she was born in Norfolk, she ended up in France attending to Queens.
-There were many rumours of her being ugly, with a potential sixth finger. She was simply just different as she had dark skin and large brown eyes.
-King Henry most likely sought Anne to be his mistress, as she was found to have many love affairs.
-She bore Elizabeth, followed by miscarriages.
-Anne Boleyn was accused of adultery and beheaded.
May 23, 1533
Annullment: Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII
Jun 1, 1533
Henry VIII's break with the Catholic CurchHenry VIII needed a male heir to succeed him. His first wife could not produce a male hier for him, and she was now in her forties. He wanted to divorce her and marry Anne Boleyn. The Pope did not allow him to divorce her. He tried, but couldn't get a divorce. To get around it, he created his own Church of England, declared himself head of it, and got the divorce.
Sep 7, 1533
Birth of Elizabeth I
Nov 17, 1534
First Act of SupremacyThis Act named the the king head of the Curch of England, essentially seperating it from Rome and the Pope's control. This allowed, and was intended to, get an annulment for Heny VIII and Catherine of Aragon's marriage.
Jan 7, 1536
Death of Catherine of AragonCatherine of Aragon died, likely of cancer, in iscolation at Kimbolton Castle. She died and was buried not under the title of Queen. Henry did not go to her funeral, and he did not allow Mary to go, either. He and Anne were purported to have worn yellow during the mourning period, not black as was customary. This was seen by some a s a sign of celeberation at Catherine's death.
May 17, 1536
Annullment: Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII
May 19, 1536
Excecution of Anne BoleynAnne Boleyn was excecuted on chrage of treason and adultery. She was beheaded in the Tower of London by an expert swordman Henry brought in from France. She maintained her innocence until her death.
May 30, 1536
Marriage to Jane Seymour-In the Feburary of 1536 King Henry had lost intrest in Anne and began to favour Jane.
-People wonder how Jane felt about being the new apple of Henry's eyes. Was she scared? Or calm?
-Henry treated Jane like a queen because he believed her to be his "true wife" and that she would deliever his son.
-Her first preganceny bore a healthy boy named Edward who was later christened.
-She died two weeks after Edward's christening as she was extremely weak from the birth of the boy.
Oct 12, 1537
Birth of Edward VI
Oct 24, 1537
Death of Jane SeymourJane Seymour died after giving birth to Henry's only male hier, Edward VI. She supposedly spent two nights and three days in labor. She died shortly after, probably of infection. She was the only one of Henry's wives to have been given a Queen's burial.
Jan 6, 1540
Marriage to Anne of Cleves-Waited to marry for two years after Jane, most likely to respect her and express his love through mourning.
-He married Anne to gain an alliance as England appeared vunerable after leaving the church.
-From the marriage in Janurary Henry was already trying to get rid of Anne as she did have musical or literature skills and was not attractive in Henry's eyes.
-The marriage ended peacefully as she knew that she could not top Henry. He gave her land and the Hever Castle
-She wanted to remarry him
Jul 9, 1540
Divorced: Anne of Cleves and Henry VIII
Jul 28, 1540
Marriage of Kathryn Howard-When Henry and Kathryn were wed, she was 19 and Henry was 39.
-She was cousin to Anne Boleyn and brought up in Norfolk.
-It is believed that her uncle pushed her to interact with with the King, presumably to help his power,
-He was married to Kathryn sixteen days after the death of Anne of Cleves.
-Henry loved the enrgy and young womenly spirit that Kathryn held.
-She was caught flirting wtih other men and was accused of adultery, after two years of marriage she was executed.
Feb 13, 1542
Execution of Catherine HowardCatherine Howard was executed in the Tower of London for crimes of treason and adultery. She was supposed to have called her punishment "worthy and just" before her beheading.
Jul 12, 1543
Marriage to Katherine Parr-Katherine was named after Henry's first wife Catherine by incident.
-Katherine was widowed two times before marrying Henry by the age of 31.
-She originally wanted to marry Thomas Seymour however, King Henry proposed and she felt it her dut to accept it.
-She was a key figure in the fight for religion (contraversial) Katherine was also a patron of the arts.
-King Henry died so she married Thomas and gave birth to her first child at 36 and died from labour.
Jan 28, 1547
Henry VIII DiesNo exact causes have been put to his death, however the biggest factors include his weight, disease, and simply old age (he was 56)
Jan 28, 1547
Coronation of Edward VI
Sep 5, 1548
Katherine Parr DiesCtherine Parr dies in chidbirth, but the child survives.
Jan 1, 1553
Coronation of Mary Tudor-She married King Phillip Second from Spain; he did not have much power.
-Mary announced a false pregnancy shortly after her marriage.
-Mary returned the Kingdom to Roman Catholism, in the process she executed the Protestants.
-She burnt 300 Protestants at the stake giving her name
-She hated Anne Boleyn and everything to do with her
Jul 6, 1553
Edward VI DiesEdward VI died at age 15 at Greenwich palace of what was likely tubercolosis. He fought with the disease since January, recovering at times, and then lapsing back into sickness.
Jul 16, 1557
Death of Anne of ClevesAnne of Cleves died of what was likely cancer an Chelsea old Manor. She was Buried in Westminster Abbey.
Nov 17, 1558
Death of Mary IMary I died of an unknown sickness after a five year reign. She was succeeded by Elizabth I, her half sister.
Nov 17, 1558
Cornation of Elizabeth-She never married and gained the title 'Virgin Queen" although there were plenty of suitors.
-Elizabeth ended the legislation put in place by Mary, ridding the kingdom of Catholism.
-Under her lead England defeated the Spanish Armada and explored the New World.
-She almost died of smallpox in 1562, but prevailed with a few facial scars
-She lived to a shocking 70 years of age
-Overall she was an excellent leader.
Jan 17, 1559
Second Act of SupremacyThe First Act of Supremacy was repealed by the Catholic Mary during her reign, and so Elizabeth reinstated in in 1559. This replaced the Frist Act of Supremacy.
Death of Elizabeth IElizabeth I died of a sickness after falling into a depression due to news of the death of some of her friends. She named no heir, but the unofficial successor was James I of Scotland. He ascended to the throne after 44 years of Elizabethian rule.