Before, During, and After the Time of Anne Frank

By Bri.Meg
  • Anne Frank born in Frankfurt, Germany

    Anne Frank born in Frankfurt, Germany
    Picture: Anne Frank in 1941, at her school desk
  • Hitler comes to power

    Hitler comes to power
    Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany and the first anti-Jewish laws are established. All political parties, except for the Nazi party, are banned. Jewish workers in medical, legal, government, and teaching positions are laid off. Picture:
    Portrait of Adolf Hitler, 1933
  • Frank family moves to Netherlands

    Frank family moves to Netherlands
    The Frank family moves to the Netherlands due to concern from Nazi actions in Germany.
  • Period: to

    Anti-Jewish Decrees

    For more information, enter the next room.
  • Boycott of Jewish-owned shops and businesses in Germany

    Boycott of Jewish-owned shops and businesses in Germany
    Storm Troopers stood in front of Jewish-owned department stores, retail establishments, and the offices of professionals such as doctors and lawyers. The Star of David and antisemitic slogans were painted across doors and windows. There were also signs saying things like "Don't Buy from Jews" and "The Jews Are Our Misfortune." Acts of violence against Jews and Jewish property occurred with police rarely intervening.
    Picture: SA men with boycott signs block the entrance to a Jewish-owned shop.
  • Anne starts Kindergarten

    Anne starts Kindergarten
    Anne goes to kindergarten at the Montessori school in Amsterdam. Picture: Photo of five-year-old, Anne Frank, in Bad Aachen, Germany, September 11, 1934.
  • Nuremberg Race Laws pass in Germany

    Nuremberg Race Laws pass in Germany
    Nuremberg Race Laws remove German citizen rights from Jews. Over the next serval years, laws further isolating Jews are passed. An example of this is the requirement for Jews to wear a yellow Star of David.
    Picture: The Nuremberg Laws - Chart in English
  • Germany invades Poland

    Germany invades Poland
    The invasion of Poland triggers the beginning of World War 2.
    Picture: German troops parade through Warsaw after the invasion of Poland.
  • German Army invades Netherlands

    German Army invades Netherlands
    Picture: German troops landing in the Netherlands
  • Margot and Anne attend all-Jewish school

    Margot and Anne attend all-Jewish school
    Because of the Nazi's growing restrictions on Dutch Jews, Margot and Anne attend an all-Jewish school.
    Picture: Margot and Anne Frank in 1941
  • Anne Frank gets diary for her 13th birthday

    Anne Frank gets diary for her 13th birthday
    Picture: Anne Frank's open diary
  • Margot Frank gets call-up for a transit camp

    Margot Frank gets call-up for a transit camp
    Margot receives call-up papers to report for deportation to a forced-labor camp.
    Picture: Margot Frank (May 1940)
  • Frank family moves into secret annex

    Frank family moves into secret annex
    Picture: A photo showing how the entrance to the secret annex is hidden.
  • van Daan family moves into secret annex with Frank family

    van Daan family moves into secret annex with Frank family
    The van Daans, also known as the van Pels, are another Jewish family originally from Germany. Hermann van Daan and Otto Frank are familiar with each other from being business partners.
    Picture: Mrs. and Mr. van Daan on the left, and Peter van Daan on the right.
  • Fritz Pfeffer (Dussel) joins secret annex

    Fritz Pfeffer (Dussel) joins secret annex
    Fritz Pfeffer is able to join the Frank and van Daan family through Miep Gies; a woman who helps hide the 2 families in the secret annex.
    Picture: Fritz Pfeffer, around 1935
  • Russian's winning in the Battle of Stalingrad

    Russian's winning in the Battle of Stalingrad
    The Russians began winning the war against the Nazis at the Battle of Stalingrad.
    Picture: A Soviet soldier waving the Red Banner over the central plaza of Stalingrad in 1943.
  • Anne, Margot, Mrs. van Daan sent to Bergen-Belson

    Anne, Margot, Mrs. van Daan sent to Bergen-Belson
    Anne, Margot, and Mrs. van Daan go to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. Edith Frank remains in Auschwitz.
    Picture: The outside of the Bergen-Belsen camp.
  • Allies successful in Invasion of France

    Allies successful in Invasion of France
    The Allies successful invasion of France brings those who live under Nazi occupation hope that the war will end soon. Picture: Map of 1944 France
  • Secret annex discovered, residents arrested

    Secret annex discovered, residents arrested
    The residents are found out to be hiding in the secret annex due to a thief having heard them upstairs. After being taken to a police station in Amsterdam, they are eventually moved to Westerbork transit camp.
    Picture: A photo of the Westerbork camp, taken between 1940 and 1945.
  • Annex residents taken to Auschwitz

    Annex residents taken to Auschwitz
    The eight prisoners are taken to Auschwitz where the men are separated from the women.
    Picture: Aerial photograph of Auschwitz
  • Margot and Anne die of typhus in Bergen-Belson

    Margot and Anne die of typhus in Bergen-Belson
    Margot and Anne Frank die of typhus within days of each other in the same concentration camp; Bergen-Belson.
    Picture: Gravestone of Margot and Anne Frank
  • Allies win war

    Allies win war
    As the war in Europe ends, the Allies win.
    Picture: 1945 Front pages from the front lines of the end of World War II
  • Edith Frank dies of starvation in Auschwitz

    Edith Frank dies of starvation in Auschwitz
    Picture: Photo of Edith, taken in May 1935
  • Auschwitz liberated, Otto Frank is only survivor from annex

    Auschwitz liberated, Otto Frank is only survivor from annex
    Amsterdam was liberated by Canadian troops on May 5, 1945. Almost the entire Jewish population had been murdered, including seven of the eight people who were previously hiding in the secret annex.
    Picture: Prisoners re-enact liberation from Auschwitz main camp, February 1945
  • Otto Frank informed of daughters' death, given diary

    Otto Frank informed of daughters' death, given diary
    Otto Frank receives a letter informing him that his daughters died at Bergen-Belsen. Miep gives Anne's diary to Otto. She found and hid the diary after the Franks' arrest and had been hoping to return it to Anne.
    Picture: Otto Frank in 1961
  • First 1,500 copies of diary published in Amsterdam

    First 1,500 copies of diary published in Amsterdam
    Anne Frank's diary is not only published in Dutch, but is also published in French, English, German, and Japanese within only the next few years.
    Picture: First edition of The Diary of Anne Frank (published as Het Achterhuis)
  • Eichmann captured and ultimately executed

    Eichmann captured and ultimately executed
    One of the last major Nazi figures, Adolf Eichmann, is captured and put on trial in Israel. Due to his involvement in the killing of an estimated six million Jews, he is convicted and executed.
    Picture: Adolf Eichmann during his trial in Israel (1962)
  • Frank hiding place turned into museum

    Frank hiding place turned into museum
    The Frank Family's hiding place is turned into a museum telling the story of Anne Frank and the other residents who hid in the secret annex.